canton=Lillebonne (chief town)
Communauté de communes Caux-Vallée de Seine
alt moy=6 m
alt mini=0 m
alt maxi=1,338 m
Lillebonne is a town and commune of
Francein the "département" of Seine-Maritime, 3.5 miles north of the Seineand 24 miles east of Le Havreby railway. As of 2004, the town has a population of 9,600.
Lillebonne under the Romans, Juliobona, was the capital of the Caletes, or inhabitants of the
Pays de Caux, in the time of Julius Caesar, by whom it was destroyed. It was afterwards rebuilt by Augustus, and before it was again ruined by the barbarianinvasions it had become an important centre whence Roman roads branched out in all directions. It was an administrative, military and commercial city located close to the Seine. This made it a great transportation route between Brittany (current England) and the remainder of the Roman Empire. It was also a crossroads of communication in order to bring Roman ways to Harfleur, Étretat, Dieppe, Évreuxand Rouen.
The remains of Roman baths and of a theater capable of holding 3,000 persons have been brought to light. Many Roman and Gallic relics, notably a
bronze statueof a woman and two fine mosaics, have been found and transported to the museum at Rouen. In the Middle Agesthe fortifications of the town were constructed out of materials supplied by the theater. The town recovered some of its old importance under William the Conqueror.
Lillebonne lies in the valley of the
Bolbec Riverat the foot of wooded hills at the junction of the D982, D29 and the D81 roads.,
churchof Notre Dame, partly modern, preserves a Gothic portal of the 16th centuryand a graceful tower of the same period. The park contains a fine cylindrical donjonand other remains of a castlefounded by William the Conquerorand rebuilt in the 13th century.
Gallo-Roman amphitheaterof Lillebonne was built in the first century and was altered in the second century so that it could be used as both an amphitheater and a theater. Part of its remains are still visible today from Félix Faur Square, and the foundations of some of its remnants (the wings and backdrop) remain under the square.
The principal industries are
cotton-spinning and the manufacture of calico and candles.
Wellington, Somerset, England
Immenstadt, Bavaria, Germany.
External links and references
* [http://www.ot-lillebonne.fr/guide_accueil.pdf Tourism office of Lillebonne] fr
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