- Thirteenth Amendment of the Constitution of Ireland
The Thirteenth Amendment of the
Constitution of Irelandspecified that the prohibition of abortion would not limit freedom of travel in and out of the state. It was effected by the Thirteenth Amendment of the Constitution Act, 1992, which was approved by referendumon 25 November 1992 and signed into law on the 23 December of the same year.
Changes to the text
*Insertion of new subsection in Article 40.3.3::This subsection shall not limit freedom to travel between the State and another state.
*Together, this, and the Fourteenth Amendment made the full text of the constitution in regard to abortion (40.3.3) the following:
:The State acknowledges the right to life of the unborn and, with due regard to the equal right to life of the mother, guarantees in its laws to respect, and, as far as practicable, by its laws to defend and vindicate that right.
:This subsection shall not limit freedom to travel between the State and another state.
:This subsection shall not limit freedom to obtain or make available, in the State, subject to such conditions as may be laid down by law, information relating to services lawfully available in another state.
The Amendment was adopted in November 1992 by a
plebisciteof the Irish people, largely in response to " Attorney General v. X" - a case that arose where a 14-year-old girl who had become pregnant from rapewas threatened with legal action for travelling to the United Kingdomto obtain an abortion.
It specifies that the prohibition of
abortionwould not limit freedom of travel from Ireland to other countries where a person might legally obtain an abortion.
In the same referendum, the Fourteenth Amendment was approved guaranteeing
freedom of speechwith respect to the issue. Another amendment (see Twelfth Amendment), which would have held that the possibility of suicide was not a sufficient threat to justify an abortion, was rejected.
Politics of the Republic of Ireland
History of the Republic of Ireland
Irish constitutional referendum, November 1992
* [http://www.irishstatutebook.ie/1992/en/act/cam/0013/index.html Thirteenth Amendment of the Constitution Act, 1992] (Full text at [http://www.irishstatutebook.ie IrishStatuteBook.ie] )
* [http://www.taoiseach.gov.ie/attached_files/html%20files/Constitution%20of%20Ireland%20(Eng).htm Full text of the Constitution of Ireland] (Accurate up to and including the Twenty-seventh Amendment from [http://www.taoiseach.gov.ie/ Department of the Taoiseach] )
* [http://www.johnpghall.pwp.blueyonder.co.uk/ The Unabridged Constitution of Ireland] (Unofficial variorum edition – accurate only up to Twentieth Amendment)
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