The term Scoto-Norman (also Scotto-Norman, Franco-Scottish or Franco-Gaelic) is used to described people, families, institutions and archaeological artifacts that are partly Scottish (in some sense) and partly Norman (in some sense). It is used to refer to people or things of Norman,
Anglo-Norman, French or even Flemish origin, but are associated with Scotlandin the Middle Ages. It is also used for any of these things when they exhibit syncretismbetween French or Anglo-French culture on the one hand, and Gaelic culture on the other.
For instance, the Kings of Scotland between the reign of David I and the Stewart period are often described as Scoto-Norman. A classic case of Gaelic and French cultural syncretism would be Lochlann, Lord of Galloway, who used both a Gaelic ("Lochlann") and French name ("Roland"), and kept followers of both languages.
Another example of a Scoto-Norman, would be
Robert the Bruce, who had a dual Norman-Gaelic heritage.
The term is by historians as an alternative to
Anglo-Normanwhen that term pertains to Scotland.
* [http://dictionary.oed.com/cgi/entry/50216409 Oxford English Dictionary, Second Edition (1989), s.v. Scoto-]
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