- Hoechst AG
Hoechst AG was a German chemicals then life-sciences company that became
Aventisafter its merger with Rhône-PoulencS.A. in 1999, and now sanofi aventis after 2004. It has been called "The pharmacy of the world" due to its important role in the world's drug market.
The company was founded in 1863 as "Teerfarbenfabrik Meister, Lucius & Co." in Höchst, near
Frankfurtand changed its name some years later to "Teerfarbenfabrik Meister Lucius & Brüning". In 1880 it became a stock company "Farbwerke vorm. Meister Lucius & Brüning AG". For the international market the name was simplified to "Farbwerke Hoechst AG". Until 1925 the Hoechst AG was independent. The Hoechst AG was one of the co-founders. of IG Farben, founded 1916, a pressure group of Germany's chemicals industry to gain industrial power during WW I and afterwards. In 1925 the IG Farben turned from a pressure group into the well known conglomerate and was split up in 1951 into its founder companies. The Hoechst AG was re-founded on December 7, 1951in Frankfurt. The original capitalization of the company was 100,000 Deutsche Mark. 1987- Hoechst acquired the American chemical company Celaneseand formed a new Hoechst subsidiary in the US, Hoechst Celanese. 1994- The U.S. National Right to Life Committeeannounced a U.S. boycott of all Hoechst pharmaceutical products including Altace. 1994(September 17) - Pharmacists For Life International joins the international boycott, "...against the American subsidiary of Hoechst, AG Hoechst-Roussel, Hoechst-Celanese, its generic subsidiary Coply Pharmaceuticals and the agricultural Hoechst subsidiary" while asking U.S. consumers to "focus on key Hoechst drugs which have the most economic impact rather than taking an across-the-board shotgun approach" and specifically listing Altaceas a boycott list item. [http://www.iclnet.org/pub/resources/text/ProLife.News/1994/pln-0419.txt] 1995- Hoechst merges with Marion Merrell Dowof Kansas City, Missouri forming U.S. subsidiary Hoechst Marion Roussel (HMR). Altacewas bringing in under $90 million in revenues for Hoechst and Hoechst had stopped promoting Altace within the United States. [http://www.forbesimg.com/forbes/2002/1028/136_print.html Forbes.com - Magazine Article ] ] 1995- The King PharmaceuticalsPresident Jefferson "Jeff" Gregory first begins negotiations with Hoechst to acquire U.S. distribution rights to Altace. 1997- Hoechst underwent a realignment wherein its various businesses were transferred to independent companies, including Nutrinovaand Clariant. 1997(April 2) - The anti-abortion group Concerned Women For Americaannounces at a National Right To Life Committee press briefing at the National Press Club that the anti-RU486 boycott against the U.S. subsidiaries of Hoechst AG & Roussel Uclaf by the NRTLC "...will be more narrowly focused onto the HMR prescription drugs Allegra, Cardizem, Seldane, Claforan, Lasix, DiaBeta, and Nicoderm" - and Altace is auspiciously no longer included by Concerned Women For Americas as a boycotted Hoechst Marion Roussel product. [ [http://www.cwfa.org/articledisplay.asp?id=1317&department=CWA&categoryid=life Concerned Women for America - Boycott of New Drug 'Allegra' Aimed at Protecting Women & Children From Dangers of RU-486 ] ] 1998(December 18) - The King Pharmaceuticals wholly owned subsidiary Monarch Pharmaceuticals, Inc.acquires ownership of U.S. distribution rights to Altaceand other Hoechst products from Hoechst AG subsidiary Hoechst Marion Roussel of Kansas City, Missouri. [http://www.custservices.com/news.asp?up=8] 1999(December 7) - Hoechst and Rhone-Poulenc Settle Federal Trade Commission charges that merger would violate U.S. antitrust laws; 1999- Aventiswas formed when Hoechst AG merged with Rhône-PoulencS.A. The merged company was headquartered in Strasbourg, Eastern France. As part of the merger, the company demerged many of its industrial businesses into Celanese, which became an independent company again.
Today, Hoechst as a company has been completely absorbed into the French company
* http://www.celanese.com/index/about_index/company-profile/company-profile-history.htm. Retrieved
July 24, 2005.
* http://www.prnewswire.com/cgi-bin/stories.pl?ACCT=104&STORY=/www/story/06-17-1999/0000965798&EDATE=. Retrieved
July 24, 2005.
* [http://www.forbesimg.com/forbes/2002/1028/136_print.html "Faith Healers: The born-again Gregory brothers worked a financial miracle from cast-off drug brands." Forbes. Zina Moukheiber. October 28, 2002.]
* [http://www.custservices.com/news.asp?up=8 "Monarch Pharmaceuticals acquired." sanofi-aventis Group. December 18, 1998.]
* [http://www.iclnet.org/pub/resources/text/ProLife.News/1994/pln-0419.txt "Pharmacists For Life Joins International Boycott." Life Communications, vol. 4, no. 19. November, 1994.]
* [http://www.cwfa.org/articledisplay.asp?id=1317&department=CWA&categoryid=life "Boycott of New Drug 'Allegra' Aimed at Protecting Women & Children From Dangers of RU-486." Concerned Women For America. April 2, 1997.]
* [http://www.archive.hoechst.com Archive site]
* [http://www.sanofi-aventis.com Sanofi Aventis site]
* [http://www.aventis-foundation.org/ Aventis Foundation]
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