Lee Jong-wook

Lee Jong-wook

Infobox_President | name=Lee Jong-wook
nationality=South Korean

order=6th Director-General of World Health Organization
predecessor=Gro Harlem Brundtland
successor=Anders Nordström
birth_date=birth date|1945|4|12|df=y
birth_place= Seoul, South Korea
death_date= death date and age|2006|5|22|1945|4|12|mf=y (stroke)
death_place= Geneva, Switzerland
Infobox Korean name
title= Korean name
rr=I Jong-uk
mr=Yi Chong-uk
Lee Jong-wook (1945–2006) was the Director-General of the World Health Organization for three years.

He was born 12 April 1945 in Seoul, South Korea. Lee obtained a medical degree from Seoul National University, then enrolled at the University of Hawaii to study public health, earning a Master's degree. He joined the WHO in 1983, working on a variety of projects including the Global Programme for Vaccines and Immunizations and Stop Tuberculosis. He began his term as Director-General of WHO on 21 July 2003, having been elected two months before. He was the first Korean to lead an international agency. He died on 22 May 2006 - while in office - in Geneva, Switzerland, following surgery for a blood clot on his brain (a subdural hematoma). [NYT W.H.O. Chief Undergoes Emergency Brain Surgery 2006-05-22 http://www.nytimes.com/2006/05/22/world/asia/22health.html?_r=1&oref=slogin] He was posthumously awarded the Hibiscus Cordon (Grand Cross) of the Order of Civil Merit by the South Korean government.

In 2004, he was one of the 100 people who shapes our lives and most powerful people in the world by Time Magazine. [ [http://www.time.com/time/subscriber/2004/time100/scientists/100wook.html TIME Magazine: TIME 100: Jong-Wook Lee ] ]


He is the third son in a family of six children; he has three brothers and two sisters. Two brothers are professors. His wife is Reiko Kaburaki Lee and the couple has one son, Tadahiro Lee. [ [http://www.nndb.com/people/916/000117565/ Lee Jong-Wook ] ] His name is Lee ChungHo in Korean.Reiko continues to volunteer in Peru helping poor women and children. [Mr.Lee's dowager, Reiko "故 이종욱 전 WHO총장 미망인 레이코 여사" 2006-11-13 http://news.mk.co.kr/newsRead.php?no=483129&year=2006]

Medical volunteer work

Lee took care of leprosy patients in Anyang, South Korea when he was studying medicine. There were few medical facilities set up at the time and he worked in a volunteer capacity.

He met and later married Kaburaki Reiko, a Japanese woman who visited Korea in order to help out there. [Emperor of Vaccines Busan Ilbo (KOR) 2006-05-24 http://www.busanilbo.com/news2000/html/2006/0524/040020060524.1030111037.html]

In 1981, Lee and his wife went together to American Samoa to help the poor. [Funeral of Dr. Lee on 24th, Ministry of Health of Republic of Korea(KOR) 2006-05-24 http://news.naver.com/main/read.nhn?mode=LPOD&mid=etc&oid=176&aid=0000000130 ] In Samoa, he worked in the Lyndon B. Johnson tropical medical center from June 26, 1981 to May 26, 1983. [We do not forget Dr. Lee from Samoa Ohmynews 2006.05.28 http://www.ohmynews.com/NWS_Web/View/at_pg.aspx?CNTN_CD=A0000334474] He was known as the "Schweitzer of Asia".

WHO career

He worked at the World Health Organisation (WHO), at country, regional and headquarter levels for 23 years. [In Memoriam Lee Jong-wook2006-05-24http://www.iaea.org/NewsCenter/News/2003/memoriam_jong-wook.html] His work in WHO started in 1983 when he worked with leprosy in Fiji.

He started his work as an advisor on leprosy, and later also treated tuberculosis and promoted the vaccination of children against preventable diseases. [Obituary: Dr Lee Jong-wook 2006-05-22 BBC http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/5005540.stm]

In 1994, Lee moved to Geneva to work at WHO headquarters as chief in prevention and vaccines. In 1995, he was nicknamed Vaccine Czar according to Scientific American. [<<옳다고 생각하면 행동하라>> p.200 written by Kwon Joon Wook]

* 1983-2006 : Staff of WHO
* 1994-98 : Director in Global Programme for Vaccines and Immunization, and Executive Secretary, Children's Vaccine Initiative
* 1998-99 : Senior Policy Adviser to 5th General, Gro Harlem Brundtland
* 1999-2000 : Special Representative of the Director-General
* 2003-2006 : Director-General of WHO [Dr Lee Jong-WookWHO director-general who led global campaigns against Sars, Aids, malaria and bird flu 2006-05-24http://www.independent.co.uk/news/obituaries/dr-lee-jongwook-479449.html]

Director General

He had said that global efforts to control the HIV/AIDS pandemic would be the right course that would give meaning to his tenure as director-general of the agency. [WHO chief dies after blood clot BBC 2006-05-22 http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/5003930.stm]

The 3 by 5 policy which was the basic idea of Dr. Lee was largely criticized by many concerned people. Many, including Joep Lange, the president of the International Aids Society, had a comment that the project was “totally unrealistic”. Médecins sans Frontières, also expressed similar reservations toward Lee's plan. [TimesOnline 2006-05-23"Lee Jong Wook"WHO head who led the fight against Aids and bird flu http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/comment/obituaries/article723768.ece]

