- University of Hong Kong
name = University of Hong Kong
native_name = 香港大學
caption = Shield of The University of Hong Kong
motto = "Sapientia Et Virtus" (
Classical Chinese) [ The Great Learning]
mottoeng = Wisdom and Virtue
established = 1911 [as The University of Hong Kong]
type = Public
chancellor = Sir
city = |location =
Pokfulam, Hong Kong
students = 21,508 (total)
postgrad = 9,924
colours = Green color box|#008000
affiliations = ASAIHL,
Universitas 21, ACU
website = [http://www.hku.hk www.hku.hk] Chinese|t=香港大學|s=香港大学|j=hoeng1 gong2 daai6 hok6|p=Xiānggǎng Dàxué
The University of Hong Kong (commonly abbreviated as HKU) is the oldest
tertiary institutionin Hong Kong. Its motto is "Sapientia et Virtus" in Latin, meaning "wisdom and virtue", and " _zh. 明德格物" in Chinese. The official language of instruction is English.
According to the Times Higher Education Supplement 2008 World University Rankings, HKU is ranked 26th in the world, 3rd in Asia and 1st in People's Republic of China (PRC). HKU was also included in the 2006
Newsweekrankings of the Top 100 Global Universities.
The University of Hong Kong traces its origin to the former
Hong Kong College of Medicine for Chinese, founded by the London Missionary Societyin 1887. Based on the founding date of 1887, the University is arguably the oldest modern university in China beating Nanjing University (founded 1888) by a year. The University itself was founded when Sir Frederick Lugard(later Lord Lugard, 1st Baron Lugard), Governor of Hong Kong, proposed to establish a university in Hong Kong. At that time, Lugard felt an urgent need to establish a university in China to compete with other Western powers, most notably Prussia, which had just opened Tongji Universityin Shanghai. Lugard laid the foundation stone of the Main Building on March 16, 1910 and hoped that the university would educate more Chinese people in British "imperial values", as opposed to those of other Western powers. The founding of the university was possible because of funding and support from the government and the business sector in southern China, which were both equally eager to learn "secrets of the West's success", referring to technological advances made since the Industrial Revolution.The University of Hong Kong opened with only a Faculty of Medicine which had evolved from the Hong Kong College of Medicine. But within a year of the official opening of the University, the Faculties of Engineering and Arts were established. On December 1916, the University held its first congregation, with just 23 graduates.
The University was founded as an all-male institution. Women students were admitted for the first time only ten years later. In 1937, the Queen Mary Hospital opened and has served as the University's teaching hospital ever since. Before the outbreak of the Second World War, there were four Faculties - Arts, Engineering, Medicine, and Science. During the Second World War, HKU was temporarily closed.
After the war, the University reopened and underwent structural developments as post-war reconstruction efforts began in earnest. The Faculty of Social Sciences was established in 1967 and the Law Department in 1969. In 1982, the Faculty of Dentistry, based at the Prince Philip Dental Hospital, was established. It remains to this day
Hong Kong's only faculty training dental professionals. In 1984, both the School of Architecture and School of Education became fully-fledged faculties, and in the same year a separate Faculty of Law was created. The Faculty of Business and Economics was established in 2001 as the University's tenth and youngest faculty.
HKU has nurtured the largest number of research postgraduate students in
Hong Kong, making up approximately 10% of the total student population. All ten faculties and departments provide teaching and supervision for research (MPhil and PhD) students with administration undertaken by the Graduate School. About 45% of the University's academic staff are recruited from overseas.
The year 2001 marked the 90th Anniversary of HKU. "Growing with Hong Kong: HKU and its Graduates - The First 90 Years" was published by the University Press in 2002 as an impact study on HKU's graduates in different fields of Hong Kong.
In January 2006, despite protest from some students and various alumni, the Faculty of Medicine was renamed as the
Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine"as a recognition of the generosity" of Mr. Li Ka Shingand his Foundation, who pledged HK$1 billion in support of the University "general development as well as research and academic activities in medicine".
Campus and history
The university's main campus covers 160,000 square metres of land on
Bonham Roadand Pok Fu Lam Roadin the Mid-levelsof Hong Kong Island. HKU buildings are some of the few remaining examples of British Colonial architecture in Hong Kong.
Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicineis situated 4.5 km southwest of the main campus, in the Southern District near Sandy Bay and Pok Fu Lam. The medical campus includes Queen Mary Hospital, the William M.W. Mong Building and research facilities. The Faculty of Dentistry is situated in the Prince Philip Dental Hospital, Sai Ying Pun.
