A dissident, broadly defined, is a person who actively challenges an established doctrine, policy, or institution. When dissidents unite for a common cause they often effect a dissident movement.

The noun was first used in the political sense in 1940, with the rise of such authoritarian systems as the Soviet Union.[1][2]


Eastern bloc dissidents

The term dissident was used in the Eastern bloc, particularly in the Soviet Union, in the period following Joseph Stalin's death until the fall of communism. It was attached to citizens who criticized the practices or the authority of the Communist Party. The people who used to write and distribute non-censored, non-conformist samizdat literature were criticized in the official newspapers. Soon, many of those who were dissatisfied with the Soviet Bloc began to self-identify as dissidents.[3] This radically changed the meaning of the term: instead of being used in reference to an individual who opposes society, it came to refer to an individual whose non-conformism was perceived to be for the good of a society.[4][5][6] An important element of dissident activity in Soviet Russia was informing society (both inside the Soviet Union and in foreign countries) about violation of laws and human rights: see Chronicle of Current Events (samizdat) and Moscow Helsinki Group.

Republican dissidents in the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland

The term dissident has become the primary term to describe Irish republicans who politically continue to oppose Good Friday Agreement of 1998 and reject the outcome of the referendums on it. These political parties also have paramilitary wings which espouse violent methods to achieve a United Ireland.

Irish republican dissident groups include the Irish Republican Socialist Party (founded in 1974 – its currently-inactive paramilitary wing is the Irish National Liberation Army), Republican Sinn Féin (founded in 1986 – its paramilitary wing is the Continuity IRA), and the 32 County Sovereignty Movement (founded in 1997 – its paramilitary wing is the Real IRA). In 2006 the Óglaigh na hÉireann emerged, which is a splinter group of the Continuity IRA.[7]

See also


External links

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Dissident — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda «Dissident» Sencillo de Pearl Jam del álbum Vs Lado B « Release (En vivo) / Rearviewmirror (En vivo) / Even Flow (En vivo) / Dissident (En vivo) / Why Go (En vivo) / Deep (En vivo)» …   Wikipedia Español

  • dissident — dissident, ente [ disidɑ̃, ɑ̃t ] adj. • 1539, rare av. 1752; lat. dissidens, de dissedere « être en désaccord » ♦ Qui est en dissidence, qui fait partie d une dissidence. ⇒ hérétique, hétérodoxe, non conformiste, opposé, rebelle, révolté,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Dissident — Sm Abweichender, Andersdenker per. Wortschatz fach. (16. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus l. dissidēns ( entis), dem PPräs. von l. dissidēre getrennt sein, anders denken, eigentlich voneinander getrennt sitzen , zu l. sedēre (sessum) sitzen und l.… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • Dissident — Dis si*dent, a. [L. dissidens, entis, p. pr. of dissidere to sit apart, to disagree; dis + sedere to sit: cf. F. dissident. See {Sit}.] No agreeing; dissenting; discordant; different. [1913 Webster] Our life and manners be dissident from theirs.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Dissident — Dis si*dent, n. (Eccl.) One who disagrees or dissents; one who separates from the established religion. [1913 Webster] The dissident, habituated and taught to think of his dissidenc? as a laudable and necessary opposition to ecclesiastical… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • dissident — dissident, ente (di ssi dan, dan t ) adj. 1°   Qui est en dissidence sur un point de doctrine avec le plus grand nombre, ou avec une église officielle. Secte, faction dissidente. 2°   Substantivement. Les presbytériens sont des dissidents en… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • dissident — [adj] disagreeing, differing discordant, dissentient, dissenting, heretical, heterodox, nonconformist, schismatic, sectarian, unorthodox; concept 403 Ant. agreeing, conforming dissident [n] person who holds different belief agitator, dissenter,… …   New thesaurus

  • dissident — [dis′ədənt] adj. [L dissidens: see DISSIDENCE] not agreeing; dissenting n. a dissident person; dissenter dissidently adv …   English World dictionary

  • dissident — I adjective antagonistic, at odds with, at variance with, challenging, clashing, contrary, differing, disagreeing, discontented, discordant, discrepant, disinclined, disobedient, dissatisfied, dissentient, dissenting, dissentious, divergent,… …   Law dictionary

  • dissident — DISSIDENT, s. m. se dit Des sectaires qui ne sont pas de la religion dominante. Les Dissidens de Pologne. Les Presbitériens sont des Dissidens en Angleterre …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • dissident — • dissident, överlöpare, desertör, förrädare …   Svensk synonymlexikon

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