Melodeon (organ)

Melodeon (organ)
A Melodeon of the American Organ Co.

A melodeon (also known as a cabinet organ or American organ) is a type of 19th century reed organ with a foot-operated vacuum bellows, and a piano keyboard. It differs from the related harmonium, which uses a pressure bellows. Melodeons were manufactured in the United States sometime after 1812 until the Civil War era. By 1840 forty builders are listed.

"Melodeons were inexpensive, easy to move, and required a minimum of upkeep. These features ware so attractive that by 1840 there were forty melodeon builders in the United States, with an annual product of $646,975, but reports listed only twenty pipe organ builders, with an annual product of $324,750 [13,p.132]"[1]

While it was sometimes used as a substitute for the pipe organ in small churches, it was primarily used in domestic settings.

In Ireland, the word is found in the commonly used phrase "cat melodeon". This simply means that something is awful. For example, if it is raining, one might say that the weather is "cat melodeon". The etymology of the phrase is uncertain, but may analogize poorly-played melodion music to the sound of a cat in heat.[2]

See also

  • Melodeon (disambiguation)


  1. ^ The History of the Organ in the United States, Orpha Caroline Ochse, Page 112,Online
  2. ^ Jeffries, Stuart (2009-03-27). "The G2 guide to regional English". Retrieved 2010-01-01. 


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