- Subdivisions of Kiev
Kiev( _uk. Kиїв, "Kyiv"), the capital of Ukraine, include the formal administrative subdivision into raions and the more detailed informal subdivision into historical neighborhoods.
History of subdivision
The first known formal subdivision of Kiev dates to 1810 when the city was subdivided into 4 parts:
Pechersk, Starokyiv, and the first and the second parts of Podil. In 1833-1834 according to Tsar Nicholas I's decree, Kiev was subdivided into 6 police raions; later being increased to 10. As of 1917, there were 8 Raion Councils ("Duma"), which were reorganized by bolsheviks into 6 Party-Territory Raions.
Over the Soviet time, as city was expanding, the number of raions was gradually increasing. The raions has been also commonly named after Soviet party leaders, and as political situation was changing and some leaders were overturned by the other, so raion names were also changing.
The last raion reform took place in 2001 when the number of raions has been decreased from 14 to 10.
Oleksandr Omelchenko(mayor from 1999 to 2006), there were further plans for the merger of some raions and revision of their boundaries, and the total number of raions had been planned to be decreased from 10 to 7. With the election of the new mayor-elect ( Leonid Chernovetsky) in 2006, these plans were conducted.
Raions of Kiev
Administratively, the city is divided into
raions ( districts), which have their own units of central and local government with jurisdictionover a limited scope of affairs.
The last Kiev raion reorganization took place in 2001, and currently Kiev raions are:
* Darnytskyi Raion ("Дарницький район")
Desnianskyi Raion("Деснянський район"; after the Desna river)
Dniprovskyi Raion("Дніпровський район"; after the Dnieper river)
Holosiivskyi Raion("Голосіївський район")
Obolonskyi Raion("Оболонський район")
* Pecherskyi Raion ("Печерський район")
* Podilskyi Raion ("Подільський район")
Shevchenkivskyi Raion("Шевченківський район"; after Taras Schevchenko)
Solomianskyi Raion("Солом’янський район")
* Sviatoshynskyi ("Святошинський район")
Most of the raions are named after respective historical neighborhoods of the city.
The Right Bank and the Left Bank
The natural first level of subdivision of the city is into the Right Bank and the Left Bank of the
Dnieper River(a few large islands belong to the left-bank "raions").
The Right Bank (Ukrainian: Правий Берег, "Pravyi Bereh"), located on the western side of the river, contains the older portions of the city, as well as the majority of Kiev's business and governmental institutions.
The eastern Left Bank (Ukrainian: Лівий Берег, "Livyi Bereh"), incorporated into the city only in the twentieth century, is predominantly residential. There are large industrial and green areas in both the Right Bank and the Left Bank.
The terms "Right Bank" and, especially, "Left Bank" are recognized in the names of Kiev's infrastructure, e.g. "Livoberezhna" Metro station.
Residents of widely recognize a system of the non-formal historical neighborhoods. Such neighborhoods count in dozens, however, constituting a kind of
hierarchy, since most of them have lost their distinctive topographic limits.
The names of the oldest neighborhoods go back to the
Middle Ages, and sometimes pose a great linguistic interest. The newest whole-built developments bear numeric designations or residential marketingnames.
Most notable informal historical neighborhoods of Kiev include:Right Bank (west):Left Bank (east):
*Kharkivskyi masyv ("Харківський")
Lisovyi masyv("Лісовий масив")
*Livoberezhnyi masyv ("Лівобережний масив")
Lypky and Zvirynets of the Pecherskyi Raion are the most expensive areas to live. Koncha-Zaspa is arguably the most interesting neighborhood name dating back to the times of
Kievan Rus'. It reflects the story of the Rus warriors who felt asleep ("zaspaly") during their watch in an outpostand were killed ("koncheni") by Golden Hordeinvaders. Koncha-Zaspa is now a prestigious area too.
Practical orientation patterns
Another useful pattern of city division is the
Kiev Metrosystem. However, metro lines do not cover significant parts of Kiev, making such orientation very approximate (but easy for newcomers). Sometimes, the system of "elektrychka" train stops are used for the same purpose.
The full informal set of addresses in Kiev (used, for example, in
real estateadvertising) would include:
* Formal raion
* Historical neighborhood
* Nearest metro station or train stop
* Formal address
History of Kiev
Subdivisions of Ukraine
* [http://kmus.privat-online.net/teritorial.html History of Administrative Subdivision of Kiev] , Kiev City Department of Statistics.
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