- Frederick I, Elector of Saxony
Frederick IV, Margrave of Meissen, Landgrave of Thuringia and Elector of Saxony (Frederick the Belligerent (the Warlike) (
11 April 1370– 4 January 1428) was Markgraf of Meißen, Landgraf of Thuringiaand Elector of Saxonyfrom 1381 until his death.
He was the eldest son of
Frederick III, Landgrave of Thuringiaand Katharina von Henneberg. After the death of his uncle William II, Margrave of Meissenin 1407, he governed the Margraviate of Meissen together with his brother William III as well as with his cousin Frederick (son of Balthasar). After secession in 1410 and 1415 he received the Mark Meissen to autocracy.
German town warof 1388 he assisted Frederick V of Hohenzollern, burgrave of Nuremberg, and in 1391 did the same for the Teutonic Orderagainst Wladislaus II of Poland. He supported Rupert III, Elector Palatine of the Rhine, in his struggle with King Wenceslaus for the German throne, probably because Wenceslaus refused to fulfil a promise to give him his sister Anna in marriage.
The danger to Germany from the
Hussitesinduced Frederick to ally himself with Emperor Sigismund; and he took a leading part in the war against them, during the earlier years of which he met with considerable success. In the prosecution of this enterprise Frederick spent large sums of money, for which he received various places in Bohemiaand elsewhere in pledge from Sigismund, who further rewarded him in 6 January 1423with the vacant electoral Duchy of Saxony-Wittenberg; and Fredericks formal investiture followed at Ofenon the 1 August 1425. Thus ascended Frederick IV, who called himself Frederick I now, to the duke and elector. Thus spurred to renewed efforts against the Hussites, the elector was endeavouring to rouse the German princes to aid him in prosecuting this war when the Saxon army was almost annihilated at Aussigon the 16 August 1426.
After the death of his brother William Frederick became ruler over the entire possession of The
House of Wettinexcept Thuringia.
Frederick died in 1428 at
Altenburg. He was buried as first Wettin in the cathedral chapel in Meissen.
In 1409, in conjunction with his brother William, he founded the
University of Leipzig, for the benefit of German students who had just left the University of Prague.
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1= 1. Frederick I, Elector of Saxony
Frederick III, Landgrave of Thuringia
Katherina of Henneberg-Schleusingen
Frederick II, Margrave of Meissen
Matilde of Bavaria
Heinrich VIII of Henneberg-Schleusingen
Judith of Brandenburg-Salzwedel
Frederick I, Margrave of Meissen
Elizabeth of Lobdaburg-Arnshaugk
Louis IV, Holy Roman Emperor
Beatrix of Silesia-Glogau
Berthold VII, Count of Henneberg-Schleusingen
Adelheid of Hesse
Hermann I of Brandenburg-Salzwedel
Anna of Austria
Albert II, Margrave of Meissen
Margaret of Sicily
Hartmann XI of Lobdaburg-Arnshaugk
Elisabeth, Countess of Orlamünde
Louis II, Duke of Bavaria
Matilda of Habsburg
Henry III, Duke of Silesia-Glogau
Matilda of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Berthold V, Count of Henneberg-Schleusingen
Sophie of Schwarzburg
Henry I, Landgrave of Hesse
Adelheid of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Otto V, Margrave of Brandenburg-Salzwedel
Jutta of Henneberg
30= 30. Albert I, King of Germany, Duke of Austria
Elisabeth of Tirol
Frederick I married
8 February 1402with Catherine of Brunswick, daughter of Henry the Mild, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburgand had 7 children:
#Katharina, died young;
#Friedrich II "der Sanftmütige" (1412 – 1464);
#Sigismund, Bishop of
Würzburg, ( 3 March 1416– 24 December 1471);
5 June 1420– 17 September 1462), married to Louis I, Landgrave of Hesse;
#Katharina, (1421 –
23 August 1476, Berlin), married to Frederick II, Elector of Brandenburg;
21 May 1422– 22 July 1435);
#Wilhelm "der Tapfere" (1425 – 1482), Landgrave of Thuringia, Duke of Luxemburg;
Rulers of Saxony
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