The Trecento (Italian for 300, or from "mille trecento," 1300) refers to the 14th century in Italian cultural history.

Commonly the Trecento is considered to be the beginning of the Renaissance in art history. Painters of the Trecento included Giotto di Bondone, the first to use perspective in art, as well as Andrea da Firenze, Simone Martini, Ambrogio Lorenzetti, and Duccio di Buoninsegna.

The Trecento was also famous as a time of heightened literary activity, with writers working in the vernacular instead of Latin. Dante, Petrarch and Boccaccio were the leading writers of the age. Dante produced his famous "La divina commedia" (The Divine Comedy), a summation of the medieval worldview, and Petrarch wrote verse in a lyrical style influenced by the Provençal poetry of the troubadours.

In music, the Trecento was a time of vigorous activity in Italy, as it was in France, with which there was a frequent interchange of musicians and influences. Distinguishing the period from the preceding century was an emphasis on secular song, especially love lyrics; much of the surviving music is polyphonic, but the influence of the troubadours who came to Italy, fleeing the Albigensian Crusade in the early 13th century, is evident. Musicians and composers of the Trecento included the renowned Francesco Landini, as well as Gherardello da Firenze, Andrea da Firenze, Giovanni da Firenze, Paolo da Firenze (Paolo Tenorista), Donato da Cascia, Niccolò da Perugia, Maestro Piero, Bartolino da Padova, Giovanni da Cascia, and Vincenzo da Rimini.

ee also

*Music of the Trecento
*Quattrocento- the 15th century in Italian culture
*Cinquecento- the 16th century in Italian culture
*Seicento- the 17th century in Italian culture
*Italian Renaissance - started at end of 14th century

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  • trecento — TRECÉNTO s.n. Denumire dată culturii şi artei italiene dintre anii 1301 şi 1400. – Trimis de LauraGellner, 30.06.2004. Sursa: DEX 98  trecénto s. n. Trimis de siveco, 10.08.2004. Sursa: Dicţionar ortografic  TRECÉNTO s.n. Denumire… …   Dicționar Român

  • trecento — ⇒TRECENTO, subst. masc. HIST. DE L ART. ,,Le XIVe s. en Italie (...) caractérisé par une vive reprise de la création musicale (Mus. 1976, p. 1026). REM. 1. Trecentesque, adj. Relatif à l art du Trecento. Il reprend le chromatisme sombre et livide …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • trecento — {{hw}}{{trecento}}{{/hw}}[300 nella numerazione araba, CCC in quella romana] A agg. num. card. inv. Indica una quantità composta di tre centinaia di unità. B s. m. inv. Il numero trecento e il segno che lo rappresenta | Il Trecento, il sec. XIV …   Enciclopedia di italiano

  • trecento — (izg. trečȅnto) m DEFINICIJA pov. umj. naziv za 14. st., ob. kao razdoblje kulture i umjetnosti ETIMOLOGIJA krat., tal. mille trecento: 1300 …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • trecento — [tre chen′tō] n. [It, lit., three hundred, short for mil trecento, one thousand three hundred] the 14th cent. as a period in Italian art and literature …   English World dictionary

  • Trecento — Tre*cen to, n. & a. [It., three hundred, abbr. for thirteen hundred.] The fourteenth century, when applied to Italian art, literature, etc. It marks the period of Dante, Petrarch, and boccaccio in literature, and of Giotto in painting. [Webster… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Trecento — (spr. tschénnto, »dreihundert«), in der Kunstgeschichte übliche Bezeichnung für die italienische Kunst des 14. Jahrh., insbes. für Giotto und seine Schule und für Giovanni Pisano und seine Nachfolger (Trecentisten). Vgl. Quattrocento u.… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Trecento — Ausschnitt aus Giotto di Bondones „Freskenzyklus in der Arenakapelle in Padua“ von 1304 1306 mit Trecento typischer Raumwirkung Unter Trecento (ital. dreihundert) verstehen Historiker und Kunsthistoriker die Zeit der Protorenaissance im Italien… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • trecento — tre·cèn·to agg.num.card.inv., s.m.inv. CO 1. agg.num.card.inv., che è pari a tre centinaia (rappresentato da 300 nella numerazione araba, in quella romana da CCC): un libro di trecento pagine, a trecento miglia dalla costa | come componente di… …   Dizionario italiano

  • Trecento — Le Trecento correspond au XIVe siècle italien ; s y déroule le mouvement appelé Pré Renaissance. Le terme Trecento est également utilisée en histoire de la musique italienne pour désigner le courant de l Ars nova italienne. La victoire… …   Wikipédia en Français

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