A catboat (alternate spelling: cat boat), or a "cat-rigged" sailboat, is a sailing vessel characterized by a single mast carried well forward ("i.e.", near the front of the boat).

Although any boat with a single sail and a mast carried well forward is 'technically' a catboat, the traditional catboat has a wide beam approximately half the length of the boat, a centerboard, and a single gaff-rigged sail. Some catboats such as the Barnegat Bay type and more modern catboat designs carry a Bermuda sail. A jib is sometimes added, but this may require a bowsprit, and technically creates a sloop sail-plan.

It is generally accepted that the origin of the catboat type was in New York around 1840 and from there spread east and south as the virtues of the type - simplicity, ease of handling, shallow draft, large capacity - were discovered.

Historically, catboats were used for fishing and transport in the coastal waters around Cape Cod, Narragansett Bay, New York and New Jersey. Some were fitted with bowsprits for swordfishing and others were used as 'party boats' with canvas-sided, wood-framed summer cabins that could be rolled up.

Around the turn of the 19th century, catboats were adapted for racing, and long booms and gaffs, bowsprits and large jibs were fitted to capture as much wind as possible. The decline of racing and advent of small, efficient gasoline engines eliminated the need for large sailplans, and catboats today are used as pleasure craft for day sailing and cruising, and have the virtues of roominess, stability and simple handling, though many catboats have poorer upwind performance than well-designed sloop-rigged craft.

One of the most well-known catboats is the convert|12|ft|m|sing=on Beetle Cat daysailer. Fleets of these one-design boats are found in harbors all across New England, often competing in races. In the 1960's, Breck Marshall based his convert|18|ft|m|sing=on fiberglass "Sanderling" upon an existing, wooden design. The "Sanderling" has since become a very popular boat, with more than 700 built, and it has helped to rekindle interest in the catboat. To honor Marshall and his contribution to the type, the Catboat Association funded the construction of the "Breck Marshall", a convert|20|ft|m|sing=on catboat built and berthed at Mystic Seaport.

The terms "catboat" and "cat-rigged" are often confused with catamaran. "Catamaran" describes the hull structure of a boat (specifically, it refers to two hulls side-by-side) whereas "cat-rigged" and "catboat" describe the sail plan and vessel type, respectively. To add to the confusion, some small sporting catamarans are cat-rigged and both terms are abbreviated "cat" when no ambiguity is foreseen.

See also

* Beetle Cat - small "daysailer" catboat
* Nonsuch - a series of convert|18|ft|m|abbr=on to convert|36|ft|m|abbr=on modern catboats
* Inland Cat - 14.5 footer designed and built in Northern Indiana.



External links

* [ Cape Cod Shipbuilding] builders of fine sailboats for over 100 years.
* [ The Catboat Association] a non-profit organization dedicated to preserving the history, and promoting the use, of catboats.
* [ Wagner Boat Works] a manufacturer of traditionally-styled fiberglass catboats from 15 to convert|23|ft|m long.
* [ Marshall Marine Corporation] a manufacturer of traditionally-styled fiberglass catboats from 15 to convert|22|ft|m long.
* [ Thompson Boatworks] a manufacturer of 15- and convert|19|ft|m|sing=on long traditionally-styled fiberglass catboats. Now owned and supported by Wagner Boat Works.
* [ Arey's Pond Boat Yard] a manufacturer of traditionally-styled fiberglass catboats from 12 to convert|20|ft|m long.
* [] a resource for information about Menger Catboats built between 1976 and 2005. Now owned and supported by Wagner Boat Works.
* [ Selina II] the largest surviving vintage catboat.
* [ Beetle, Inc.] manufacturer of the Beetle catboat.
* [ New England Beetle Cat Boat Association] a non-profit organization dedicated to promoting the maintenance, restoration, preservation and just plain sailing the Beetle Cat Boat.
* [ Howard Boats] manufacturer of the Barnstable catboat, a fiberglass version of the traditional wooden Beetle catboat.
* [ "Catboat moments"] an article about catboats in the August 2005 issue of Soundings Magazine.

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать реферат

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Catboat — Cat boat , n. (Naut.) A small sailboat, with a single mast placed as far forward as possible, carring a sail extended by a gaff and long boom. See Illustration in Appendix. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Catboat — (engl., spr. kätt bōt), Schwertboot; s. Segelsport …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Catboat — (engl., spr. kättboht), amerik. Schwertboot (s. Schwert) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • catboat — [kat′bōt΄] n. a catrigged sailboat, usually having a centerboard …   English World dictionary

  • Catboat — Cat boat Breck Marshall, du musée maritime Mystic Seaport maritime museum, Connecticut …   Wikipédia en Français

  • catboat — noun Date: 1860 a sailboat having a cat rig and usually a centerboard and being of light draft and broad beam …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • catboat — /kat boht /, n. a boat having one mast set well forward with a single large sail. [1875 80; CAT1 + BOAT] * * * …   Universalium

  • catboat — noun A sailing boat with a single sail, usually rigged on a gaff spar, used for fishing in New England and later adapted for racing and cruising. Catboats can be recognized by a single mast set near to the bow and a long boom which may extend… …   Wiktionary

  • catboat — n. boat with one mast …   English contemporary dictionary

  • catboat n — yawl n …   English expressions

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”