- Homer City Generating Station
Infobox Power Station
station_name=Homer City Generating Station
Center Township, Indiana County, Pennsylvania
mine_type=Local Pennsylvania, or Western Pennsylvania Pittsburgh seam
cooling_water=Two Lick Reservoir,
Two Lick Creek, and Blacklick Creek
commissioned=Units 1, 2: 1969; Unit 3 1977
Homer City Generating Station is a 2-GW coal-burning power station near
Homer City, in Indiana County, Pennsylvania, USA. It is owned by Edison Internationaland operated by its subsidiary Midwest Generation. Units 1 and 2, rated at 660 MWe, were launched into operation in 1969. Unit 3, rated at 692 MWe nameplate capacity, was launched in 1977. [cite web
title = Existing Electric Generating Units in the United States, 2006
Energy Information Administration, U.S. Department of Energy
year = 2006
url = http://www.eia.doe.gov/cneaf/electricity/page/capacity/capacity.html
format = Excel
accessdate = 2008-07-14] It employs about 260 people (75% union workers), and generates enough electricity to supply two million
title = Homer City Generating Station
year = 2005
url = http://www.edison.com/files/2005_factsheet_homercity.pdf
accessdate = 2008-08-02]
The station is located in
Center Township, Indiana County, Pennsylvania, occupying approximately convert|2400|acre|km2. The site also includes the convert|1800|acre|km2|adj=on Two Lick Reservoir, a water conservation facility which is operated by the station.
As of 2005, bituminous coal was delivered to the Homer City Generating Station by truck. Units 1 and 2 burned local Pennsylvania coal (that is cleaned on site in a coal cleaning plant) or Western Pennsylvania Pittsburgh seam coal. A
flue gas desulfurizationunit (scrubber) was added to Unit 3 which allows the unit to burn local coal. But now with diminishing local coal and mines to support it, they have reopened the train track that runs through Indiana University of Pennsylvaniaand now supplies are brought in by train.Fact|date=January 2008
Boiler water make up, condenser cooling water and potable water is taken from Two Lick Creek, processed throughvarious pretreatment facilities, used and discharged through various environmental treatment facilities and returned to
Two Lick Creekand Blacklick Creek.
This plant is a major
polluter, ranking highly both nationally and within the state, recently releasing convert|8500000|lb|metric ton of toxicchemicals according to the " Pittsburgh Post Gazette". Pennsylvania has ranked it the #2 polluter in the state. Homer City Generating Station releases huge amounts of mercury, sulfur dioxide, carbon dioxide, and other toxic or damaging chemicals. A scrubberwas added in 1998which reduced mercury output.
* In 1998, Homer City Generating Station produced a total (air and other) of convert|2963|lb|kg of mercury according to the
Environmental Working Group.
* In 2002, one source (cleartheair.org) claims its air output of mercury was convert|545|lb|kg.
* For 2003 another source (
Environment Maine Research and Policy Center) claims it produced convert|665|lb|kg of mercury air pollution.
Sulfur dioxide (SO2) pollution
* In 1995, Homer City put out convert|127383|lb|metric ton of SO2.
* In 2003, Homer City put out convert|151262|lb|metric ton of SO2 and was ranked SO2 polluter #4 in the nation.
elenium in wastewater discharges
Department of Environmental Protection(DEP) has fined the owners of the Homer City electricity generating station, EME Homer City Generation LP, $200,000 for violating the Pennsylvania Clean Streams Law. The station exceeded its permitted effluent standards for selenium, total suspended solids, and biochemical oxygen demand in its wastewaterdischarges, and allowed unpermitted discharges of stormwaterassociated with its flue gas desulfurizationscrubbers. "The facility has exceeded the effluent standards of its permit numerous times between December 2001 and the present, and this pattern of violations has to be addressed," DEP Southwest Regional Director Kenneth Bowman was quoted saying. [cite web
title = DEP fines Homer City generating station $200,000 for selenium discharges
publisher = Commonwealth of Pennsylvania
year = 2007
date = July 13, 2007
url = http://www.state.pa.us/papower/cwp/view.asp?A=11&Q=465447
accessdate = 2008-08-02]
Carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions
In 2003, Homer City put out convert|14000000|lb|metric ton of CO2 and was ranked CO2 emitter #28 in the nation.
According to Public Citizen: "The plant ranks #33 in the nation for total CO2 emissions, contributing 13,745,174 tonsdubious of the pollutant primarily responsible for global warming to our atmosphere."
The plant's Unit 3 has a 371 metre (1,217 ft.) tall
chimney, which was built in 1977. This chimney is currently the third tallest chimney in the world, and the tallest in the United States. On clear days, it is possible to spot the chimney from as far south as Greensburg, Pennsylvania. Also on clear days, you can see the Pittsburgh Airport, which is 50 miles away.Fact|date=January 2008
List of chimneys
List of towers
List of tallest freestanding structures in the world
* [http://www.theoec.org/pdfs/pressrelease/hottopics_pr_ctapotr.pdf 2005 toxic output numbers]
* [http://www.whitehouseforsale.org/documents/dirtiest_plants2.pdf Dirtiest Plants 2003]
* [http://www.post-gazette.com/pg/05132/503228.stm Post Gazette article]
* [http://www.ewg.org/reports_content/mercuryfalling/MercuryFalling.pdf Environmental Working Group article Mercury Falling]
* [http://www.pittsburghlive.com/x/pittsburghtrib/s_103122.html Pennsylvania plant rankings]
* [http://www.citizen.org/cmep/energy_enviro_nuclear/electricity/deregulation/articles.cfm?ID=4177 Public Citizen mention of pollution from Homer City power plant]
* [http://www.maine.com/editions/2005-09-15/images/1126280354.pdf Survey of major mercury polluters in USA]
* [http://pa.lwv.org/indiana/pa_rep/index.htm Mention of Homer City scrubber]
* [http://www.skyscraperpage.com/diagrams/?b4779 Diagram of Unit 3 - Skyscraper Page]
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