He worked tirelessly, visiting 60 countries in the three years of his Generalship including Darfur, Sudan, sites of the Indian Ocean tsunami, Madagascar, Mauritius. [The Independent http://www.independent.co.uk/news/obituaries/dr-lee-jongwook-479449.html 2006-05-24] He was famed as a "man of action" during this time. His adventurous spirit led him to "experience more, see more, and do more," said his son Tadahiro. [Official page of WHO ihttp://www.who.int/mediacentre/news/notes/2006/np12/en/index.html]

After his death, several people expressed deep grief. Secretary General of United Nations at that time, Kofi Annan mentioned cquote|The world has lost a great man today. He was a strong voice for the right of every man, woman, and child to health prevention and care, and advocated on behalf of the very poorest people. [Dr. Lee Jong Wook -- WHO chief, enabled AIDS care for the poor SFGate of San Francisco http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?f=/c/a/2006/05/23/BAGRJJ0GH11.DTL&type=health]

President George W. Bush of United States said cquote|Dr. Lee worked tirelessly to improve the health of millions of people, from combating tuberculosis and HIV/AIDS to his aggressive efforts to eradicate polio. He provided tremendous leadership to the international community as it confronted the challenges of the 21st century, including the threat of an influenza pandemic. Dr. Lee's outreach to world leaders and entities increased awareness of potentially devastating public health dangers. [Official page of White House http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2006/05/20060522-2.html]

Memorial award

The South Korean government officially announced the establishment of the a Memorial Prize in Dr. Lee's memory. After his death, You Si min, the Minister of Sanitation & Health of the Republic of Korea, officially revealed the plans concerning the new awards and urged other nations and persons concerned to participate at a meeting of WHO in 2007. [You si min, going to organize awards memorizing Dr. Lee "유시민 복지 "고 이종욱 총장 기념상 만들겠다" " 2007-05-16 http://mbn.mk.co.kr/news/newsRead.php?vodCode=211296&category=mbn00008 ] Mr.Lee Sung-joo, who is permanent representative of the Republic of Korea, spoke of the award in Dr. Lee's memory to motivate and inspire young leaders aspiring to be the next Dr. Lee Jong-wook. ["Tribute to Dr Lee Jong-wook" http://www.who.int/mediacentre/events/2007/wha60/tribute_lee/en/index.html]

Starting in 2009, the awards would be given for mainly the two fields "Young Leadership" and "Contributor of health management" (especially for epidemics) at the annual assembly of World Health Organization which takes place in May each year. [Arirang TV New Award to Honor Late WHO Chief Lee Jongwook 2007-05-14 http://www.arirangtv.com/News/News_View.asp?code=Ne6&nseq=71148]

ee also

*List of Korea-related topics


External links

* [http://www.who.int/dg/lee/en/index.html WHO biography]
* [http://www.who.int/mediacentre/news/statements/2006/s07/en/ WHO statement on the death of Lee Jong-wook]
* [http://www.un.org/Pubs/chronicle/2003/webArticles/052703_who_elected.html Dr. Lee Jong-wook elected Director-General] - International Chronicle

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  • Lee Jong-Wook — Lee Jong Wook (12 avril 1945 22 mai 2006) fut le sixième directeur général de l OMS. Il était né le 12 avril 1945 à Séoul en Corée du Sud. Il a obtenu son diplôme de docteur en médecine à l Université nationale …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Lee Jong Wook — Lee Jong Wook (12 avril 1945 22 mai 2006) fut le sixième directeur général de l OMS. Il était né le 12 avril 1945 à Séoul en Corée du Sud. Il a obtenu son diplôme de docteur en médecine à l Université nationale …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Lee jong-wook — Lee Jong Wook (12 avril 1945 22 mai 2006) fut le sixième directeur général de l OMS. Il était né le 12 avril 1945 à Séoul en Corée du Sud. Il a obtenu son diplôme de docteur en médecine à l Université nationale …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Lee Jong Wook — Koreanische Schreibweise Siehe auch: Koreanischer Name Hangeul: 이종욱 Hanja: 李鍾郁 Revidiert: I Jong uk McCune R.: I …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lee Jong-wook — Éste es un nombre coreano; el apellido es Lee. Lee Jong wook. I Jong uk Hangul: 이종욱 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Lee Jong-wook — Koreanische Schreibweise Siehe auch: Koreanischer Name Koreanisches Alphabet: 이종욱 Chinesische Schriftzeichen: 李鍾郁 Revidierte Romanisierung: I Jong uk …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lee Jong-wook — Dans ce nom coréen, le nom de famille, Lee, précède le prénom. Lee Jong wook Lee Jong wook (12 avril 1945 22 mai 2006) fut le sixième directeur général de l OMS. Biographie Il est né …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Lee Jong Wook — ▪ 2007  South Korean epidemiologist and public health expert (b. April 12, 1945, Seoul, Korea [now in South Korea] d. May 22, 2006, Geneva, Switz.), became director general of the World Health Organization (WHO) in 2003 and during his tenure… …   Universalium

  • Lee Jong-Wook (baseball) — est un nom coréen ; le nom de famille, Lee, précède donc le prénom. Pour les articles homonymes, voir Lee Jong Wook …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Lee Jong-wook (baseball) — Dans ce nom coréen, le nom de famille, Lee, précède le prénom. Pour les articles homonymes, voir Lee Jong Wook. Lee Jong wook …   Wikipédia en Français

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