- Kagoshima Prefecture
Infobox Prefecture Japan
Name = Kagoshima
JapaneseName = 鹿児島県
Rōmaji = Kagoshima-ken
Symbol = PrefSymbol-Kagoshima.png
Capital = Kagoshima
Region = Kyūshū
TotalArea = 9,132.42
AreaRank = 10th
PCWater = 0.2
PopDate = 2000
Population = 1,786,214
PopRank = 24th
Density = 196
Districts = 11
Municipalities = 49 | ISOCode = JP-46
Flower = Miyamakirishima ("Rhododendron kiusianum")
Tree = Camphor laurel
Lidth's jay("Garrulus lidthi")
Website = [http://www3.pref.kagoshima.jp/foreign/english/ www3.pref.kagoshima.jp/
Yuichiro Itonihongo|Kagoshima Prefecture|鹿児島県|Kagoshima-ken is a prefecture of Japanlocated on Kyūshū island. The capital is the city of Kagoshima.
Kagoshima Prefecture is located at the southwest tip of
Kyūshūand includes a chain of islands stretching further to the southwest for a few hundred kilometers. The most important group is the Amami Islands.Surrounded by the Yellow Seato the west, at least since 1879 by Okinawa Prefecturein the south, Kumamoto Prefectureto the north, and Miyazaki Prefectureto the east, it has 2,632km of coastline (including the 28 islands). It has a bay called Kagoshima Bay(Kinkowan), which is sandwiched by two peninsulas, Satsuma and Osumi. Its position made it a 'gateway' to Japan at various times in history.While Kyushu has about 13 million people there are less than 2 million in this prefecture.
The prefecture boasts a chain of active and dormant
volcanoes, including the great Sakurajima, which towers out of the Kagoshima bay opposite Kagoshima city. A steady trickle of smoke and ash emerges from the caldera, punctuated by louder mini-eruptions on an almost daily basis. On active days in Kagoshima city an umbrella is advisable to ward off the ash. Sakurajima is one of Japan's most active volcanoes. Major eruptions occurred in 1914, when the island mountain spilled enough material to become permanently connected to the mainland, and a lesser eruption in 1960. Volcanic materials in the soil make Sakurajima a source for record ' Daikon' radishes, roughly the size of a basketball. Many beaches around the Kagoshima Bay are littered with well-worn pumice stones. A crater lake in the southwestern tip of the prefecture, near the spa town of Ibusuki, is home to a rare species of giant eel.
Kagoshima Prefecture corresponds to the ancient Japanese provinces Osumi and Satsuma, including the northern part of the
Ryukyu Islands. This region played a key role in the Meiji restoration( Saigo Takamori), and the city of Kagoshima was an important naval base during Japan's 20th century wars and the home of admiral Togo Heihachiro.More recent incidents are the sinking of a North Korean spy ship (100 ton class) in 2001 by the coast guard, which was later salvaged and exhibited in Tokyo, and the abduction of an office clerk from a Kagoshima beach in 1978 by agents from the same country. This became known only recently under the Koizumi administration.
Jeollabuk-do, South Korea:October 1989 duo-declaration
Hong KongFact|date=May 2007
United States: November 28, 1966became a sister state
Gifu Prefecture: July 27, 1971Became a sister prefecture
The following is a list of Kagoshima Prefecture's cities, and its administrative districts with their constituent towns and villages:
In the 2000s, many administrative mergers of cities towns and districts have occurred in Kagoshima Prefecture.
Although there are strong highschool teams, no major baseball or soccer club is based in the prefecture. A number of Kagoshima's ballparks play host to well-known teams:
*Kagoshima Prefectural Ballpark (鹿児島県立球場) Camp home of
Chiba Lotte Marines
*Kagoshima Municipal Ballpark (鹿児島市営球場)
*Ibusuki Municipal Ballpark (指宿市営球場) Camp home of Kokutesu Swallows
*Yunomoto Ballpark (湯之元球場) Camp home of Yakult Atoms
*Kagoshima Prefectural Kamonoike Trackfield (鹿児島県立鴨池陸上競技場) Camp home of
*Kagoshima Fureai Sportsland (鹿児島ふれあいスポーツランド) Camp home of
*Kagoshima Prefectural Kamonoike Trackfield (鹿児島県立鴨池陸上競技場) Camp home of Toshiba Fuchu Brave Rupas
Kirishima-Yaku National Parkis located in Kagoshima Prefecture.
No other prefecture has more Pachinko parlours per capita than Kagoshima.Fact|date=April 2007
Colleges and Universities
National Institute of Fitness and Sports in Kanoya(鹿屋体育大学)
The International University of Kagoshima(鹿児島国際大学)
Daiichi University, College of Technology(第一工業大学)
Kagoshima Prefectural College(鹿児島県立短期大学)
Kagoshima Immaculate Heart College(鹿児島純心女子短期大学)
Kagoshima Woman's College(鹿児島女子短期大学)
Daiichi Junior College of Infant Education(第一幼児教育短期大学)
The International University of Kagoshima, Junior College(鹿児島国際大学短期大学部)
*GPP : 4,834,400 m
Yen($44,170,000,000)The prefecture has strong agricultural roots: green tea, Sweet potato, Radish, Pongee rice, Satsuma potteryand Kurobutapork.
In 2005 about 120 000 tons of fish were entered at Makurazaki harbour.Fact|date=April 2007. Tourism is steadily increasing also from the neighbouring countries. Electric power generation is an economic factor in the prefecture. Lacking a major industrial exporter the biggest coorporation is Iwasaki Group of transport, hotels, gardens and Australian holdings.
The drilling for oil and gas in the middle of the Yellow Sea also could be seen as a prefectural concern.
*Saigō Takamori (soldier)
Iron Chef Hiroyuki Sakai(cook)
Kazuo Inamori(industrialist turned philanthropist)
Mika Nakashima(modern day artist)
2006 Kuril Islands earthquake
*en icon [http://www3.pref.kagoshima.jp/foreign/english/ Official Kagoshima Prefecture homepage]
* National Archives of Japan [http://jpimg.digital.archives.go.jp/jpg_prg/jgmWeb?%TmpFileDisp%env=jpeg2k_images/ezu/fukenchizu/033_kagoshima_e.env ... Kagoshima map (1891)]
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