Angular diameter distance

Angular diameter distance

The angular diameter distance is a distance measure used in astronomy. The angular diameter distance to an object is defined in terms of the object's actual size, x, and heta the angular size of the object as viewed from earth.
d_A= frac{x}{ heta}
The angular diameter distance depends on the assumed cosmology of the universe. The angular diameter distance to an object at redshift, z , is expressed in terms of the comoving distance, chi as:
d_A = frac{r(chi)}{1+z}
Where r(chi) is defined as:
r(chi) = egin{cases}sin left( sqrt{-Omega_k} H_0 chi ight)/left(H_0sqrt ight) & Omega_k < 0\chi & Omega_k=0 \sinh left( sqrt{Omega_k} H_0 chi ight)/left(H_0sqrt ight) & Omega_k >0 end{cases}

Where Omega_k is the curvature density and H_0 is the value of the Hubble parameter today.

In the currently favoured geometric model of our Universe, the "angular diameter distance" of an object is a good approximation to the "real distance", i.e. the proper distance when the light left the object. However, beyond a certain redshift it gets "smaller" with increasing redshift. In other words an object "behind" another of the same size, beyond a certain redshift, appears larger on the sky, and would therefore have a "smaller" "angular diameter distance".

Related Links

[ iCosmos: Cosmology Calculator (With Graph Generation )]

* Angular size redshift relation
* Distance measures (cosmology)

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