Canton (heraldry)

Canton (heraldry)

Canton is a charge placed in the upper dexter corner. It is classed by some heraldic writers as one of the honorable ordinaries; but, strictly speaking, it is a diminutive of the Quarter, being two-thirds the area of that ordinary. However, in the roll of Henry III the quarter appears in several coats which in later rolls are blazoned as cantons. The canton, like the quarter, is an early bearing, and is always shown with straight lines.

The highly unusual usage of a "canton bendwise sinister" appears on the emblem of the 410 Flight Test Squadron of the United States Air Force. []

The diminutive of the canton is the chequer that forms part of the field of chequy but cannot be shown as a charge on its own.

A "canton sinister" is a canton placed on the sinister side of the shield.

A plain, uncharged canton (sometimes a canton voided is also used this way) can be used as a "mark of distinction," that is, not a mark of peculiar honour, but a mark making distinct that the bearer is a stranger in blood, e.g. a groom, not descended from the bride's family, adopting the bride's last name after the marriage, might upon receipt of a Royal Licence permitting this, use the bride's family's coat of arms with an uncharged canton or canton voided.

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно сделать НИР?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Canton — may refer to: *Canton (administrative division), a territorial subdivision of a country **Cantons of Belgium **Cantons of Bolivia **Cantons of Bosnia and Herzegovina: a subdivision of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina **Canada: Canadian… …   Wikipedia

  • canton — 1520s, from M.Fr. canton piece, portion of a country (13c.), from It. (Lombard dialect) cantone region, especially in the mountains, augmentive of L. canto section of a country, lit. corner (see CANT (Cf. cant) (2)). Originally in English a term… …   Etymology dictionary

  • canton — [kan′tən, kan′tän΄; kan tän′; ] for vt. 2 [ kan tän′, kantōn′ & ] Brit [, kən to͞on′] n. [Fr < It cantone < LL cantus: see CANT2] 1. any of the political divisions of a country or territory; specif., a) any of the states in the Swiss… …   English World dictionary

  • heraldry — heraldist, n. /her euhl dree/, n., pl. heraldries. 1. the science of armorial bearings. 2. the art of blazoning armorial bearings, of settling the rights of persons to bear arms or to use certain bearings, of tracing and recording genealogies, of …   Universalium

  • Heraldry — The German Hyghalmen Roll was made in the late fifteenth century and illustrates the German practice of repeating themes from the arms in the crest. (See Roll of arms) Heraldry is the profession, study, or art of creating, granting, and blazoning …   Wikipedia

  • canton — cantonal, adj. cantonalism, n. /kan tn, ton, kan ton / for 1 7; /kan ton , tohn or/, esp. Brit., / toohn / for 8, n. 1. a small territorial district, esp. one of the states of the Swiss confederation. 2. (in a department of France) a division of… …   Universalium

  • Canton — This is a very interesting surname of medieval origins. Although quite rare, with scattered recordings it has no less than four coats of arms, two from England and two from Ireland. It is polygenetic, meaning that it appeared in different… …   Surnames reference

  • canton — noun 1. /ˈkæntɒn / (say kanton), /kænˈtɒn / (say kan ton) a small territorial district, especially one of the states of the Swiss confederation. 2. /ˈkæntɒn / (say kanton), /kænˈtɒn / (say kan ton) a subdivision of a French arrondissement. 3.… …   Australian-English dictionary

  • canton — noun 1》 kantɒn, kan tɒn a political or administrative subdivision of a country.     ↘a state of the Swiss Confederation. 2》 kant(ə)n Heraldry a square charge smaller than a quarter and positioned in the upper (usually dexter) corner of a shield.… …   English new terms dictionary

  • Canton — n. & v. n. 1 a a subdivision of a country. b a State of the Swiss confederation. 2 Heraldry a square division, less than a quarter, in the upper (usu. dexter) corner of a shield. 1 put (troops) into quarters. 2 divide into cantons.… …   Useful english dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”