Martha Griffiths

Martha Griffiths
Martha Griffiths, Washington, D.C. 1970. U.S. News & World Report Magazine Photograph Collection, Library of Congress

Martha Wright Griffiths (January 29, 1912 – April 22, 2003) was an American lawyer and judge before being elected to the United States House of Representatives in 1954. Griffiths was the first woman to serve on the powerful House Committee on Ways and Means and the first woman elected to the United States Congress from Michigan as a member of the Democratic Party. She was also the person most responsible for including the prohibition of sex discrimination under Title VII in the Civil Rights Act of 1964. In 1982, Griffiths was also the first female elected as Lieutenant Governor of Michigan. Matilda Dodge Wilson was appointed the first female Lieutenant Governor of Michigan in 1939.

Martha Edna Wright was born in Pierce City, Missouri. She attended public schools, and went on to graduate with a B.A. from the University of Missouri in 1934. She choose to continue her education by studying law and graduated from the University of Michigan Law School in 1940. She married Hicks George Griffiths (b. 1910), a lawyer and a judge as well as chairman of the Michigan Democratic Party from 1949–1950.

She worked as a lawyer in private practice then in the legal department of the American Automobile Insurance Co. in Detroit from 1941–1942 and then as the Ordnance District contract negotiator from 1942-1946. She was elected to the Michigan House of Representatives, serving from 1949 to 1953. In 1953, she was appointed as recorder and judge of the Recorder's Court in Detroit and sat as judge from 1953–1954--the first woman to do so.

In 1954, Griffiths was elected as a Democrat from Michigan's 17th congressional district to the 84th Congress and was subsequently re-elected to the nine following Congresses, serving from January 3, 1955 to December 31, 1974 in the U.S. House. She sat as a delegate at the Democratic National Convention in 1956 as well as in 1968. She was not a candidate for re-election to the 94th Congress in 1974. During her time in Congress, Griffiths sponsored the Equal Rights Amendment, one of only a few proposed amendments to pass in Congress and be sent to the states for ratification.

After her congressional service, Griffiths returned to the practice of law and then served as the 57th Lieutenant Governor of Michigan from 1983 to 1991 on the ticket of Governor James Blanchard. She was inducted into the Michigan Women's Hall of Fame in 1983 and to the National Women's Hall of Fame a decade later in 1993. She retired to her home in Armada, Michigan, where she lived until her death in 2003.


United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
Charles G. Oakman
United States Representative for the 17th Congressional District of Michigan
Succeeded by
William M. Brodhead
Political offices
Preceded by
James H. Brickley
Lieutenant Governor of Michigan
Succeeded by
Connie Binsfeld

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно сделать НИР?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Martha Griffiths — Martha W. Griffiths (1970) Martha Wright Griffiths (* 29. Januar 1912 als Martha Edna Wright in Pierce City, Lawrence County, Missouri; † 22. April 2003 in Amarda, Michigan) war eine US amerikanische Politikerin und von 1983 bis 1991 Viz …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Martha W. Griffiths — Martha Wright Griffiths (* 29. Januar 1912 als Martha Edna Wright in Pierce City, Missouri; † 22. April 2003 in Amarda, Michigan) war eine US amerikanische Politikerin und war 1983 bis 1991 Vizegouverneurin von Michigan. Sie studierte an der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Griffiths — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Adam Griffiths (* 1979), australischer Fußballspieler Ambrose Griffiths (1928–2011), britischer römisch katholischer Bischof Bede Griffiths (* 1906–1993), britischer Mystiker Brent Griffiths (* 1990),… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Martha Gellhorn — and Ernest Hemingway with unidentified Chinese military officers, Chungking, China, 1941. Born 8 November 1908(1908 11 08) St. Louis, Missouri USA …   Wikipedia

  • Griffiths, Martha Edna Wright — ▪ 2004       American politician and women s rights advocate (b. Jan. 29, 1912, Pierce City, Mo. d. April 22, 2003, Armada, Mich.), successfully lobbied to include women on the list of those protected by the 1964 Civil Rights Act and nearly made… …   Universalium

  • Jane Griffiths (politician) — Infobox MP honorific prefix = name = Jane Griffiths honorific suffix =MP constituency MP = Reading East parliament = majority = predecessor = Gerard Vaughan successor = Rob Wilson term start = May 1, 1997 term end = April 11, 2005 birth date =… …   Wikipedia

  • 93rd United States Congress — United States Capitol (2002) Duration: January 3, 1973 – January 3, 1975 Senate President: Spiro Agnew (until October 10, 1973) Gerald Ford (Dec 6, 1973 to Aug …   Wikipedia

  • 1972 Democratic National Convention — Infobox National Political Convention year = 1972 party = Democratic date = July 10 July 13 venue = Miami Beach Convention Center city = Miami Beach, Florida presidential nominee = George McGovern presidential nominee state = South Dakota vice… …   Wikipedia

  • Gerald Ford — This article is about the U.S. President. For other uses, see Gerald Ford (disambiguation). Gerald Ford 38th President of the United States …   Wikipedia

  • Civil Rights Act of 1964 — Full title An act to enforce the constitutional right to vote, to confer jurisdiction upon the district courts of the United States of America to provide relief against discrimination in public accommodations, to authorize the Attorney General to …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”