Osculating curve

Osculating curve
A curve C containing a point P where the radius of curvature equals r, together with the tangent line and the osculating circle touching C at P

In mathematics and geometry, an osculating curve is an extension of the concept of tangent. A tangent line to a curve is the straight line that shares the location and direction of the curve, while an osculating circle to the same curve shares the location, direction, and curvature.

Two curves are said to be osculating at a particular point if they share the same osculating circle, just as they are said to be tangent if they share the same tangent line. The term derives from the Latinate root "osculate", to kiss, because the two curves contact one another in a more intimate way than simple tangency.

If two smooth curves are tangent at a point and also cross there, they are not only tangent but also osculating. The converse – osculating curves cross at the point of osculation – is not necessarily true, but holds in almost all cases.

See also

References

Weisstein, Eric W., "Osculating Curves" from MathWorld.


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Look at other dictionaries:

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  • osculating circle — noun the circle that touches a curve (on the concave side) and whose radius is the radius of curvature • Syn: ↑circle of curvature • Hypernyms: ↑circle * * * noun : a circle which is tangent to a curve at a given point, which lies in the limiting …   Useful english dictionary

  • osculating circle — /ɒskjəleɪtɪŋ ˈsɜkəl/ (say oskyuhlayting serkuhl) noun the circle, the arc of which best approximates a curve at a given point on that curve …   Australian-English dictionary

  • osculating plane — Math. the plane containing the circle of curvature of a point on a given curve. [1860 65] * * * …   Universalium

  • osculating circle — noun The circle that has the same tangent, and the same curvature at the point on the curve …   Wiktionary

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