Syndicalism is a type of movement which aims to degrade capitalist societies through action by the
working classon the industrial front. For syndicalists, labor unions are the potential means both of overcoming capitalism and of running society in the interests of the majority. Industryand governmentin a syndicalist society would be run by labour union federations.
This emphasis on "industrial" organization was a distinguishing feature of syndicalism when it began to be identified as a distinct current at the beginning of the 20th century. Most
socialistorganisations of that period emphasised the importance of "political" action through party organizations as a means of bringing about socialism. Although all syndicalists emphasize industrial organization, not all reject political action altogether. For example, De Leonists and some other Industrial Unionists advocate parallel organisation both politically and industrially.
"Syndicalisme" is a French word meaning "
trade unionism". This milder version of syndicalism was overshadowed by revolutionary anarcho-syndicalismin the early 20th century, which was most powerful in Spain, but also appeared in other parts of the world, as in the US-centered Industrial Workers of the World.
In a model syndicalist community, the local syndicate communicates with other syndicates through the "
Bourse de Travail" (labour exchange), which manages and transfers commodities.
Syndicalism is one of the three most common ideologies of
egalitarian, pre-managed economic and labour structure, together with socialismand communism. It states, on an ethicalbasis, that all participants in an organized trade internally share equal ownership of its production and therefore deserve equal earnings and benefits within that trade, regardless of position or duty. By contrast, socialism emphasises distributing output among trades as required by each trade, not necessarily considering how trades organize internally. Syndicalism is compatible with privatism, unlike communism. Communism rejects government-sanctioned private ownership and private earnings in favor of making all property legally public, and therefore directly and solely managed by the people themselves. In Syndicalism, unions are the basis for the future society rather than simply means of attaining that society.
Syndicalists often form alliances with other workers' movements, including
socialism, communism, and anarchism.
Fernand Pelloutierleader of the French " Bourses du Travail" (Labour Exchange)
Emile PougetCo-leader of the " Confédération Générale du Travail" (" CGT", founded in 1895)
* "See also
Charter of Amiens(1906)"
* John Maclean, political activist and writer
Sam Mainwaring, orator & originator of the term 'anarcho-syndicalist'
Alceste de Ambris
Robert Michels- Although he was German, he moved to Italy and became a revolutionary syndicalist.
Angelo Oliviero Olivetti
Daniel De Leon
International Workers Association
International Anarchist Congress of Amsterdam(1907)
Industrial Workers of the World(IWW, the "Wobblies")
* [http://www.anarchosyndicalism.net/ AnarchoSyndicalism.net]
* [http://recollectionbooks.com/bleed/sinners/RockerRudolf.htm Rudolf Rocker] , a major proponent of anarcho-syndicalism
* [http://www.libcom.org/library Libertarian Communist Library Archive]
* [http://www.sonic.net/~figgins/generalstrike General Strikes] , maps with locations where strikes have occurred; includes resource links
*"Anarcho-Syndicalism", Rudolf Rocker, London, 1989.
*"Liberalism and The Challenge of Fascism, Social Forces in England and France (1815-1870)", J. Salwyn Schapiro, McGraw-Hill Book Co., NY, l949.
*"Revolutionary Unionism: Yesterday, Today, Tomorrow," Dan Jakopovich, New Politics, Vol. XI.,No.3.
*"The Anarchists," James Joll, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, 1980.
*"The Syndicalist Tradition and Italian Fascism," David D. Robert, University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill NC, 1979.
*Lenny Flank (ed), "IWW: A Documentary History", Red and Black Publishers, St Petersburg, Florida, 2007. ISBN 978-0-9791813-5-1
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