The university also operates the Kadoorie Agricultural Research Center, which occupies 95,000 square metres of land in the
New Territories, and the Swire Institute of Marine Science at the southern tip of the d'Aguilar Peninsula on Hong Kong Island.
The oldest structure in the University of Hong Kong was sponsored by Sir
Hormusjee Naorojee Modyand designed by Architect Messrs Leigh & Orange. Constructed between 1910 and 1912, it originally comprised two courtyards in the post-renaissance style built with red brick and granite. The main elevation is articulated by four turrets with a central clock tower (a gift from Sir Paul Chaterin 1930). Two courtyards were added in the south in 1952 and one floor in the end block in 1958. It was originally used as classrooms and laboratories for the Faculty of Medicine and Engineering and is now the home of various departments within the Faculty of Arts. The central Great Hall ( Loke YewHall) is named after Mr. Loke Yew, a benefactor of the University in its early years. It became a declared monument in 1984.
Hung Hing Ying Building (孔慶熒樓)
Financed by Sir
Paul Chater, Professor G. P. Jordan and others, it was opened in 1919 by the Governor of Hong KongSir Reginald Stubbs and housed the student union. After World War II, the building was used temporarily for administrative purposes. The East Wing was added in 1960. The building was converted into the Senior Common Roomin 1974. It was named in honour of Mr Hung Hing Ying in 1986 for his family's donations to the university. The building was subsequently used again for administrative purposes, and now houses the Department of Music. This two-storey Edwardian style structure is characterised by a central dome and the use of red brick to emulate the Main Building opposite. The building was declared a monument in 1995.
Tang Chi Ngong Building (鄧志昂樓)
The idea to establish a school of Chinese was proposed between the two World Wars. Construction of the premises began in 1929 with a generous donation from Mr Tang Chi-ngong, father of the philanthropist Sir Tang Shiu-kin, after whom the building was named. It was opened by
Governor of Hong KongSir William Peel in 1931 and since then further donations have been received for the endowment of teaching Chinese language and literature. The building has been used for other purposes since the 1970s but the name remained unchanged. At present, it houses the Centre of Asian Studies. This three-storey flat-roofed structure is surfaced with Shanghai plaster and was declared a monument in 1995.
University Museum and Art Gallery
The three-storey Fung Ping Shan Museum was originally erected in 1932 as a library for Chinese books. Named after its donor, the building consists of masonry on the ground level surmounted by a two-storey red-brick structure with applied ornamental columns topped by a pediment over its entrance. Since 1962, the Chinese books collection, now known as the Fung Ping Shan Library, was transferred to the University's new Main Library and the whole building was converted into a museum for Chinese art and archaeology. Among its prized collections are ceramics, pottery and bronzes. In 1996, the lowest three floors of the new T. T. Tsui Building were added to the old building to form the University Museum and Art Gallery.
The University's Chancellor is the
Chief Executive of Hong Kong, the HonourableDonald Y. K. Tsang, GBM, JP, KBE. The Pro-Chancellor is the Honourable DrDavid Li, GBS, JP, OBE. The Vice-Chancellor is Professor Lap-Chee Tsui, the Deputy Vice Chancellor is Professor R. Y. C. Wong, and the Pro-Vice-Chancellors are Professor S. P. Chow, Professor J. H. W. Lee, Professor J. G. Malpas, Professor P. K. H. Tam and Professor A. B. M. Tsui. The academic staff population is over 800.
Professor Ian Davies was the Vice-Chancellor for two years before a worldwide search culminated in the selection of Professor Lap-Chee Tsui as the new head of the University in 2002.
Research and endowment
The University of Hong Kong is a founding member of
Universitas 21, an international consortium of research-led universities. HKU benefits from a large operating budget supplied by high levels of government funding compared to many Western countries. Since 1991, the Research Grants Council (RGC) has granted the University of Hong Kong a total of HK$893 million, the highest amount amongst all eight universities in the territory [http://www.hku.hk/about/research.html] . HKU professors were among the highest paid in the world as well, having salaries equalling or exceeding those of their U.S. counterparts in private universities. However, with the reduction of salaries in recent years, this is no longer the case.
39 academic staff from HKU are ranked among the world's top 1% of scientists by the ISI, by means of the citations recorded on their publications. [http://www.hku.hk/about/profile.html]
According to the latest profile indicators [http://www.hku.hk/about/profile.html] , the student population of the University was 21,508 in 2005–2006, comprising 11,584 undergraduates, 7,928 taught postgraduates, and 1,996 MPhil/PhD students. There were 1,278 non-local students studying at the university.
