- Oria, Italy
img_coa = Oria-stemma.png
official_name = Comune di Oria
province = Brindisi (BR)
elevation_m = 83
area_total_km2 = 83
december 31, 2004
population_total = 15414
population_density_km2 = 184
timezone = CET, UTC+1
coordinates = coord|40|30|N|17|38|E|region:IT-BR
telephone = 0831
postalcode = 72024
gentilic = Oritani
Barsanuphius of Palestine
website = [http://www.comune.oria.br.it Comune di Oria]
Oria (or "Orra", _gr. Hyria, Uria) is a town in the
Apuliaregion, in the province of Brindisi, in southern Italy.
In classical times, Oria was known as "
Hyria( Uria)" or "Hyrium", a city in ancient Messapiaand one of the principal Messapian cities. It was located just north of the ancient town Manduria, at some distance southwest of Brundisium, and southeast of Taras/Tarentum; corresponding to the location of the modern town.According to Herodotus(7.170), it was founded by the Messapians (who according to Herodotus were originally Cretans) sometime after the abortive siege of the Sicanian city Camicus. Between 217 and 84 BC the city was minting its own coins. The coins often feature " Iapagus", the Iapygian national hero.
Hyria was conquered by the Romans. It was destroyed in AD 924 and 977. In 1266, Oria was besieged by
Manfred of Sicily.
Oria had one of the oldest
Jewishcommunities in Europe. Jewish scholarship in Oria included the study of philosophy, the Talmud, languages such as Greek and Latin, and medicineand natural sciences. It was home to Shabbethai Donnolo, one of the first Hebrewwriters who was native to Europe.
Ten scholars in the community were killed when
Arabsunder Abu Ahmad Ja'far ibn 'Ubaidconquered Oria in 925. This was the beginning of the end of Jewish presence in Oria; the last relicwas an epitathproduced in 1035. It is likely, however, that Jews were living in Oria until the fifteen century.
People from Oria
Jewish scholar and writer
Shabbethai Donnolowas born in Oria in 913.
The neoclassisictic writer
Francesco Miliziawas born in Oria in 1725.
* [http://www.visitoria.com/sito_eng/ Official Oria tourist site]
* [http://www.borgodioria.it/ Oria apartments for rent]
* [http://www.casapuglia.com/property_listing_villas.htm Villas Oria]
* [http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/view.jsp?artid=126&letter=O&search=oria Jewish Encyclopedia entry on Oria]
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