:"This article discusses the geologic usage, for the philosophical or architectural usage see:
Architectonics":"Or see plate tectonics".
plate tectonics(click on map for more details)] Tectonics, (from the Greek for "builder", tekton), is a field of study within geologyconcerned generally with the structures within the crust of the Earth(or other planets) and particularly with the forces and movements that have operated in a region to create these structures. Tectonics is concerned with the orogenies and tectonic development of cratons and tectonic terranes as well as the earthquakeand volcanic belts which directly affect much of the global population. Tectonic studies are also important for understanding erosionpatterns in geomorphologyand as guides for the economic geologist searching for petroleum and metallic ores.
A subfield of tectonics that deals with tectonic phenomena in the
geologically recentperiod is called neotectonics.
Tectonic studies have application to
lunarand planetary studies, whether or not those bodies have active tectonic plate systems.
Since the 1960s,
plate tectonicshas become by far the dominant theory to explain the origin and forces responsible for the tectonic features of the continents and ocean basins.
There are three main types of tectonic regime
*Thrust (Contractional) tectonics
* Edward A. Keller (2001) "Active Tectonics: Earthquakes, Uplift, and Landscape" Prentice Hall; 2nd edition, ISBN 0-13-088230-5
* Stanley A. Schumm, Jean F. Dumont and John M. Holbrook (2002) "Active Tectonics and Alluvial Rivers", Cambridge University Press; Reprint edition, ISBN 0-521-89058-6
*cite book |author= B.A. van der Pluijm and S. Marshak|title=Earth Structure - An Introduction to Structural Geology and Tectonics. 2nd edition [http://globalchange.umich.edu/ben/ES/earthstructure.htm] |publisher=W.W. Norton |location=New York|year=2004|pages=656|isbn=0-393-92467-X |oclc= |doi=
Pacific Northwest Seismic Network
* [http://www.tectonic-forces.org The Origin and the Mechanics of the Forces Responsible for Tectonic Plate Movements]
* [http://www.scotese.com/ The Paleomap Project]
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