- French Canada
French Canada is a term to distinguish the French-speaking population of
Canadafrom English Canada.
Because it has represented different realities at different points in time, the term "French Canada" can be interpreted in different ways. Roughly chronologically they are:
Canada, New France, was the historic homeland of the French Canadian people, the St. Lawrence Rivervalley, in the time of New France. It corresponds to the southern part of modern Quebecexcluding the Eastern Townships. Later, it was renamed the Province of Quebec (1763), Lower Canada(1791), Canada East(1840), and finally the Province of Quebec(1867) again.
All the communities where
French Canadians have settled in North America may be interpreted as French Canada. In this interpretation; Falher, Alberta; Bonnyville, Alberta; Gravelbourg, Saskatchewan; St. Boniface, Manitoba; Hawkesbury, Ontario; Montreal, Quebec; Manchester, New Hampshire; Burlington, Vermontare part of French Canada, while Pontiac, Stanstead, and most First Nationsin Quebec are not. French Canadian communities in the United Stateswere called " Little Canadas".
FrancophoneCanadians represent those areas with large concentrations of French speaking peoples. In this sense, Quebec, parts of New Brunswick, Eastern Ontario, Northern Ontario, Southern Manitoba, and smaller communities elsewhere fall under this category.
This can also represent the collection of all francophones in Canada, whether or not they live in communities with significant francophone populations. "Francophone" here may mean those who speak French natively, or it may alternatively include those allophones in Canada who, in various ways, are associated with French Canadian society more closely than with English Canadian society.
These Canadian francophones refer to themselves as "
Québécois" in Quebec, "Acadiens" in Atlantic Canada, " Fransaskois" in Saskatchewan, "Franco-Manitobains" in Manitoba, "Franco-Ontariens" in Ontario, "Franco-Albertains" in Alberta, "Franco-Colombiens" in British Columbia, " Franco-Terreneuvians" in Newfoundland and Labrador, " Franco-Yukonais" in the Yukonand " Franco-Ténois" in the Northwest Territoriesand Nunavut. With the exception of the Acadians who have a different history altogether, most French Canadians trace their origins to Quebec, although there are numerous more recent immigrants from various francophone communities around the world (e.g. Haitians).
French in Canada
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