- Eel ladder
An eel ladder is type of
fish ladderdesigned to help eels swim past barriers, such as dams and weirs or even natural barriers, to reach upriver feeding grounds. (Many eels are catadromous, living in fresh water but spawning at sea.) The basic design of an eel ladder has the eel swim over the barrier using an eel ascending ramp, which provides the eels a climbing substrate to "push against" while slithering upstream. For some higher barriers, elevator-style systems are also used.
An eel ladder typically consists of four parts: an "eel ascending ramp", a "supporting structure", a "water-feeding system", and a "side gutter". The side gutter provides an attraction flow to draw eels toward the ladder, the water-feeding system ensures the proper flow of water to the gutter and the ramp, and the supporting structure mounts the ladder to the barrier.
The eel ascending ramp can be a fairly simple constructions, such as a hollowed out tree filled with recycled
fishing net, or a more complex structure designed to accommodate specific species or ages of eels. For example, the Canadian company Milieu Inc. manufactures eel ascending ramps made of moulded ABS with undulating side walls and staggered studs throughout the length of the ramp. These studs form the substrate the eels push against during the climb over the barrier.
* [http://www.milieuinc.com/gallery1.htm Milieu Inc. eel ladder] at the St. Ours Dam (
Richelieu River, Québec)
* [http://eel-pass.eu Fish-Pass sarl eel ladder and elevator systems]
* [http://www.chicopeeriver.org/eelway/index.html Dwight St. Dam Eelway project] (
Chicopee River, Massachusetts)
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.