Antonia Fortress

Antonia Fortress

The Antonia Fortress was a military barracks built by Herod the Great in Jerusalem on the site of an earlier Hasmonean stronghold, named after Herod's patron Mark Antony. The fortress was built at the eastern end of the great wall of the city (the second wall), on the northeastern side of the city, near the temple and Pool of Bethesda. It is thought that the area where the Antonia Fortress was located possibly later became the site of the Praetorium. The Praetorium, or Pretorium, is thought to be the place where Jesus was taken to stand before Pilate.

The historian Josephus described the Antonia as being a tower with four towers at each corner. He placed the Antonia at the Northwest corner of the colonnades surrounding the Temple. Modern depictions often show the Antonia as being located along the North side of the temple enclosure. However, Josephus' description of the siege of Jerusalem suggests that it was separated from the temple enclosure itself and probably connected by two colonnades with a narrow space between them. Josephus' measurements suggest about a 600 foot separation between the two complexes.

Prior to the Jewish War, the Antonia housed some part of the Roman garrison of Jerusalem. The Romans also stored the high priest's vestments within the Fortress.

The Antonia was destroyed in 70 by Titus' army during the siege of Jerusalem. Titus captured the fortress as a precursor to attacking the Temple complex. He had the Antonia leveled to allow passage of siege materials to the temple.

External links

* [ Jewish Encyclopedia: Antonia]
* []

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • ANTONIA — ANTONIA, fortress situated on a rocky prominence on the north side of the Temple Mount in Jerusalem. It replaced a number of earlier fortresses at this location: (1) the birah (the Citadel ) from the time of Nehemiah (Neh. 2:8; 7:2); (2) the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Antonia — Infobox Given Name Revised name = Antonia is smelly imagesize= caption= pronunciation= anne TONE eey yah (USA) or ann TON ya (Italian) gender = Female meaning = region = origin = Latin related names = footnotes = Antonia can refer to the girl s… …   Wikipedia

  • Antonia —    A fortress in Jerusalem, at the north west corner of the temple area. It is called the castle (Acts 21:34, 37). From the stairs of this castle Paul delivered his famous speech to the multitude in the area below (Acts 22:1 21). It was… …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • Antonia, tower of — The name of the barracks (NRSV, REB), a fortress (NJB), or palace (AV), where Paul was arrested after the riot in Jerusalem (Acts 21:27–36). It was built near the Temple of Herod the Great and named after his friend Mark Antony …   Dictionary of the Bible

  • Fortaleza Antonia — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Maqueta de la Fortaleza Antonia actualmente en el Museo de Israel …   Wikipedia Español

  • JERUSALEM — The entry is arranged according to the following outline: history name protohistory the bronze age david and first temple period second temple period the roman period byzantine jerusalem arab period crusader period mamluk period …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Jerusalem during the Second Temple Period — The Temple Mount …   Wikipedia

  • Siege of Jerusalem (70) — For other sieges laid upon the city of Jerusalem in history, see Siege of Jerusalem. Siege of Jerusalem Part of the First Jewish Roman War …   Wikipedia

  • Church of the Flagellation — Basic information Location Jerusalem Affiliation Roman Catholic Arc …   Wikipedia

  • Church of the Condemnation and Imposition of the Cross — Basic information Location Jerusalem Affiliation Roman Catholic Leadership …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”