An edict is an announcement of a law, often associated with monarchism. The Pope and various micronational leaders are currently the only persons who still issue edicts.

Notable edicts

*Edicts of Ashoka, by Ashoka the Great, of the Mauryan dynasty during his reign from 272 BCE to 231 BCE.

*Edict on Maximum Prices (301), by Roman Emperor Diocletian. It attempted to reform the Roman system of taxation and to stabilize the coinage.

*Edict of Toleration (311), by Galerius before his death. This proclamation that removed all previous restrictions on the Christian religion, allowing it and all other religions to be practiced throughout the Roman Empire.

*Edict of Milan (313), by Constantine the Great, and Licinius, the Eastern tetrarch. It declared that the Roman Empire would be neutral with regard to religious worship, officially ending all government-sanctioned religious persecution, especially of Christianity.

*Edict of Paris (614), by Clotaire II of Neustria. It tried to establish order by standardising the appointment process for public officials across the realm. It guaranteed the nobility their ancient rights, and in this respect has been seen as a French Magna Carta.

*Edict of Pistres (864), by Charles the Bald. It reformed the West Frankish army and laid the foundations for the famous French chivalry of the High Middle Ages. It also ordered the construction of fortified bridgeheads to deal with Viking raiders.

*Edict of Expulsion (1290), by King Edward I of England. It ordered the expulsion of all Jews from England and the confiscation of their real property.

*Edict of Worms (1521), by the Diet of Worms, with Holy Roman Emperor Charles V presiding. It declared Martin Luther to be an outlaw and banned the reading or possession of his writings. The edict permitted anyone to kill Luther without legal consequence.

*Edict of Saint-Germain (1562), by Catherine de' Medici, Queen of France, in January 1562. It was an edict of toleration that recognized the existence of the Protestants and guaranteed freedom of conscience and private worship. It forbade Huguenot worship within towns (where conflicts flared up too easily), but permitted Protestant synods and consistories.

*Edict of Nantes (1598), by King Henry IV of France. It granted the French Protestants (also known as Huguenots) substantial rights in France, a Catholic nation.

*Edict of Restitution (1629), by Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand II. It attempted to restore the religious and territorial settlement after the Peace of Augsburg (1555). It forbade the secularization of land and property belonging to the Catholic Church.

*Edict of Fontainebleau (1685), by Louis XIV of France. It revoked the Edict of Nantes (1598) and ordered the destruction of Huguenot churches.

* A French edict by Finance Minister Colbert (17th century) was intended to improve the quality of cloth. This law declared that if a merchant's cloth was not found to be satisfactory, on three separate occasions; then, he was to be tied to a post, with the cloth attached to him.

*Edict of Toleration (1839), by King Kamehameha III of Hawaii. It allowed for the establishment of the Hawaii Catholic Church.

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  • edict — Edict, ordonnance ou commandement fait par la bouche du Prince, ou magistrat Edictum. Edict propre pour aucun, duquel nul n avoit paravant usé, Peculiare edictum, nequis, etc. Faire un edict, ou loy sur certaine peine, Sancire. B. Edict imposant… …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • edict — EDÍCT, edicte, s.n. 1. (În Roma antică) Act prin care un magistrat făcea cunoscute normele de drept şi formele juridice aplicate în timpul magistraturii lui. 2. (În antichitate şi în evul mediu) Decret important cu caracter normativ dat de un… …   Dicționar Român

  • Edict — E dict, n. [L. edictum, fr. edicere, edictum, to declare, proclaim; e out + dicere to say: cf. F. [ e]dit. See {Diction}.] A public command or ordinance by the sovereign power; the proclamation of a law made by an absolute authority, as if by the …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • edict — I noun authoritative command, canon, command, consultum, declaration, decree, decretum, dictate, edictum, enactment, fiat, judgment, law, legislation, mandate, order, ordinance, precept, pronouncement, regulation, regulation by law, regulation by …   Law dictionary

  • edict — late 15c., edycte; earlier edit, late 13c., proclamation having the force of law, from O.Fr. edit, from L. edictum proclamation, ordinance, edict, neut. pp. of edicere publish, proclaim, from e out (see EX (Cf. ex )) + dicere to say (see …   Etymology dictionary

  • Edict — Edict, so v.w. Edictum, bes. 5); so: E. von Amboise, gegeben 1572 von Karl IX. König von Frankreich; enthält Bestimmungen über die neue Organisation der Polizei; E. von Chateaubriand, gegeben 1551 von Heinrich II, enthielt Bestimmungen über die… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • edict — [n] pronouncement, order act, canon, command, commandment, decree, decretum, dictate, dictum, directive, enactment, fiat, injunction, instrument, judgment, law, mandate, manifesto, ordinance, precept, prescript, proclamation, pronunciamento,… …   New thesaurus

  • edict — ► NOUN ▪ an official order or proclamation. ORIGIN Latin edictum something proclaimed , from dicere say, tell …   English terms dictionary

  • edict — [ē′dikt΄] n. [L edictum, neut. pp. of edicere, to proclaim < e , out + dicere, to speak: see DICTION] 1. an official public proclamation or order issued by authority; decree 2. any command or order edictal [ē dik′təl] adj …   English World dictionary

  • edict — n. 1) to issue an edict 2) to recall, rescind an edict 3) a royal; solemn edict 4) an edict that + clause (the government issued an edict that all prisoners would be released) * * * [ iːdɪkt] rescind an edict solemn edict a royal to issue an… …   Combinatory dictionary

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