- Yungay, Peru
official_name = Yungay
image_caption = Cemetery in Yungay
seal_size = 100px
map_caption = Location of in Peru
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = PER
subdivision_type1 = Region
subdivision_type2 = Province
subdivision_type3 = District
settlement_type = Town
latd=09 |latm=08 |lats=22 |latNS=S
longd=77 |longm=44 |longs=42|longEW=W
Yungay is a town in the
Ancash Regionin north central Peru, South America.
Yungay is located in the
Callejón de Huaylason Río Santaat an elevation of 2,500 m, 450 km north of Lima, the country's capital. East of the small town there are the mountain ridges of snow-covered Cordillera Blanca, with Huascarán, Peru's highest mountain, no more than 15 km east of Yungay.
Yungay is the capital of
Yungay Province, as well as the main town in the Yungay District. Yungay Province has a population of 60,000 (2000 estimate). The Province of Yungay occupies part of the Callejón de Huaylas, the ConchucosValley (Yanama), the coast of Ancash (Quillo) and the Huascarán National Park.
The "Restoration" army, a Chilean-Peruvian army during the
War of the Confederation, defeated the army of the Peru-Bolivian Confederationduring the Battle of Yungayon January 20, 1839, marking the dissolution of the short-lived confederacy.
A remarkable event of the
history of Peruhappened in Yungay, where in the Guitarrero CaveUS archeologist Thomas F. Lynch (Cornell University, USA, 1969) discovered very old cultural vestiges from circa 10,000 BCE, making this place "one of the great testimonies of the origin of agriculture in América".
May 31, 1970a landslidecaused by the 1970 Ancash earthquakeburied the whole town, killing 25,000 persons. Only 92 people survived, most of whom were in the cemetery and stadium at the time of the earthquake, as these zones were the highest in town.
The Peruvian government has forbidden excavation in the area where the old town of Yungay is buried, declaring it a national cemetery.
Pop Culture Reference
A television commercial for a Peruvian language institute made the city popular, when it showed an American tourist talking to a Peruvian security guard, telling him that she had fallen madly in love with him, saying "I love you guy". The security guard didn't speak English, so he thought she was asking about a street named after the city of 'Yungay'. The TV ad became very popular in Peru and has become part of the country's pop culture.
* [http://www.andaman.org/BOOK/chapter54/text-Guitarrero/text-Guitarrero.htm Guitarrero caves near Yungay (Peru). First agriculture evidence of Peru 10,000 years ago] (maps and fotos)
Earthquake of 31 May 1970
* [http://www.chimboteonline.com/earthquake.html Earthquake 31 May 1970] (chimboteonline)
* [http://www.yungayperu.com.pe/sismo.htm Earthquake 31 May 1970] (yungayperu.com, with details and fotos of the catastrophe)
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