Accident Compensation Corporation

Accident Compensation Corporation

Infobox Government agency
agency_name = Accident Compensation Corporation
nativename_r = Te Kaporeihana Āwhina Hunga Whara
logo =
logo_width = 140 px
logo_caption =

seal_width =
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formed =
preceding1 =
dissolved =
superseding =
jurisdiction = New Zealand
headquarters = Shamrock House, 81 Molesworth Street, Wellington
employees =
budget =
minister1_name = Hon. Maryan Street
minister1_pfo = Minister for ACC
minister2_name =
minister2_pfo =
chief1_name = Dr Jan White
chief1_position = Chief Executive
chief2_name =
chief2_position =
parent_agency =
child1_agency =
website =
footnotes =
The Accident Compensation Corporation ( _mi. Te Kaporeihana Āwhina Hunga Whara) is a New Zealand Crown Entity responsible for administering the Injury Prevention, Rehabilitation, and Compensation Act 2001. [ [ Injury Prevention, Rehabilitation, and Compensation Act 2001] ] The Act provides support to citizens, residents, and temporary visitors who have suffered accidental injuries.


ACC is the sole and compulsory provider of accident insurance for all work and non-work injuries. The ACC Scheme is administered on a no-fault basis, so that anyone, regardless of the way in which they incurred an injury, is eligible for cover under the Scheme. Due to the Scheme's no-fault basis, people who have suffered personal injury do not have the right to sue an at-fault party, except for exemplary damages. [see, "Donselaar v. Donselaar" [1982] 1 NZLR 97, confirmed by "Auckland City Council v. Blundell" [1986] 1 NZLR 732]

The ACC Scheme provides a range of entitlements to injured people, from contribution towards the cost of treatment, to weekly compensation for lost earnings (paid at a rate of 80% of a person's pre-injury earnings), and even home or vehicle modifications for the seriously injured. The entitlements offered by the Scheme are subject to various eligibility criteria. ACC, as a Crown Entity, is responsible to a Cabinet Minister via its Board of Directors. The current Minister responsible for ACC is Hon Maryan Street.


ACC is rooted in the 1900 "Worker's Compensation Act", which established a limited compensation scheme for workers who had suffered injuries where there was no directly responsible party.

In 1967, a Royal Commission report ('The Woodhouse Report') recommended that this compensation should be extended to all injuries on a no-fault basis. Following this report, on 1 April 1974 the Accident Compensation Commission was established, to operate the 1972 Accident Compensation Act, and the 1973 Amendments.

The Annual Report (1989/90) of the Accident Compensation Commission [Annual Report (1989/90) of the Accident Compensation Commission, p.5] proposed that the distinction between "accidents" (which is covered [see "Fenton v. Thorley" [1903] WN 149 for an old definition] ) and "illness" (which is not) should be dropped. But this proposal was not taken up. In 1992 the Accident Compensation Commission changed its name to the "Accident Compensation Corporation".

From 1 July 1999 the Fourth National government allowed private insurance operators to provide work-related accident insurance, and ACC was briefly exposed to competition. Due the election of the Fifth Labour government, this change was repealed, and as of 1 July 2000, ACC was re-instated as the sole provider of accident insurance cover.

ee also

*Tort reform


External links

* [ Accident Compensation Corporation website]

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