Ticinum

Ticinum

Ticinum (the modern Pavia) was an ancient city of Gallia Transpadana, founded on the banks of the river of the same name (now the Ticino river) a little way above its confluence with the Padus (Po).

It is said by Pliny to have been founded by the Laevi and Marici, two Ligurian tribes, while Ptolemy attributes it to the Insubres.

Its importance in Roman times was due to the extension of the Via Aemilia from Ariminum (Rimini) to the Padus (or Po) (187 BC), which it crossed at Placentia (Piacenza) and there forked, one branch going to Mediolanum (Milan) and the other to Ticinum, and thence to Laumellum where it divided once more, one branch going to Vercellae - and thence to Eporedia and Augusta Praetoria - and the other to Valentia - and thence to Augusta Taurinorum (Turin) or to Pollentia.

The branch to Eporedia must have been constructed before 100 BC. Ticinum is not infrequently mentioned by classical writers. It was a "municipium", but we learn little of it except that in the 4th century AD there was a manufacture of bows and a mint there. The first Christian bishops of the city are identified as Juventius and Syrus.

It was pillaged by Attila in AD 452 and by Odoacer in 476, but rose to importance as a military centre in the Gothic period. At Dertona and here the grain stores of Liguria were placed, and Theodoric the Great constructed a palace, baths and amphitheatre and new town walls; while an inscription of Athalaric relating to repairs of seats in the amphitheatre is preserved (AD 528529). From this point, too, navigation on the Padus seems to have begun. Narses recovered it for the Eastern Empire, but after a long siege, the garrison had to surrender to the Lombards in 572.

The name "Papia", from which the modern name "Pavia" comes, does not appear until Lombard times, when it became the seat of the Lombard kingdom, and as such one of the leading cities of Italy. Cornelius Nepos, the biographer, appears to have been a native of Ticinum. Of Roman remains little is preserved; there is, for example, no sufficient proof that the cathedral rests upon an ancient temple of Cybele though the regular ground plan of the central portion, a square of some 1150 yards, betrays its Roman origin, and it may have sprung from a military camp. This is not unnatural, for Pavia was never totally destroyed; even the fire of 1004 can only have damaged parts of the city, and the plan of Pavia remained as it was. Its gates were possibly preserved until early in the 8th century. The picturesque covered bridge (bombed down in the Second World War and subsequently rebuilt in a similar shape and position), which joins Pavia to the suburb on the right bank of the river, was preceded by a Roman bridge, of which only one pillar, in blocks of granite from the Baveno quarries, exists under the remains of the central arch of the medieval bridge, the rest having no doubt served as material for the latter. The medieval bridge dated from 13511354.

References

*1911


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • TICINUM — nobile Insubrum oppid. olim Longobardorum regia, in planitie ad Ticinum fluv. a Liguribus, Levis et Maricis, ante Mediolanum, alii malunt a Gallis, paulo post hanc urbem, condita. Postea Flavia Papia dicta, et Papia, Paul. Diac. Cum titulo… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Ticīnum — Ticīnum, Stadt im Cisalpinischen Gallien am Ticinus, Hauptstadt der Läpl, später durch Pompejus Magnus eingerichtete römische Municipalstadt, welche von den Ostgothen befestigt u. dann von den longobardischen Königen zur Residenz erhoben wurde; s …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Ticīnum — Ticīnum, antike Stadt, s. Pavia …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Ticinum — Ticīnum, lat. Name von Pavia …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Ticinum — Pavia …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ramada Ticinum Hotel Oleggio (Varese) — Ramada Ticinum Hotel Oleggio country: Italy, city: Varese (Oleggio) Ramada Ticinum Hotel Oleggio Strategically located just 10 kilometres from Malpensa International Airport, The Ramada Ticinum Hotel Oleggio lies on the crossroads between the… …   International hotels

  • ТИЦИН, (I) — •Ticīnum, Τίκινον, Τικι̃νον, (н. Pavia), древний город в цизальпинской Галлии, на левом берегу реки Тицина, недалеко от впадения его в Пад (По), находился на главной… …   Реальный словарь классических древностей

  • Thermantia — (d. 415) was the second Empress consort of Honorius, Western Roman Emperor.FamilyShe was a daughter of Stilicho, magister militum of the Western Roman Empire, and Serena. Thermantia was a sister of Eucherius and Maria. De Consulatu Stilichonis by …   Wikipedia

  • Ennodius, Magnus Felix — ▪ Italian bishop and writer born 473/4, Arelate, Gaul died 521, Ticinum, Pavia       Latin poet, prose writer, rhetorician, and bishop, some of whose prose works are valuable sources for historians of his period.       A member of the important… …   Universalium

  • Pavia — Infobox CityIT official name = Comune di Pavia img coa = Pavia Stemma.png image caption = The Old Bridge (Ponte Vecchio) across the Ticino is a symbol of Pavia region = Lombardy province = Pavia (PV) elevation m = 77 area total km2 = 62 name =… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”