- Folger Shakespeare Library
Infobox_nrhp | name =Folger Shakespeare Library
caption =Folger Shakespeare Library and theatre. Note capitol building in the background.
lat_degrees = 38 | lat_minutes = 53 | lat_seconds = 21.7 | lat_direction = N
long_degrees = 77 | long_minutes = 0 | long_seconds = 11.42 | long_direction = W
architect= Cret,Paul P.; Trowbridge,Alexander B.
June 23, 1969
governing_body = Private
refnum=69000294 cite web|url=http://www.nr.nps.gov/|title=National Register Information System|date=2006-03-15|work=National Register of Historic Places|publisher=National Park Service] The Folger Shakespeare Library is an independent research
libraryon Capitol Hill in Washington, DC. It has the world's largest collection of the printed works of William Shakespeare, and is a primary repository for rare materials from the early modern period (1500–1750). The library was established by Henry Clay Folgerin association with his wife Emily Jordan Folger. It opened in 1932, two years after Folger's death.
The library offers advanced scholarly programs, national outreach to K-12 classroom teachers on Shakespeare education, and plays, music, poetry, exhibits, lectures, and family programs. It also has several publications and is a leader in methods of preserving rare materials.
The library is privately endowed and administered by the Trustees of
Amherst College. The library building is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
Standard Oil of New Yorkpresident, then chairman of the board, Henry Clay Folger, a Phi Beta Kappagraduate of Amherst College, was an avid collector of Shakespeareana. Toward the end of World War I, he and his wife Emily Jordan Folgerbegan searching for a location for his Shakespeare library. They chose a location adjacent to the Library of Congressin Washington, DC. The land was then occupied by townhouses, and Folger spent several years buying the separate lots. The site was designated for expansion by the Library of Congress, but in 1928 the Congress passed a resolution allowing its use for Folger's project. [Ziegler, Georgianna: "Duty and Enjoyment: The Folgers as Shakespeare Collectors in the Gilded Age," "Shakespeare in American Life," Virginia and Alden Vaughan (eds.). Washington, DC: Folger Shakespeare Library, 2007, pages 108-109.] ["Infinite Variety: Exploring the Folger Shakespeare Library," Esther Ferington (ed.). Washington, DC: Folger Shakespeare Library (distributed by University of Washington Press, Seattle), 2001, page 16.] [Also see [http://www.folger.edu/template.cfm?cid=791 "Founding the Library"] on Folger website.]
cornerstoneof the library was laid in 1930, but Folger died soon afterward. The bulk of Folger's fortune was left in trust, with Amherst Collegeas administrator, for the library. Because of the stock market crash of 1929, Folger's estate was smaller than he had planned, although still substantial. Emily Folger, who had worked with her husband on his collection, supplied the funds to complete the project. The library opened on April 23, 1932(believed to be Shakespeare's birthday). Emily Folger remained involved in its administration until shortly before her death in 1936. [Lynch, Kathleen, "Folger, Emily Jordan," "American National Biography," Jon Garty and Mark Carnes (editors). New York: Oxford University Press, 1999, volume 8, pages 167-168.] ["Infinite Variety," pages 16-17.]
The main Folger building was designed by architect
Paul Philippe Cret. The white marble exterior includes nine street-level bas-reliefsof scenes from Shakespeare's plays created by the sculptor John Gregoryas well as many inscriptions personally selected by Henry Folger. The large Art Decowindow and door grilles are aluminum.
Inside, the building is designed in a
Tudorstyle with oak paneling and plaster ceilings. The two reading rooms (one added in the early 1980s) are reserved for use by scholars who have obtained advance permission. Public spaces include the large exhibition gallery, a gift shop, and the Elizabethan Theatre.
A second Folger building, the Haskell Center, opened in 2000 across the street from the original building. It houses the library's education and public programs staffs.
The Folger grounds include an Elizabethan garden of plantings from Shakespeare's plays or that were commonly used in his day.
The large Folger collection of Shakespeare materials is best-known for its 79 copies of the 1623
First Folioas well as many quartos of individual plays. The library also holds the third largest collection of English printed books from before 1641. ["Infinite Variety," page 95.]
In all, the library collection includes more than 250,000 books, about 55,000 manuscripts (from
Elizabeth Iand John Donneto Mark Twainand Walt Whitman) [Wolfe, Heather (ed. and compiler), "The Pen's Excellencie": Treasures from the Manuscript Collection of the Folger Shakespeare Library," Washington, DC: Folger Shakespeare Library (distributed by University of Washington Press, Seattle), 2002, page 10 for total number, pages 51, 151, 183, and 196 for Elizabeth I, Donne, Twain, and Whitman.] , 250,000 playbills, and 50,000 works on paper (including prints and photographs). ["Folger Shakespeare Library," "New Encyclopedia Britannica," Chicago: Micropedia, 15th edition, 2007, Volume 4.] ["Infinite Variety," page 95; see also [http://www.folger.edu/template.cfm?cid=506 "The Collection"] on the Folger site.] It also holds many paintings and sculptures, most related to Shakespeare or his plays.
Folger Shakespeare Library’s cultural and arts programs include theater, poetry, concerts, exhibitions, and lectures.
Folger Theatre performs a three-play season, featuring the works of Shakespeare as well as contemporary plays inspired by his works. Several productions have won a
Helen Hayes Award. [ [http://www.folger.edu/template.cfm?cid=453 "Helen Hayes Awards and Nominations"] list on Folger site] The Folger Consort, the library's resident early music ensemble, also performs a regular concert program.
PEN/Faulkner Award for Fictionreadings are performed in the Folger's Elizabethan Theatre.
O. B. Hardison, Jr. Poetry Prizeis awarded by the library to a U.S. poet who has published at least one book within the last five years, has made important contributions as a teacher, and is committed to furthering the understanding of poetry.
The Folger Institute organizes academic conferences, symposia, and seminars, as well as summer institutes. The Folger education department holds month-long summer institutes on teaching Shakespeare for teachers, as well as workshops around the country.
Folger publications include the Folger Library editions of Shakespeare's plays, the journal "
Shakespeare Quarterly", the teacher resource books "Shakespeare Set Free," and exhibition catalogs.
* [http://www.folger.edu/ Folger Shakespeare Library]
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