name = Broadbills
image_width = 200px
phylum = Chordata
classis = Aves
familia = Eurylaimidae
subdivision_ranks = Genera
subdivision = "
Calyptomena"The broadbills are a family of small passerine birds. The "Smithornis" and "Pseudocalyptomena" species occur in tropical Africa; the rest extend from the eastern Himalayasto Sumatraand Borneo.
Broadbills are brightly coloured birds that feed on fruit and also take insects in flycatcher fashion, snapping their broad bills. They range from 13 to 28 centimetres in length, and live in the dense canopies of wet forests, allowing them to hide despite their brightly coloured plumage.cite book |editor=Forshaw, Joseph|author= McClure, H. Elliott|year=1991|title=Encyclopaedia of Animals: Birds|publisher= Merehurst Press|location=London|pages= 158-158|isbn= 1-85391-186-0]
They are generally gregarious, with many species moving about in flocks of about 20 individuals. Broadbills attach their purse-shaped nests to suspended vines, and leave a tail of fibres hanging below it. This gives the nest the appearance of being random debris caught in the tree, an effect further enhanced by the birds covering the nest with lichen and spider webs. Broadbills typically lay two to three eggs.
Sapayoawas originally classified in the group Pipridae, according to at least one author [ [http://www.journals.royalsoc.ac.uk/openurl.asp?genre=article&issn=0962-8452&volume=270&supp=2&spage=238 "Sapayoa aenigma": a New World representative of 'Old World suboscines'] ] , the genus more accurately fits the broadbill family. The four species of asities, a family endemic to Madagascar, are sometimes included in the broadbills (Prum 1993).
There are five subfamilies of broadbills.
* Subfamily: Sapyornithinae (probably better considered a distinct family)fact|date=July 2008
** Genus: "Sapayoa"
Broad-billed Sapayoa, "Sapayoa aenigma"
* Subfamily: Smithornithinae - typical African broadbills
** Genus: "
African Broadbill, "Smithornis capensis"
Gray-headed Broadbill, "Smithornis sharpei"
Rufous-sided Broadbill, "Smithornis rufolateralis"
* Subfamily: Pseudocalyptomeninae
** Genus: "Pseudocalyptomena"
Grauer's Broadbill, "Pseudocalyptomena graueri"
* Subfamily: Calyptomeninae - Asian green broadbills
** Genus: "
Green Broadbill, "Calyptomena viridis"
Hose's Broadbill, "Calyptomena hosei"
Whitehead's Broadbill"Calyptomena whiteheadi"
* Subfamily: Eurylaiminae - typical Asian broadbills
** Genus "Corydon"
Dusky Broadbill, "Corydon sumatranus"
** Genus: "Cymbirhynchus"
Black-and-red Broadbill, "Cymbirhynchus macrorhynchos"
** Genus: "
Banded Broadbill, "Eurylaimus javanicus"
Black-and-yellow Broadbill, "Eurylaimus ochromalus"
Wattled Broadbill, "Eurylaimus steerii"
Visayan Broadbill, "Eurylaimus samarensis"
** Genus: "Psarisomus"
Long-tailed Broadbill, "Psarisomus dalhousiae"
** Genus: "Serilophus"
Silver-breasted Broadbill, "Serilophus lunatus"
*Prum, R. 0. 1993. Phylogeny, biogeography, and evolution of the broadbills (Eurylaimidae) and asities (Philepittidae) based on morphology. "Auk" 110:304-324.
* [http://ibc.hbw.com/ibc/phtml/familia.phtml?idFamilia=104 Broadbill videos] on the Internet Bird Collection
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