- Cameronians (Scottish Rifles)
Infobox Military Unit
unit_name=The Cameronians (Scottish Rifles)
caption=Cap Badge of The Cameronians (Scottish Rifles)
1 July 1881- 14 May 1968
size= Two Regular battalions till 1948,plus Territorials
ceremonial_chief=HM King Gustaf VI Adolf
ceremonial_chief_label=Colonel in Chief
colonel_of_the_regiment= Major General Henry Templar Alexander, CB CBE DSO
nickname=The Poison Dwarves
motto="Nemo Me Impune Lacessit" (Nobody Attacks Me With Impunity) (
identification_symbol_2= [http://www.regiments.org/tradition/tartans/douglas.htm Douglas]
march=Quick - "Within a mile of Edinboro Town"
Slow - "The Garb of Old Gaul"
anniversaries=The Cameronians (Scottish Rifles) was an
infantry regimentof the British Army, the only regiment of rifles amongst the Scottish regiments of infantry. It was formed in 1881 under the Childers Reformsby the amalgamation of two other regiments:
*26th Cameronian Regiment
*90th Perthshire Light Infantry
The regiment saw service during the
Second Boer Warin South Africa, and raised 27 battalionsduring the First World War. The 1st Battalion saw action in Burmaduring the Second World War, while the 2nd Battalion was in Europe. The 6th, 7th, and 9th Battalions also served in Europe (the 5th and 6th with the 52nd (Lowland) Division, and the 9th with the 15th (Scottish) Division. In 1948, along with every other regiment of line infantry, the Cameronians was reduced to a single battalion. Under the reforms of the army in the 1966 Defence White Paper, which saw several regiments amalgamated, the Cameronians chose to disband rather than amalgamate with another regiment in the Lowland Brigade. The 1st Battalion, The Cameronians was disbanded on 14 May, 1968at Douglas Castle, near Douglas, South Lanarkshirein the presence of the Duke of Hamilton. Its recruiting area in Lanarkshireand Dumfries and Gallowaytaken over by the King's Own Scottish Borderersand the Regimental Headquarters finally closed in 1987. However, the name of the Cameronians continued through the Territorial Army, with two companies of the 52nd Lowland Regimentbadged as Cameronians. One company was disbanded in 1992, and the other was rebadged as the King's Own Scottish Borderers in 1997.
Every new member of the regiment was issued a
Bible, as a nod to Richard Cameron, after whom the original 26th Foot was named.
In Honour of the regiment's first Colonel,
James Douglas, Earl of Angusthe tartanwas that of the House of Douglas, which was worn as trewsby all ranks (except the regiment's pipers, who wore kilts). Until 1914 the regiment wore a unique full dress uniform, comprising a rifle green shako with black upright plume, rifle green doublet and Douglas tartan trews
cap badgefeatured a Mullet from the coat of arms of the Douglas family on a stringed bugle within two sprigs of thistle.
The pipers of the 1st Battalion wore a distinctive badge of the Mullet with a scroll below bearing the name "The Cameronians". The
sporrans and dirks of the pipers of the 2nd Battalion carried a reproduction of the coat of arms of the City of Perth
As a regiment of rifles, the Cameronians carried no colours, instead wearing its
battle honourson its "appointments" (drums)
The regiment's only
Colonel-in-Chiefwas King Gustaf VI Adolf of Sweden.
The Regiment mounted an armed guard at the doors of the
Kirkduring religious services.
Honours and affiliations
* [combined battle honours of 26th Regiment and 90th Regiment, plus:]
**Blenheim1, Ramillies1, Oudenarde1, Malplaquet1, South Africa 1846-72, South Africa 1877-8-92, Relief of Ladysmith, South Africa 1899-1902
1. awarded 1882 for services of 26th Regiment.
2. awarded 1882 for services of 90th Regiment.
The Great War
Mons, Le Cateau, Retreat from Mons, Marne 1914 1918, Aisne 1914, La Bassée 1914, Messines 1914, Armentières 1914,
Neuve Chapelle, Aubers, Loos, Somme 1916 1918, Albert 1916, Bazentin, Pozières, Flers-Courcelette, Le Transloy, Ancre Heights, Arras 1917 1918, Scarpe 1917 '18, Arleux, Ypres 1917 '18, Pilckem, Langemarck 1917, Menin Road, Polygon Wood, Passchendaele, St Quentin, Rosières, Avre, Lys, Hazebrouck, Bailleul, Kemmel, Scherpenberg, Soissonnais-Ourcq, Drocourt-Quéant, Hindenberg Line, Épéhy, Canal du Nord, St Quentin Canal, Cambrai 1918, Courtrai, Selle, Sambre
Doiran 1917 1918
Battle of Gaza, El Mughar, Nebi Samwil, Jaffa
econd World War
North-West Europe 1940
North-West Europe 1944-45
Odon, Cheux, Caen, Mont Pincon, Estry, Nederrijn, Best, Scheldt, South Beveland, Walcheren Causeway, Asten, Roer, Rhineland, Reichswald, Moyland, Rhine, Dreirwalde, Bremen, Artlenberg
Landing in Sicily, Simeto Bridgehead, Sicily 1943, Garigliano Crossing, Anzio, Advance to Tiber
Burma 1942 & 1944
Pegu 1942, Paungde, Yenagyaung 1942, Chindits 1944
*The Perth Regiment -1965:
*26th Battalion (The Logan and Albert Regiment) 1928-1951:
*The Otago Regiment -1948:
*The Otago and Southland Regiment 1948-1968:
*The Witwatersrand Rifles 1937-1961:
Ghana Regiment: Ghana
7th Duke of Edinburgh's Own Gurkha Rifles1951?-1968: United Kingdom
Notable former members of the regiment
Sultan Qaboos; Sayyed Qaboos bin Sa'id Al 'Bu Sa'id; ruler of the Sultantate of Oman; served with the Cameronians in Germany in 1964 after completing his officer training at Sandhurst.
General George Carter-Campbell; British Army general best known for his outstanding bravery in World War I.
Major-GeneralJohn Dutton (Johnny) Frost; British airborne officer best known for being the leader of the small group of airborne forces that actually got to Arnhem bridge during Operation Market Garden.
GeneralSir Richard Nugent O'Connor; British Army general who commanded the Western Desert Forcein the early years of World War II.
* See also .
Museum and Monuments
The Cameronians Museum
The Cameronians Museum is located within the Low Parks Museum,
Hamilton, South Lanarkshire, South Lanarkshire. [http://www.cameronians.org/museum/index.html]
cairncommemorating the disbandment of the regiment can be found near Douglas, South Lanarkshire, within a mile of the site of the ceremony. [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/259019]
Also within the village there is a statue of the
Earl of Angusto commemorate the 200 years which had passed since the regiment was raised. [http://www.community-council.org.uk/Douglas/index.asp?pageid=81]
The monument located in
Kelvingrove Park, Glasgowby Philip Lindsey Clark, was unveiled on 9 August, 1924and depicts men of the regiment manning a Lewis gun. [http://www.glasgowsculpture.com/pg_images.php?sub=cameronians] [http://www.glasgowguide.co.uk/gpages/glasgow-cameronians1z.html]
* [http://www.lightinfantryreunited.co.uk Light Infantry Reunited - Site for all ex and serving Light Infantry/RGJ and Rifles personnel]
* [http://www.cameronians.org/index.html The Cameronians]
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