June Carter Cash

June Carter Cash

Infobox Musical artist
Name = June Carter Cash

Img_capt = June Carter Cash with husband, Johnny, in 1969
Img_size =
Background = solo_singer
Birth_name = Valerie June Carter
Born = birth date|1929|6|23
Died = death date and age|2003|5|15|1929|6|23
Nashville, Tennessee, USA
Origin = Scott County, Virginia, USA
Instrument = Vocals, guitar, banjo, autoharp
Voice_type =
Genre = Country
Occupation = Singer-songwriter, actress, comedienne
Years_active = 1939 - 2003
Spouse = Johnny Cash
Label =
Associated_acts = Carter Family
URL = http://junecartercash.com

Valerie June Carter Cash (June 23, 1929 – May 15, 2003) [ [http://rootdig.com/2007/03/1930-census-june-carter-cash.html June Carter Cash in the 1930 US Census] ] was a singer, songwriter, actress, comedienne and author who was a member of the Carter Family and the second wife of singer Johnny Cash. She played the guitar, banjo, harmonica, and autoharp, and also acted in several films and television shows.


Early life

June Carter Cash was born Valerie June Carter in Maces Spring, Virginia. She was born into country music and performed with the Carter Family from the young age of ten, beginning in 1939. In March 1943, when the Carter Family trio stopped recording together after the WBT contract, Maybelle Carter, with encouragement from her husband Ezra, formed "Mother Maybelle & the Carter Sisters" with her daughters: Helen; Anita; and June. The new group first aired on radio station WRTD in Richmond, Virginia, on June 1. Doc and Carl rejoined them in late 1945. June, then 16, was a co-announcer with Ken Allyn and did the commercials on the radio shows for "Red Star Flour", "Martha White," and "Thalhimers Department Store," just to name a few. For the next year, the Carters and Doc and Carl did show dates within driving range of Richmond through Virginia, Maryland, Delaware and Pennsylvania. She later said she had to work harder at her music than her sisters, but she had her own special talent, comedy. A highlight of the road shows was her "Aunt Polly" comedy routine. Carl wrote in his memoirs that June was "a natural born clown, if there ever was one." She attended John Marshall High School during this period.

Ezra Carter declined Grand Ole Opry offers to move the family to Nashville, Tennessee a number of times because the Opry would not permit Chet Atkins to accompany the group. Finally, in 1950 Opry management relented and the group, along with Atkins, became part of the Opry company. Here the family befriended Hank Williams and Elvis Presley (to whom they were distantly related), and June met Johnny Cash.

With her thin and lanky frame, June Carter often played a comedic foil during the group's performances alongside other Opry stars Faron Young and Webb Pierce.

Career highlights

June Carter Cash is best known for singing and songwriting, but she was also an author, actress, comedian, philanthropist and humanitarian. [ [http://johnnycash.com/june/june2.html "June"] . Johnny Cash.com.] Director Elia Kazan saw her perform at the Grand Ole Opry in 1955 and encouraged her to study acting. She studied with Lee Strasberg and Sanford Meisner at the Neighborhood Playhouse in New York. Her acting roles included Mrs. "Momma" Dewey in Robert Duvall's 1998 movie "The Apostle", Sister Ruth, wife to Johnny Cash's character Kid Cole, on "Dr. Quinn, Medicine Woman" (1993-1997), and Clarise on Gunsmoke in 1957. June was also "Momma James," in "The Last Days of Frank and Jesse James."

As a singer, she had both a solo career and a career singing with first her family, and later her husband. As a solo artist, she became somewhat successful with upbeat country tunes of the 1950s like "Jukebox Blues" and the comedic hit "No Swallerin Place" by Frank Loesser with her exaggerated breaths. June also recorded "The Heel," in the 1960s along with many other songs. She won a Grammy Award in 1999 for her solo album, "Press On". Her last album, "Wildwood Flower", was released posthumously in 2003 and won two additional Grammys. It contains bonus video enhancements showing extracts from the film of the recording sessions which took place at the Carter Family Estate in Hiltons, Virginia on September 18-20, 2002. The songs on the album include "Big Yellow Peaches," "Sinking in the Lonesome Sea," "Temptation," and the trademark staple "Wildwood Flower."

Her autobiography was published in 1979 and she wrote a memoir, "From the Heart", almost 20 years later.

Personal life

Carter was married three times and had one child with each husband. All three of her children would go on to have successful careers in country music.

She was married first to honky-tonk singer Carl Smith from July 9, 1952, until their divorce in 1956. They had a daughter, Rebecca Smith aka Carlene Carter.

June's second marriage was to Edwin "Rip" Nix, a police officer and race-car driver, November 11, 1958. They had a daughter Rosie, on July 13, 1958. The couple divorced in 1966. Rosie Nix Adams later became a singer. On October 24, 2003, Rosie died on a bus from possible carbon monoxide poisoning.

