# Angular diameter distance

Angular diameter distance

The angular diameter distance is a distance measure used in astronomy. The angular diameter distance to an object is defined in terms of the object's actual size, $x$, and $heta$ the angular size of the object as viewed from earth.
$d_A= frac\left\{x\right\}\left\{ heta\right\}$
The angular diameter distance depends on the assumed cosmology of the universe. The angular diameter distance to an object at redshift, $z$, is expressed in terms of the comoving distance, $chi$ as:
$d_A = frac\left\{r\left(chi\right)\right\}\left\{1+z\right\}$
Where $r\left(chi\right)$ is defined as:

Where $Omega_k$ is the curvature density and $H_0$ is the value of the Hubble parameter today.

In the currently favoured geometric model of our Universe, the "angular diameter distance" of an object is a good approximation to the "real distance", i.e. the proper distance when the light left the object. However, beyond a certain redshift it gets "smaller" with increasing redshift. In other words an object "behind" another of the same size, beyond a certain redshift, appears larger on the sky, and would therefore have a "smaller" "angular diameter distance".

[http://icosmos.co.uk/ iCosmos: Cosmology Calculator (With Graph Generation )]

* Angular size redshift relation
* Distance measures (cosmology)

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