- Reprise Records
infobox record label
Warner Music Group
founded = 1960
Frank Sinatraand Dean Martin
distributor = Warner Bros. Records (U.S.)
WEA (outside the U.S.)
genre = Various
country = U.S.
url = [http://www.repriserecords.com/ Official Web site of Reprise Records]
Reprise was formed in 1960 [ [http://www.bsnpubs.com/warner/reprise/reprisestory.html Reprise Records story] . ] by Frank Sinatra in order to allow more artistic freedom for his own recordings. Hence, he garnered the nickname "The Chairman of the Board." [ [http://www-tech.mit.edu/V110/N57/sinatr.57a.html "The Chairman of the Board hits another quarter century", by John Ward, The Tech, 12/11/90] ] Having left Capitol/
EMIand, after trying to buy Norman Granz's Verve Records, the first album Sinatra released on Reprise was " Ring-A-Ding-Ding". Fellow Rat Packmembers Dean Martinand Sammy Davis Jr.also moved to the label. Stand-up comedian Redd Foxxalso recorded for the label during its fledgling years. As CEO of Reprise, Frank Sinatra recruited a host of his cronies for the fledgling label. The original roster from 1961 to 63 included such names as Bing Crosby, Jo Stafford, Rosemary Clooney and Esquivel. The label still issues any Sinatra work recorded while on the label and, after his death in 1998, it had great success with his greatest hits collections.
One of the label's founding principles under Sinatra's leadership was that each artist would have full creative freedom, and at some point complete ownership of their work; including publishing rights. This is the reason why recordings of early Reprise artists (Dean Martin, Jimi Hendrix,
The Kinks, etc.) are (in most cases) currently distributed through other labels. In Martin's case, his Reprise recordings were out of print for nearly 20 years before a deal was struck with Capitol Records.
Reprise was sold to
Warner Bros. Recordsin early 1963. Many of the older artists were dropped when Sinatra sold control of the label to Warner Bros. in 1963. At that point, label executives began targeting younger acts beginning with the Kinks in 1964. Reprise would later add teen-oriented pop acts like Dino, Desi, & Billyand Nancy Sinatra, before moving almost exclusively to pop-oriented music in the late 1960s. In the late 1970s, as Joni Mitchelland Captain Beefhearthad left the label, Sinatra expressed a wish to be the sole artist on Reprise, but Neil Youngrefused to leave. Mitchell returned to the label in the late 1980s after a stint on Geffen Records but now records for Hear Music. Young remains on Reprise to this day, though he also recorded for Geffen in the 1980s.
In 1977, Warner Bros. hibernated Reprise, reassigning all of its retained acts to the main Warner Bros. label. Although older catalog albums continued to be reissued with the Reprise logo, there were no new releases on the Reprise imprint until the label was reactivated in 1988—with several successful Warner Bros. artists, including: the
B-52sand Randy Travis, being transferred to the label. Fact|date=June 2008 In the time since, Warner Bros. has often elevated the stature of Reprise to the rank of secondary parent label, as many of its subsidiary labels (such as Straight and Kinetic) have had their records released in conjunction with Reprise.
Today, in addition to Young, it is home to such artists as
The Secret Machines, Oasis, Michael Bublé, Avenged Sevenfold, The Used, Mastodon, Eric Clapton, Green Day, Fleetwood Mac, Serj Tankian, Josh Groban, My Chemical Romanceand Disturbed. Reprise is also the North American label for British band Depeche Mode.
It was formerly home to the
Jimi Hendrixand the Barenaked Ladies' catalogs in the U.S.
Reprise Records artists
Grand Jury Records(1990–1993)
Giant Records(1990-1994, Warner Brothers took over the duties until Giant folded.)
Vapor Records(1995–present; current status unknown)
In Bloom Records(1998–2000)
List of record labels
* [http://globaldogproductions.info/r/reprise.html A discography of American Reprise singles from 1961 to 1970]
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