Bioregionalism is a term used to describe a political, cultural, and environmental system based on naturally-defined areas called bioregions, or
ecoregions. Bioregions are defined through physical and environmental features, including watershed boundaries and soiland terraincharacteristics. Bioregionalism stresses that the determination of a bioregion is also a cultural phenomenon and places emphasis on local level populations, knowledge, and solutions. [" [http://trumpeter.athabascau.ca/content/v13.3/alexander.html Bioregionalism: The Need For a Firmer Theoretical Foundation] ", Don Alexander, Trumpeter v13.3, 1996.]
The term appears to have originated in work by Peter Berg and Raymond Dasmann in the early 1970s. ["Reinhabiting California", Peter Berg and Raymond Dasmann, The Ecologist 7, no. 10 (1977)]
The bioregionalist perspective opposes a homogeneous economy and consumer culture with its lack of stewardship towards the environment. This perspective seeks to:
*Ensure that political boundaries match ecological boundaries. [Davidson, S. (2007) 'The Troubled Marriage of Deep Ecology and Bioregionalism', "Environmental Values", vol. 16(3): 313-332]
*Highlight the unique
ecologyof the bioregion.
*Encourage consumption of
local foods where possible.
*Encourage the use of local materials where possible.
*Encourage the cultivation of native plants of the region.
*Encourage sustainability in harmony with the bioregion. [Bastedo, 1994. See Bibliography.]
North American Bioregional Assemblies have been bi-annual gatherings of bioregionalists throughout North America since 1984 and have given rise to national level
Green Parties.In addition, bioregionalism spawned the sustainability movement. The tenets of bioregionalism are often used by green movements, which oppose political organizations whose boundaries conform to existing electoral districts. This problem is perceived to result in elected representatives voting in accordance with their constituents, some of who may live outside of a defined bioregion, and may run counter to the well-being of the bioregion. Bioregionalism has also been used by local level Green Party members, such as the OkanaganGreens, seeking greater independence from state/provincial and national level Green Parties. Furthermore, bioregionalism has been used to magnify the voting power of highly concentrated groups of Greens living in remote areas. For example, while 50% of British Columbia's population might live in the Fraser Valley bioregion, perhaps 2-3% reside within the Middle Fraser bioregion. Citations missing|date=August 2008
Index of Bioregions
* Caledonian conifer forests
English Lowlands beech forests
* Southern Appalachian or
List of ecoregions
*"Reinhabiting A Separate Country: A Bioregional Anthology of Northern California", edited by Peter Berg, San Francisco, Planet Drum, 1978. ISBN 0-937102-00-8.
*"Bioregionalism", edited by Michael McGinnis, Routledge, 1998. ISBN 0-415-15445-6.
*"Dwellers in the Land: The Bioregional Vision", Kirkpatrick Sale, Random House, 1985. ISBN 0-8203-2205-9 (University of Georgia Press, 2000).
*"A Place in Space: Ethics, Aesthetics, and Watersheds",
Gary Snyder, Counterpoint, 1995. ISBN 1-887178-27-9
*"LifePlace: Bioregional Thought and Practice", Robert Thayer, University of California Press, 2003. ISBN 0-520-23628-9
*"Shield Country: The Life and Times of the Oldest Piece of the Planet", Jamie Bastedo, Red Deer Press, 1994. ISBN 0-88995-191-8
*" [http://shopping237.com/cgi-bin/carts/ediargo.it/ccart/store.cgi?action=link&sku=ISBN8888659196&uid=4 Bioregionalimo] . La visione locale di un mondo globale", Emanuele Guerrieri Ciaceri, Argo Edizioni, Italia 2006. ISBN 9788888659190
* [http://www.planetdrum.org Planet Drum Foundation] website.
* [http://www.bioregional-congress.org/ North American Bioregional Congress website]
* [http://bioregion.ucdavis.edu/who/overview.html Putah-Cache Bioregion Project] - interdisciplinary research and educational project at UC Davis.
* [http://www.eoearth.org/article/Ecoregion Encyclopedia of Earth: Ecoregion]
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