Guntur district

Guntur district

Infobox Indian Jurisdiction
type =district
state_name =Andhra Pradesh
area =11391
latd=16.3 |longd=80.45

Guntur is a district in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh on the east coast of Bay of Bengal. The district has a coastline of around 100 kilometers. Guntur City is the largest city in the district and administrative center of Guntur District. The district is a major center for learning.

Guntur district

Guntur district covers an area of 11,391 km²., and has a population of 4,465,144 of which 28.80% is urban as of 2001. [] The Krishna River forms the northeastern and eastern boundary of the district, separating Guntur District from Krishna District. The district is bounded on the southeast by the Bay of Bengal, on the south by Prakasam District, on the west by Mahbubnagar District, and on the northwest by Nalgonda District. It is divided into 57 mandals.

Paddy, tobacco, cotton and chillies are the main agricultural products cultivated in the district.

Places of historical importance in Guntur District are Amaravathi, Ponnur, Bhattiprolu, Kotappakonda, Undavalli caves, Gurazala, Macherla and the archeological museum in Guntur.


* Garthapuri).

Guntur District is home to the second oldest evidence of humans in India, in the form of Palaeolithic (old stone age) implements. Ancient history can be traced from the time of Sala kings who ruled during the 5th century BCE. The earliest reference to Guntur, a variant of "Guntur", comes from the Idern plates of Ammaraja I (922-929), the Vengi Chalukyan King. Guntur also appears in another two inscriptions dated 1147 and 1158.

Since the beginning of Buddhist epoch, Guntur stood foremost in matters of culture,education and civilization. Lord Buddha preached at Dharanikota/Dhanyakatakam near Guntur and conducted Kalachakra ceremony, which takes its antiquity to 500 BCE. [Buddha's Preaching of the Kalachakra Tantra at the Stupa of Dhanyakataka, H. Hoffman, in: German Scholars on India, Vol. I, 1973, PP. 136-140, Varanasi ] . Taranatha, a Buddhist monk writes: "On the full moon of the month Caitra in the year following his enlightenment, at the great stupa of Dhanyakataka, the Buddha emanated the mandala of "The Glorious Lunar Mansions" (Kalachakra) [Taranatha;] . Buddhists established universities in ancient times at Dhanyakataka and Amaravathi. Acharya Nagarjuna, an influential Buddhist philosopher taught at Nagarjunakonda and is said to have discovered Mica in 200 BCE. Guntur district roughly straddles the Kammanadu / Kammakaratham, the region in the Krishna river valley, where Buddhism prevailed, got the name from Theravada Buddhist concept of Kamma (Pali) or Karma (Sanskrit) [J. Burgess, Buddhist Stupas of Amaravathi and Jaggayyapeta, Madras Presidency, 1886, p. 110 ] [Epigraphica Indica, Vol VIII, pp. 233-236 (Chandaluru copper plate inscription of Kumara Vishnu)] [Epigraphica Indica, Vol XV, pp. 249-252 (Ongole copper plate inscription of Pallava king Vijaya Skandavarma)] [Epigraphica Indica, Vol XVIII, p. 250 (Kopparapu copper plate inscription of Pulakesi II, 7th century CE)] [Epigraphica Indica, Vol XVIII, p. 27 (Aluru inscription of Chalukya king Vikramaditya V, 1011 CE)] .

Guntur was successively ruled by famous dynasties such as the Satavahanas, Ikshvakus, Pallavas, Ananda Gotrikas, Vishnukundina, Kota VamsaChalukyas, Cholas, Kakatiyas, Vijayanagara and Qutb Shahis during ancient and medieval times. The famous battle of Palnadu which is enshrined in legend and literature as "Palnati Yuddham" was fought in Guntur district in 1180.

Guntur became part of the Mughal empire in 1687 when the emperor Aurangzeb conquered the Qutb Shahi sultanate of Golconda, of which Guntur was then a part. In 1724, Asaf Jah, viceroy of the empire's southern provinces, declared his independence as the Nizam of Hyderabad. The coastal districts of Hyderabad, known as the Northern Circars, were occupied by the French in 1750. Raja Vasireddy Venkatadri Nayudu (1783-1816 CE) shifted his capital from Chintapalli in Krishna district to Amaravati across the river Krishna. He ruled with munificience and built many temples in Guntur region. Guntur was brought under the control of the British East India Company by 1788, and became a district of Madras Presidency.

The Guntur region played a significant role in the struggle for independence and the formation of Andhra Pradesh. The northern, Telugu- speaking districts of Madras state, including Guntur, advocated for a separate state after independence and the new state of Andhra Pradesh was created in 1953 from the eleven northern districts of Madras.


Guntur district is divided into 57 mandals for ease of administration and taking the government closer to the people.



Amaravati is famous for the temple dedicated to the god Shiva. The Amareshwara temple walls have inscriptions that give information about the kings who ruled over the area. The present holy shrine of Amaralingeswara (Lord Shiva) temple is associated with the reign of Vasireddy Venkatadri Nayudu who ruled the region before the advent of the British rule (See Amararama). He was well-known for his benevolence, munificience and construction of a large number of temples in the Krishna river delta.


Kulothunga Chola's inscription dated 1172 A.D. reveals the history of this temple [ [ ] ] . Raja Mallaraju renovated it in 1763. There are three mountain peaks called Brahma, Vishnu and Rudra peaks, the reason why this temple is called ‘Trikutadrai’. Sivaratri festival is celebrated on a grand scale here.


Bhavanarayanaswamy temples at Bapatla and Ponnuru are famous among the devotees from in around the state.

Number of temples were constructed during the reign of Vasireddy Venkatadri Nayudu. Tall towers ("Gaali Gopuram") of these temples in many villages and towns of Guntur district stand testimony to his devotion and munificience.


Govada is the palace comes under the AMRUTHALUR Mandal. It has one of the famous temple called "koteswara Swamy". People at here seclebrates the "SIVARATRI" for seven days. People comes from somany places for this Uttsav.Near places to GOVADA is AMRUTHALUR,CHERUKUPALLY,PANCHALAVARAM. In PANCHALAVARAM there is one famous temple called "PALLALAMMA TEMPLE".

ee also

* Guntur City
* Guntur Coast
* Guntur Tourism
* Timeline of Guntur
* List of Buddhist topics


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