John Carter Cash (born 3 March 1970)is the only child of Johnny and June Carter Cash. He is an American Country music-singer, songwriter and producer.

In 1968, 18 years after they had first met backstage at the Grand Ole Opry, Johnny Cash proposed to Carter during a live performance in London, Ontario, marrying on March 1, 1968. At Carter's funeral, her stepdaughter, Rosanne Cash, stated that "if being a wife were a corporation, June would have been a CEO. It was her most treasured role." [ [http://capitalnews.com.au/editorial.asp?editorial_id=313&issue=44 Capital News, June 2003] ]

In 1967, the couple won a Grammy Award in the "Best Country & Western Performance, Duet, Trio Or Group (vocal or instrumental)" category for the song "Jackson". In 1970, they won again in the "Best Country Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal" category for the song, "If I Were a Carpenter."

Carter was a long-time supporter of SOS Children's Villages. In 1974 the Cashes donated money to help build a village near their home in Barrett Town, Jamaica, which they visited frequently, playing the guitar and singing songs to the children in the village.cite web | url=http://sos-childrensvillages.org/get-involved/celebrities-as-partners/pages/johnny-cash.aspx | publisher=SOS Children's Villages | title=Spotlight on: Johnny Cash | year=2006 | accessdate=2008-08-06]


June Carter Cash died in Nashville, Tennessee, of complications following heart valve replacement surgery on May 15, 2003, surrounded by her family, and her husband of 35 years, Johnny Cash.Downey, Ryan J. [http://mtv.com/news/articles/1471909/20030515/cash_june_carter.jhtml "Country Star June Smith First Wife Carl Smith 73."] MTV.com. 15 May 2003.] [findagrave |id=7446405] Second daughter Rosey Nix passed away on October 24, 2003, a month after her stepfather. [findagrave |id=8028979]


In 1999, she won a Grammy Award for her album, "Press On". Her last album, "Wildwood Flower", was released posthumously in 2003 and won two additional Grammys. She ranked #31 in "CMT's 40 Greatest Women in Country Music" in 2002.

Film portrayal

June Carter was played by Reese Witherspoon, in "Walk the Line", a 2005 biopic of Johnny Cash (played by Joaquin Phoenix). The film largely focuses on the development of their relationship over the course of 17 years; from their first meeting, to her finally accepting his proposal for marriage. Witherspoon's portrayal led her to receive many awards for her role, including an Academy Award for Best Actress and a BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Leading Role. Witherspoon also performed all vocals for the role, singing many of June's famous songs, including "Juke Box Blues" and "Jackson" with Joaquin Phoenix as Johnny Cash. [ [http://oregonherald.com/reviews/mark-sells/reviews/walktheline.html "The Reel Deal"] . OregonHerald.com. December 2005. Retrieved on March 23, 2007.]



* 1975 - "Appalachian Pride"
* 1999 - "Press On"
* 1999 - "It's All In The Family (Appalachian Pride & The Children's Album)"
* 2003 - "Wildwood Flower"
* 2003 - "Louisiana Hayride (Issuing of Previously Recorded Material)"
* 2005 - ""
* 2005 - "Church In The Wildwood: A Treasury Of Appalachian Gospel"
* 2005 - "Ring Of Fire: The Best Of June Carter Cash"
* 2006 - "Early June"

Albums with Johnny Cash

* 1967 - "Carryin' On With Johnny Cash And June Carter"
* 1973 - "Johnny Cash And His Woman"
* 1979 - "Johnny And June"
* 1999 - "It's All In The Family (Appalachian Pride & The Children's Album)"
* 2006 - "Duets"
* 2006 - "Collections"


ee also

*Walk the Line




* Bufwack, Mary. (1998). "Carter Sisters". In "The Encyclopedia of Country Music". Paul Kingsbury, Editor. New York: Oxford University Press. p. 85.
* Cash, June Carter. "Among My Klediments". Grand Rapids, MI, Zondervan, 1979. ISBN 0-310-38170-3.
* Dawidoff, Nicholas. "In the Country of Country: A Journey to the Roots of American Music". Vintage Books, 1998. ISBN 0-375-70082-X.
* McConnell, Carl P. "A Brief History of My Family and an Autobiographical Sketch of My Musical Life". January 24, 1976. Background for liner notes for a "Doc and Carl" album recorded at Johnny Cash's Nashville studio.
* Zwonitzer, Mark, with Charles Hirschberg. "Will you miss me when I'm gone? : the Carter Family and their legacy in American music". New York Simon & Schuster, 2002.

External links

* [http://junecarter.wetpaint.com Keep on the Sunnyside: June Carter Cash Remembered]
* [http://junecarter.proboards80.com June Carter Cash Forum]
* [http://music.yahoo.com/ar-291783---June-Carter-Cash at Yahoo! Music]
* [http://virginia.org/site/description.asp?AttrID=10670&CharID=287406 A.P. Carter Museum]
* [http://friendsofthefold.com Friends of the Carter Family Fold]

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