- Kilic Ali Pasha Complex
, who at the time was in his 90s.
It is located in the Tophane district of
Istanbul, Turkey. It is named after Kılıç Ali Paşa.
It consists of a
mosque, a medrese, a hamam, a türbe, and a fountain. Originally, it had been on the coastline, but since the sea in front of it has been filled again, it is now surrounded by other buildings. The complex was built on the orders of the Kaptan-ı Derya(Chief Captain of the Ottoman Navy) Kılıç Ali Paşa. When the Paşa was told to build the complex on the sea for being the Chief Captain, he had the mosque built on the land reclaimed from the sea. The mosque of the complex is evaluated as a smaller version of Hagia Sophia. Citation
title= The Heritage of A Sailor
url=] cite book
last = Bayrak
first = M. Orhan
title = Türkiye Tarihi Yerler Kılavuzu
publisher = İnkılâp Kitabevi
date = 1994
location = İstanbul
pages = 326-327
isbn = 9751007054] cite book
last = Sumner-Boyd
first = Hilary
coauthors = Freely, John
title = Strolling Through Istanbul: A Guide to the City
publisher = SEV Matbaacılık
date = 1994
edition = 6
location = İstanbul
pages = 450-451
isbn = 9758176447]
An inscription at the outer entrance of the complex is dated 988 in the
Hijri(Islamic) calendar ( 1580in Gregorian calendar) and has a 4-verse poem in jeli diwanicalligraphic script in Ottoman Turkish by poet Ulvi and written by calligrapher Demircikulu Yusuf:
Mir-i bahr â'nı Kılıç Ali Paşa, kaputanı zaman
Yaptı çün bu camii ola yeri Darüsselâm
Hatifi kudsî görüp Ulvi dedi tarihini
Ehl-i imana ibadetgâh olsun bu makam
All three doors of the
courtyardare ornamented. The courtyard also has a marble fountainfor ablution before prayer with eight columns and a dome. The outer porch has a sloping roof supported by twelve columns on the west façadeand three on each side, all with rhombus-shaped capitals. In the center is a marble portal.
At the outer courtyard in the graveyard stands an
octagonal türbewith a dome also made by Mimar Sinan. It's wooden doors are inlaid with mother-of-pearl. Kılıç Ali Paşa's tomb lies inside the türbe.
The medrese, opposite the southeast corner of the mosque, is almost square. This structure might not be constructed by Mimar Sinan as it is not in the official list of his works, the "Tazkirat-al-Abniya".
To the right of the mosque is the hamam, of which the construction was completed in
1583. The glass doors lead into two separate "soğukluks" (cool rooms) that are placed on either sides of the "hararet" (caldarium-hot room) which is hexagonal in plan with open bathing places in four of its six arched recesses, the other two opening to the soğukluks. Tha placement of the soğukluks and the plan of the hararet differ from the usual application carried out by Sinan in his other extant hamams.
domeof the mosque is convert|12.70|m|ft in diameter, carried on pendentives on granitepiers and two half-domes on the Qiblaaxis. Towards the entrance, on two sides, there is a a two-story gallery. The dome is placed at the center with two exedrae similar to a Byzantine basilica, thus the resemblance to Hagia Sophia.
Above the prayer hall are five small domes carried on six marble columns. The tile panels placed high in the prayer hall are inscribed with ayats (verses) from the
Quran. The mosque has only one minaretwith one gallery. There are 247 windows including the 24 of the central dome. The mihrabis in a square projecting apse.
CommunistTurkish politician and researcher Rasih Nuri İlericlaimed during his examination of the complex's foundation documents that Spanish writer Miguel de Cervanteswas a forced worker at the construction of the complex during his enslavement, like the Captive character in his novel Don Quixote.
Timeline of Islamic history
List of mosques
* [http://www.constantinopleguide.com/Sinan's%20Works.html Kilic Ali Pasha Mosque]
* [http://rubens.anu.edu.au/raid5/turkey/istanbul/mosques/kilic_ali_pasha_camii/interior/panoramas/ Interior pictures of Kilic Ali Pasha Mosque]
* [http://www.cekulvakfi.org.tr/icerik/icerik.asp?sayfaID=128 a map and a short guide for Sinan's works in Istanbul(in Turkish)]
* [http://newmanservices.com/turkey/slideshow.asp?kilic Outside exterior photos of Kilic Ali Pasha Mosque]
* [http://www.sinanasaygi.com/en/eserler.asp?action=eserDetay&ID=100 Kilic Ali Pasha Mosque]
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