Chembox new
Name = 1,1-Dichloroethane
ImageFileL1 = 1,1-Dichloroethane_3.svg
ImageSizeL1 = 100px
ImageNameL1 = 1,1-Dichloroethane
ImageFileR1 = 1,1-dichloroethane-3D-vdW.png ImageSizeR1 = 100px
IUPACName = 1,1-Dichloroethane
OtherNames = ethylidene dichloride
ethylidene chloride
Section1 = Chembox Identifiers
CASNo = 75-34-3

Section2 = Chembox Properties
Formula = C2H4Cl2
MolarMass = 98.96 g/mol
Density = 1.2 g/cm³
MeltingPt = -97 °C
BoilingPt = 57.2 °C

Section8 = Chembox Related
OtherCpds = 1,2-Dichloroethane (ethylene dichloride); *1,1-Dichloroethene

1,1-Dichloroethane is a chlorinated hydrocarbon. It is a colorless oily liquid with a chloroform-like odor. It is not easily soluble in water, but miscible with most organic solvents.

Large volumes of 1,1-dichloroethane are manufactured, with annual production exceeding 1 million pounds in the United States. It is mainly used as a feedstock in chemical synthesis, chiefly of 1,1,1-trichloroethane. It is also used as a solvent for plastics, oils and fats, as a degreaser, as a fumigant in insecticide sprays, in halon fire extinguishers, and in cementing of rubber. It is used in manufacturing of high-vacuum resistant rubber and for extraction of temperature-sensitive substances. Thermal cracking at 400-500 °C and 10 MPa yields vinyl chloride. In the past, 1,1-dichloroethane was used as a surgical inhalational anesthetic.

In the atmosphere, 1,1-dichloroethane decomposes with half-life of 62 days, chiefly by reaction of photolytically produced hydroxyl radicals.



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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Dichloroethane — can refer to either of two isomeric organochlorides with the molecular formula C2H4Cl2: 1,1 Dichloroethane (ethylidene dichloride) 1,2 Dichloroethane (ethylene dichloride) See also Dichloroethene (disambiguation) …   Wikipedia

  • Dichloroéthane — C2H4Cl2  Cette page répertorie différents isomères, c’est à dire les molécules qui partagent la même formule brute. C2H4Cl2 est la formule brute de plusieurs isomères. 1,1 dichloroéthane, numéro CAS …   Wikipédia en Français

  • dichloroethane — noun Either of two isomeric organochlorides with the molecular formula CHCl: 1,1 dichloroethane (ethylidene dichloride) and 1,2 dichloroethane (ethylene dichloride) …   Wiktionary

  • dichloroethane — noun Date: 1936 a colorless toxic liquid compound C2H4Cl2 that is used chiefly as a solvent …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • dichloroethane — /duy klawr oh eth ayn, klohr /, n. Chem. See ethylene dichloride. [DI 1 + CHLORO 2 + ETHANE] * * * …   Universalium

  • dichloroethane — /duy klawr oh eth ayn, klohr /, n. Chem. See ethylene dichloride. [DI 1 + CHLORO 2 + ETHANE] …   Useful english dictionary

  • 1,2-Dichloroethane — IUPAC name …   Wikipedia

  • 1,2-dichloroéthane — « Dichlorure d éthylène » redirige ici. Pour les dichloroéthènes, voir C2H2Cl2. 1,2 dichloroéthane …   Wikipédia en Français

  • 1,1-dichloroéthane — Général N …   Wikipédia en Français

  • 1,2-Dichloroethane (data page) — This page provides supplementary chemical data on 1,2 dichloroethane. Material Safety Data Sheet The handling of this chemical may incur notable safety precautions. It is highly recommend that you seek the Material Safety Datasheet (MSDS) for… …   Wikipedia

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