Kümmel, also called kummel or kimmel, is a sweet, colorless
liqueurflavored with carawayseed, cumin, and fennel.
Originally, the words kümmel, kummel, and kimmel are somewhat generic terms in the German, Dutch, and Yiddish languages, respectively, meaning both caraway and cumin. For instance, in German caraway is called "Echter Kümmel" and cumin is called "Kreuzkümmel", but the term "Kümmel" is also used for the liqueur flavored with these spices. According to the Dutch, kummel liqueur was first distilled in
Hollandduring the late 16th century by Lucas Bols. [cite book
last = Calabrese
first = Salvatore
title = Complete Home Bartender's Guide
date = 2002
pages = 192
url = http://books.google.com/books?id=Ir1RCiXEqSIC&printsec=frontcover&dq=subject:%22Bartending%22#PPA192,M1
isbn = 0806985119 ] It was then taken to
Germanyand Russia; the latter is now the principal producer and consumer of kümmel.
Berlin-made Gilka Kümmel, goes through a longer distillation process and has a smoother taste than the Russian kümmels, and it has become the accepted standard of kümmel quality for the past century.Fact|date=March 2007
Kummel is often described as a golfers' liqueur.fact|date=October 2007 It can be found in many famous golf clubs around Great Britain such as Prestwick, Muirfield, Ganton and Royal Birkdale.
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