- Treaty of Rarotonga
The Treaty of Rarotonga is the common name for the South Pacific Nuclear Free Zone Treaty, which formalizes a nuclear-weapon-free zone in the South Pacific. The treaty bans the use, testing, and possession of nuclear weapons within the borders of the zone. [ [http://www.lcnp.org/disarmament/nwfz/NewZealandExperience.htm LCNP.org - Nuclear Disarmament and Non-Proliferation - NWFZ ] ] [ [http://www.fas.org/nuke/control/spnfz/index.html South Pacific Nuclear Free Zone (SPNFZ) Treaty - Treaty of Rarotonga ] ] [ [http://www.nti.org/e_research/official_docs/inventory/pdfs/spnfz.pdf South Pacific Nuclear-Free Zone Treaty (Treaty Of Rarotonga) ] ] [ [http://frli.law.gov.au/s97.vts?action=View&VdkVgwKey=1997B02189&Collection=FRLI&ViewTemplate=frliview.hts South Pacific Nuclear Free Zone Treaty Regs ] ]
It was signed by the South Pacific nations of
Australia, the Cook Islands, Fiji, Kiribati, Nauru, New Zealand, Niue, Papua New Guinea, the Solomon Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu, Vanuatuand Western Samoaon the island of Rarotonga(where the capitalof the Cook Islands is located) on August 6, 1985, and has since been ratified by all of those states.
Federal States of Micronesia, Marshall Islands, and Palauare not eligible, since they are part of the so-called Compact of Free Associationwhich provides access to nuclear submarines of the United States of America.
There are three protocols to the treaty: the first governs territories held by nuclear armed states in the zone, the others govern nuclear states in general. In
1996 Franceand the United Kingdomsigned and ratified the three protocols of the treaty. The USAsigned them the same year but never ratified them. China signed and ratified protocols two and three in 1987.
List of states
* [http://www.opanal.org/NWFZ/Rarotonga/rarotonga.htm Text of the treaty]
* [http://www.opanal.org/NWFZ/Rarotonga/rarotonga-i1.htm Status of the South Pacific Nuclear Free Zone Treaty]
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