- Battle of Nassau
The Battle of Nassau (
March 2– March 3, 1776) was a naval action and amphibious assault by American forces against British-occupied Nassauin the Bahamasduring the American Revolutionary War. It is considered the first cruise and one of the first engagements of the newly established Continental Navyand the Continental Marines, the progenitor of the United States Navyand Marine Corps. The led assault procured the Marines' first amphibious landing in United States' history. It is sometimes known as the Raid of Nassau.
Under the command of Fleet Captain or Commodore
Esek Hopkinsof Rhode Island, a task force of four ships, including "Hornet", "Alfred", and "Wasp", rallied near Great Abaco Island, north of the Island of New Providence, on March 1, 1776. The force captured two sloopsowned by Loyalists, one of those men being Capt. Gideon Lowe of Green Turtle Cay, and pressed their owners to serve as pilots. It is said that the two Abaconians escaped as soon as Nassau was in sight and warned the British of the approaching American ships
March 2, the force approached Nassau, sending ashore a raiding party of 230 Continental Marines and 50 sailors under the command of Captain Samuel Nicholas, the first commissioned officer in the Continental Marines. The force captured nearby Fort Montague but were repulsed in their assault on Fort Nassau.
March 3at 10:00 in the morning, a landing was again attempted, and this time the Marines captured Nassau without a fight, seizing a sizable store of 103 cannon, mortars and munitions. Much of the precious gunpowderstores that were the target of the raid had been evacuated after the failed raid on March 2.
It marked the first instance in American military history that forces responded to the equivalent modern command of "Land the landing force." [http://www.nassau.navy.mil/history.html]
March 17, the fleet sailed for Block IslandChannel off Newport, Rhode Island, with Montfort Browne, Lieutenant Governor of the Bahamas, as a prisoner. Browne was later exchanged for American general William Alexander.
In commemoration of the battle, two ships of the United States Navy have been christened USS "Nassau".
* [http://members.aol.com/tjoschultz/connavcru.html AOL User page with detailed history]
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