- Néel temperature
The Néel temperature or magnetic ordering temperature , TN, is the temperature above which an antiferromagnetic material becomes paramagnetic—that is, the thermal energy becomes large enough to destroy the macroscopic magnetic ordering within the material.
The Néel temperature is analogous to the Curie temperature, TC, for ferromagnetic materials. It is named after Louis Néel (1904–2000), who received the 1970 Nobel prize in physics for his work in the area.
Listed below are the Néel temperatures of several materials:
substance Néel temperature, in Kelvin MnO 116 MnS 160 MnTe 307 MnF2 67 FeF2 79 FeCl2 24 FeO 198 CoCl2 25 CoO 291 NiCl2 50 NiO 525 Cr 308
- ^ Kittel, Charles (2005). Introduction to Solid State Physics (8th ed.). New York: John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 0471680575.
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