image_caption= Members of the family
name = Austrobaileyales
classis = "see text"
ordo = Austrobaileyales
ordo_authority = Takht. ex Reveal (1992)
subdivision_ranks = Families
Austrobaileyaceae Schisandraceae Trimeniaceae
Austrobaileyales is the
botanical namefor an order of flowering plants, consisting of about 100cite journal | url = http://www.amjbot.org/cgi/content/full/91/10/1437 | title = The plant tree of life: an overview and some points of view | author = Jeffrey D. Palmer, Douglas E. Soltis and Mark W. Chase | journal = American Journal of Botany | year = 2004 | volume = 91 | pages = 1437–1445 | doi = 10.3732/ajb.91.10.1437] species of woody plants, perhaps the most famous of which is the spice star anise.
In different classifications
Until the early 21st century, the order was only rarely recognised by systems of classification (an exception is the
APG system, of 1998, did not recognize such an order. The APG II system, of 2003, does accept this order and places it among the basal angiosperms, that is: it does not belong to any further clade. APG II uses this circumscription:
* order Austrobaileyales
Austrobaileyaceae, two species of woody vines from Australia
Schisandraceae[+ family Illiciaceae] , several dozen species of woody plants, found in tropicalto temperateregions of East and Southeast Asiaand the Caribbean.
Trimeniaceae, half-a-dozen species, of woody plants found in subtropicalto tropical Southeast Asia, eastern Australiaand the Pacific Islands
Note: "+ ..." = optional seggregrate family, that may be split off from the preceding family. The
Cronquist system, of 1981, also placed the plants in families Illiciaceae and Schisandraceae together, but as separate families, united at the rank of order, in the order Illiciales.
The current phylogeny is:
Amborella" |2= Nymphaeaceae|3=clade |label1=Austrobaileyales |1=clade |1= Austrobaileyaceae|2=clade |1= Trimeniaceae|2= Schisandraceae|4=clade |label1=Mesangiospermae |1=clade |1= Chloranthaceae|2= magnoliids|3=" Ceratophyllum" |4= monocots|5= eudicots
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