HKU attracts some of the best students in Hong Kong. For the last five years, the University has admitted around 50% of all the Hong Kong A-level Grade-A students. It accepts most of its undergraduate students from Form 7 graduates of local secondary schools through the
Joint University Programmes Admissions System[http://www.jupas.edu.hk (JUPAS)] . The University also operates an Early Admission Scheme(EAS) which allows Form 6 students with at least 6 Grade A in the HKCEE(local schools) or at least 6 A* in GCSEor IGCSE(international schools) results to join the University without sitting the Hong Kong A-Level Examination. In 2005–2006, over 50% of all students eligible to apply through the Early Admission Schemeput HKU as their first choice.
The university comprises 10 faculties and a number of non-faculty academic units, which provide study programmes and courses for students (source: http://hku.hk):
* [http://fac.arch.hku.hk/ Faculty of Architecture]
* [http://arts.hku.hk/homepage/ Faculty of Arts]
* [http://www.fbe.hku.hk/ Faculty of Business and Economics]
* [http://www.hku.hk/dental/english/index.html Faculty of Dentistry]
* [http://www.hku.hk/education/ Faculty of Education]
* [http://engg.hku.hk/home/index.htm Faculty of Engineering]
* [http://www.hku.hk/law/ Faculty of Law]
* [http://www.hku.hk/facmed/ Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine]
* [http://www.hku.hk/science/ Faculty of Science]
* [http://www.hku.hk/socsc/home.htm Faculty of Social Sciences]
The School of Professional and Continuing Education (SPACE)
SPACE was established in 1956 to provide different levels of amateur programmes on a wide range of subjects, for instance, Japanese language courses and Mandarin language courses.
SPACEruns its programmes without subsidy from the government and it has recently evolved into a community college-type institution, somewhat similar to community colleges in the US.
HKU SPACE Community College
HKU SPACE Community College was established in March 2000. It mainly provides sub-degree programmes for Form 5 or Form 7 graduates to further their studies. There are three main streams of programmes provided, they are Higher Diploma Programmes (2- or 3-year full time), Pre-Associate Degree (1-year full time) and Associate Degree (2-year full time).
[http://lib.hku.hk/ HKU Libraries] (HKUL) was established in 1912 and is the oldest academic library in Hong Kong with over 2.3 million holdings. While the total stock in physical volumes has been growing, the electronic collection has also expanded rapidly. A web-based library catalogue, [http://library.hku.hk/ DRAGON] , allows one to search HKUL's books, journals and other resources.
HKUL now comprises the [http://www.lib.hku.hk/mainlib/index.html Main Library] and six specialist branch libraries, the [http://lib.hku.hk/denlib/index.html Dental] , [http://lib.hku.hk/edulib/index.html Education] , [http://lib.hku.hk/fpslib/index.html Fung Ping Shan] (East Asian Language), [http://lib.hku.hk/medlib/index.html Yu Chun Keung Medical] , [http://lib.hku.hk/lawlib/index.html Lui Che Woo Law] and the [http://lib.hku.hk/muslib/index.html Music] Library. They are located in buildings around the campus with varying opening hours.
HKUL Digital Initiatives
[http://lib.hku.hk/database/ The HKUL Digital Initiatives] , through its digitization projects, has opened up online access to local collections originally in print format. The first HKUL Digital Initiative, ExamBase, was launched in 1996 and other projects of scholarly interests were subsequently introduced. More digital projects are being developed to provide continuous access to digital content and services.It now provides
open accessto a number of Chinese and English academic and medical periodicals published in Hong Kong.
The university provides other services to meet students' personal needs, including
*Career Education and Placement Centre
*Centre of Development and Resources for Students
*Personal Development and Counselling Centre
*Sports and Recreation Programmes/Facilities
*University Dental Service
*University Health Service
University Museum and Art Gallery(formerly Fung Ping Shan Museum)
tudent accommodation and hall education
Mostly male and female with shared room types unless specified.
