infobox Scotland council area
Siorrachd Obar Dheathain
Size= 6,313 km²
PopulationDensity=37 / km²
CouncilDetails= Aberdeenshire Council
Malcolm Bruce Alex Salmond
- Robert Smith
Stewart Stevenson Alex Salmond Mike Rumbles council areasin Scotland.
In this present day Aberdeenshire does not include
Aberdeen Citywhich is a Council Area in its own right. However, Aberdeenshire Council does have its headquarters at Woodhill House, in Aberdeen; the only Scottish council whose headquarters are based outwith its area's border. Aberdeenshire borders Angusand Perth and Kinrossto the south, and Highland and Morayto the west.
Aberdeenshire has a rich prehistoric and historic heritage. It is the locus of a large number of
Neolithicand Bronze Agearchaeological sites, including Longman Hill, Kempstone Hill, Catto Long Barrowand Cairn Lee. Since medievaltimes there have been a number of crossings of the Mounth(a spur of mountainous land that extends from the higher inland range to the North Seaslightly north of Stonehaven) through present day Aberdeenshire from the Scottish Lowlands to the Highlands. Some of the most well known and historically important trackways are the Causey Mounthand Elsick Mounth. [W. Douglas Simpson, "The Early Castles of Mar", Proceedings of the Society, 102, 10 December 1928] [ [http://www.megalithic.co.uk/article.php?sid=18037 C.Michael Hogan, "Elsick Mounth", Megalithic Portal, ed. Andy Burnham] ]
The present council area is named after the historic county of Aberdeen which had different boundaries and was abolished in 1975, under the
Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973to be replaced by Grampian Regional Council, and five district councils; Banff and Buchan, Gordon, Kincardine and Deeside, Morayand the City of Aberdeen, with local government functions shared between the two levels. In 1996, under the Local Government etc (Scotland) Act 1994, the Banff and Buchan district, the Gordon district and the Kincardine and Deeside district were merged to form the present Aberdeenshire council area, with the other two districts becoming autonomous council areas.
The council area has a population of 226,871, representing 4.5% of Scotland's total, and a 20% increase since 1981, 50% since 1971. The ten largest towns in Aberdeenshire (with 2004 population estimates) [ [http://www.gro-scotland.gov.uk/index.html General Register Office for Scotland] ] are :
The population has a higher proportion of younger age groups than the rest of Scotland, reflecting employment-driven in-migration in recent decades.
Governance and politics
The council has 68
councillors, elected in 19 multi-member wards by Single Transferable Vote. The 2007 elections resulted in the following representation:
The overall political composition of the council was as follows: [cite web| url=http://www.aberdeenshire.gov.uk/elections/local/index.asp| title=Aberdeenshire Council Results| accessdate=2007-05-06]
The Council's net expenditure is £399.1m a year (2003/04). Education takes the largest share of expenditure (55%), followed by Social Work and Housing (19%), Transportation and Infrastructure (11%), and Joint Services such as Fire and Police (10%). 22% of revenue is raised locally through the Council Tax. Average Band D
Council Taxis the eighth lowest in mainland Scotland at £966 (2003/04).
The council has devolved power to six
area committees: Banff and Buchan, Buchan, Formartine, Garioch, Marrand Kincardine and Mearns
[http://www.aberdeenshire.gov.uk/statistics/area/index.asp Boundary Map]
The following significant structures or places are within Aberdeenshire:
Causey Mounth, an ancient road
Loch of Strathbeg
Raedykes Roman Camp
Sands of ForvieNature Reserve
Ythan EstuaryNature Reserve
Hydrology and climate
There are numerous rivers and burns in Aberdeenshire, including
Cowie Water, Carron Water, Burn of Muchalls, River Dee, River Don, River Ury, River Ythan, Water of Feugh, Burn of Myrehouse, Laeca Burnand Luther Water. Numerous bays and estuaries are found along the seacoast of Aberdeenshire, including Banff Bay, Ythan Estuary, Stonehaven Bayand Thornyhive Bay. Summers are mild and winters are typically cold in Aberdeenshire; Coastal temperatures are moderated by the North Seasuch that coastal areas are typically cooler in the summer and warmer in winter than inland locations. Coastal areas are also subject to haar, or coastal fog.
*Alexander Garden, (1730-1791), born in Birse, noted naturalist and physician. He moved to
North Americain 1754, and discovered two species of lizards. He was a Loyalist during the American Revolutionary War, which led to the confiscation of his property and his banishment in 1782. The gardeniaflower is named in his honor. cite book | title = Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607-1896 | publisher = Marquis Who's Who | location = Chicago | date = 1963]
*John Kemp, (1763-1812), born in Auchlossan, was a noted educator at
Columbia Universitywho is said to have influenced DeWitt Clinton's opinions and policies.
Hugh Mercer, (1726-1777), born in the manse of Pitsligo Kirk, near Rosehearty, brigadier generalof the Continental Armyduring the American Revolution.
John Skinner, (1721-1807) author, poet and ecclesiastic. Penned the famous verse, Tullochgorum.
* [http://www.aberdeenshire.gov.uk/ Aberdeenshire Council]
* [http://www.visitpeterhead.org.uk/ Peterhead and Buchan Tourism Web Site]
* [http://www.aberdeenshirearts.org.uk/ Aberdeenshire Arts]
* [http://www.aberdeenshire-sports-council.org.uk/ Aberdeenshire Sports Council]
* [http://www.ScottishPlots.com/AberdeenshirePlotsOfLand.aspx Land for sale in Aberdeenshire]
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