A fisherman or fisher is someone who gathers
fish, shellfish, or other animals from a body of water. [ [http://www.bls.gov/soc/soc_r3b1.htm 45-3011 Fishers and Related Fishing Workers] US Department of Labor] Although the term usually addresses people who fish commercially or as a means of subsistence, it can also be used to identify recreational fishermen. It may be used to describe both men and women.
According to the
FAO, there were 38 million commercial and subsistence fishers and fish farmers in 2002, more than triple the number in 1970. Of this total, 74% worked in capture fisheries and 26% in aquaculture. The total fisheryproduction of 133 million tonnes equated to an average productivity of 3.5 tonnes per person.
Most of this growth took place in
Asian countries, where four-fifths of world fishers and fish farmers dwell. FAO: [http://www.fao.org/fishery/topic/13827/en "Fishing people"] . Retrieved 7 July 2008.]
Most fishermen are men involved in offshore and deep-sea fisheries. Women fish in some regions inshore from small boats or collect
shellfishand seaweed. In many artisanal fishing communities, women are responsible for making and repairing nets, post-harvest processing and marketing.
Angling" is a term used to describe fishing with a hook. Commonly, this involves a rod, reel and line. Today it's usually practiced for pleasure.
Fishing has existed as a means of obtaining food since the
Mesolithicperiod. [ [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/sci/tech/5398850.stm Early humans followed the coast] BBC News article.] By the time of the Ancient Egyptians, fishermen provided the majority of food for Egyptians. Fishing had become a major means of survival as well as a business venture.http://www.icsf.net/icsf2006/uploads/publications/samudra/pdf/english/issue_28/art01.pdf Fisheries history] Fishing and the fisherman had also influenced Ancient Egyptian religion; mullets were worshiped as a sign of the arriving flood season. Bastetwas often manifested in the form of a catfish. The method Amun, in ancient Egyptian literature, created the world, is associated with the Tilapia's method of mouth-brooding.
For some communities, fishing provides not only a source of food and work but also
communityand cultural identity. [ [http://www.icsf.net International Collective in Support of Fishworkers (ICSF)] ]
New Testament, Jesusis reported to have said to his disciples: "Follow me, and I will make you fishers of men." [bibleref|Matthew|4:19|KJV] .
* Fields, Leslie Leyland (editor) (2002) "Out On The Deep Blue: Women, Men, and the Oceans They Fish." St. Martin's Press. ISBN 978-0312277260
* Jones, Stephen (2001) "Working Thin Waters: Conversations with Captain * Lawrence H. Malloy, Jr". University Press of New England. ISBN 978-1584651031
* [http://www.floridaconservation.org/fishing/women/index.html Women in fishing]
* Moore, Charles W (1998) [http://www.geocities.com/Athens/Aegean/9318/fisherman.html Did fishermen discover the New World?"]
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