- Audio/modem riser
The audio/modem riser, also known as an AMR slot, is an
expansion slotfound on the motherboardsof some PentiumIII, Pentium 4, and Athlon personal computers. It was designed by Intelto interface with chipsets and provide analog functionality, such as sound cards and modems, on an expansion card.
One of the design goals of Intel for AMR was to allow
motherboardmanufacturers a way to implement analog I/O (audio and modem functionality) on an expansion card for FCCcertification. Potential cost-savings could then be realized by reusing the card on multiple motherboards and skipping FCC certification for those motherboards.
Physically, it has two rows of 23 pins, making 46 pins total. Three drawbacks of AMR are that it eliminates one PCI slot, it is not
plug and play, and it does not allow for hardware accelerated cards (only software-based).
Technologically, it has been superseded by the
Advanced Communications Riser(ACR) and Intel's own Communications and Networking Riser(CNR). However, riser technologies in general never really took off. Modems generally remained as PCI cards while audio interfaces were integrated on to motherboards.
Recently motherboard manufacturer
Asrockhas resurrected this concept, introducing the High Definition Multimedia Riser(HDMR) slot on most of its motherboards. Little information is available, but drivers on the Asrock website indicate the existence of V.92 modem cards for this standard. It is not clear how HDMR differs from AMR, if indeed at all.
Advanced Communications Riser(ACR), a 3rd party solution
Communications and Networking Riser(CNR), which replaced AMR
GeoPort, a similar standard for the Apple Macintosh
* [http://www.computer-info.co.uk/tutorials/hw/motherboard/motherboard/amr.htm More info on AMR]
* [http://www.asrock.com/mb/from.asp?Model=P4VM890&s=&T=D&ID=307 Driver download page for HDMR drivers for the
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