* [http://www.hku.hk/stjohns/ St. John's College, The University of Hong Kong] (mixed undergraduates and mixed postgraduates, an Anglican Foundation College, single room)
* [http://www.hku.hk/morrison/ Morrison Hall] (male undergraduates and mixed postgraduates)
* [http://www.hku.hk/ricci/ Ricci Hall] (male only, run by Jesuit Fathers, single room)
* [http://www.hku.hk/hotung/ Lady Ho Tung Hall] (female only, shared room)
* [http://www.amo.gov.hk/en/monuments_56.php University Hall] (male only)
* [http://www.hku.hk/rblack/ Robert Black College] (postgraduates and visitors only)
* [http://www.hku.hk/swire/ Swire Hall]
* [http://www.hku.hk/skylee/ Simon K. Y. Lee Hall]
* [http://lhh.hku.hk/ Lee Hysan Hall]
* [http://www.hku.hk/rclhall/ R.C. Lee Hall]
* [http://www.hku.hk/weilun/ Wei Lun Hall]
* [http://www.hku.hk/shhorms/ Madam S.H. Ho Residence for Medical Students]
* [http://web.hku.hk/%7Epflac/student_residences/pokfield_road/pfr.htm Pokfield Road Residences]
* [http://www.hku.hk/gradhse/ Graduate House] (postgraduates only)
* [http://www.hku.hk/starr Starr Hall] (The largest residential hall in HKU)
* Patrick Manson Student Residences
* [http://www.hku.hk/lskhall/ Lee Shau Kee Hall]
* [http://www.hku.hk/scsweb Suen Chi Sun Hall]
* Hornell Hall (male only)
* Duchess of Kent Hall (female only)
* Lee Chi Hung Hall (co-educational)
There are two officially recognised student bodies, giving opportunities for students to participate in extracurricular activities.
The Hong Kong University Students' Union(HKUSU) principally serves the undergraduatestudents. This organisation is renowned amongst student activists, having been the main driving force behind evicting a chancellor in recent years. The [http://www.hku.hk/pgsa Postgraduate Students Association (PGSA)] represents the postgraduatestudents.
People affiliated with HKU
Being the oldest and the only university in Hong Kong for decades, the University of Hong Kong has educated many notable people. One of them was Dr Sun Yat-sen, founding president of Republican China, who was a graduate of the Hong Kong College of Medicine for Chinese, the predecessor of HKU. Over 40 principal officials, permanent secretaries, and Executive Council/Legislative Council members of the Hong Kong SAR Government are HKU graduates. HKU graduates also form the senior management teams of many large organisations in the private sector, covering many business and professional fields.
Notable alumni of the University of Hong Kong
Notable faculty members of the University of Hong Kong
Vice-Chancellors of the University of Hong Kong
tudy abroad program
In 2007, the Times Higher Education Supplement ranked the University of Hong Kong as the 18th best university in the world. Student welfare is served by several units, including the Centre of Development and Resources for Students (CEDARS), which provides guidance for most areas of student life; and University Health Service, which provides health care, referrals and preventive services. This student run organization offers more than 100 clubs and associations catering to the diverse interest of the student population.
Study abroad students will be assigned to a local student who they can correspond with prior to departure for Hong Kong. These local students assist visiting students upon arrival at the airport, assist with settling into student residence and offer advice and support during their stay. [Asia Learn University of Hong Kong http://www.asialearn.org/Universities/UnivHongKong.htm ]
To date, more than 3,000 students have participated in the exchange programmes through universities spanning 18 countries around the world with the support of the
University Grants Committee, the University of Hong Kong Foundation for Educational Development and Research, the Hongkong Bank Foundation, the UBC Alumni Association (Hong Kong), the Dr. Lee Shiu Scholarships for Hong Kong and South-East Asia Academic Exchange, Shell (Hong Kong) Limited, and the C.V. Starr Scholarship Fund and other donations. [Office of International Student Exchange http://www.hku.hk/liaison/oise/ ]
In 2003, the HKU management panel put forth a strategic development plan with the goal of placing HKU even higher among the world's best universities in the next decade or so.
The University will build a new campus, the Centennial Campus, west of the Main Campus. The construction of the Centennial Campus will begin in 2008, and will be completed by 2011.
In addition to increased academic research and development, HKU also aims to promote continuing education to the public, through improved links between the University and the School of Professional and Continuing Education (SPACE).
HKU is also trying to better its alumni and external network for financially sustainable development [http://www.hku.hk/strategic-booklet/text/chi-html.htm]
Notes and references
Hong Kong University Students' Union
Education in Hong Kong
List of higher education institutions in Hong Kong
List of buildings and structures in Hong Kong
List of oldest universities in continuous operation
* [http://www.hku.hk The University of Hong Kong Homepage]
* [http://maps.google.com/maps?ll=22.284083,114.137789&spn=0.004744,0.007237&t=k&hl=en Satellite view of the site]
* [http://hkuglossary.blogspot.com/ HKU Glossary]
* [http://hku.6dxy.com/ 3D map ]
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