- Yama Zatdaw
Yama Zatdaw, unofficially Myanmar's national epic, is the Burmese version of the
Ramayana. There are nine known pieces of the Yama Zatdaw in Myanmar. The Burmese name for the story itself is "Yamayana", while "zatdaw" refers to the acted play.
The Yama Zatdaw was introduced by oral tradition during King Anawratha's reign. It was influenced greatly by
Ayutthaya Kingdom, during which various Konbaung Dynastykings invaded the kingdom. The invasions often brought back spoils of war, including elements of Ramakien(Thai version of Ramayana) into the epic.
The characters of Yama Zatdaw share the same features and characteristics as those in the original story. However, in acting, the costumes are a mixture of
Bamarand Thai elements. The names of the characters, in general, are Burmese transliterations of the Sanskrit names. Ramais known as Yama; Sita is known as Thida; Ravanais known as Dat-thigiri.
* [http://www.goldenlandpages.com/hotspots/rama/rama.htm "Ramayana in Myanmar's Heart"]
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