Bioregionalism is a term used to describe a political, cultural, and environmental system based on naturally-defined areas called bioregions, or ecoregions. Bioregions are defined through physical and environmental features, including watershed boundaries and soil and terrain characteristics. Bioregionalism stresses that the determination of a bioregion is also a cultural phenomenon and places emphasis on local level populations, knowledge, and solutions. [" [ Bioregionalism: The Need For a Firmer Theoretical Foundation] ", Don Alexander, Trumpeter v13.3, 1996.]


The term appears to have originated in work by Peter Berg and Raymond Dasmann in the early 1970s. ["Reinhabiting California", Peter Berg and Raymond Dasmann, The Ecologist 7, no. 10 (1977)]

The bioregionalist perspective opposes a homogeneous economy and consumer culture with its lack of stewardship towards the environment. This perspective seeks to:
*Ensure that political boundaries match ecological boundaries. [Davidson, S. (2007) 'The Troubled Marriage of Deep Ecology and Bioregionalism', "Environmental Values", vol. 16(3): 313-332]
*Highlight the unique ecology of the bioregion.
*Encourage consumption of local foods where possible.
*Encourage the use of local materials where possible.
*Encourage the cultivation of native plants of the region.
*Encourage sustainability in harmony with the bioregion. [Bastedo, 1994. See Bibliography.]

In politics

North American Bioregional Assemblies have been bi-annual gatherings of bioregionalists throughout North America since 1984 and have given rise to national level Green Parties.In addition, bioregionalism spawned the sustainability movement. The tenets of bioregionalism are often used by green movements, which oppose political organizations whose boundaries conform to existing electoral districts. This problem is perceived to result in elected representatives voting in accordance with their constituents, some of who may live outside of a defined bioregion, and may run counter to the well-being of the bioregion. Bioregionalism has also been used by local level Green Party members, such as the Okanagan Greens, seeking greater independence from state/provincial and national level Green Parties. Furthermore, bioregionalism has been used to magnify the voting power of highly concentrated groups of Greens living in remote areas. For example, while 50% of British Columbia's population might live in the Fraser Valley bioregion, perhaps 2-3% reside within the Middle Fraser bioregion. Citations missing|date=August 2008

Index of Bioregions

* Caledonian conifer forests
* Cascadia (bioregion)
* Eastern Piedmont bioregion
* English Lowlands beech forests
* Southern Appalachian or Katuah bioregion

ee also

* Eco-Communalism
* Ecological footprint
* Grassroots democracy
* List of ecoregions
* Social ecology
* BioRegional



*"Reinhabiting A Separate Country: A Bioregional Anthology of Northern California", edited by Peter Berg, San Francisco, Planet Drum, 1978. ISBN 0-937102-00-8.
*"Bioregionalism", edited by Michael McGinnis, Routledge, 1998. ISBN 0-415-15445-6.
*"Dwellers in the Land: The Bioregional Vision", Kirkpatrick Sale, Random House, 1985. ISBN 0-8203-2205-9 (University of Georgia Press, 2000).
*"A Place in Space: Ethics, Aesthetics, and Watersheds", Gary Snyder, Counterpoint, 1995. ISBN 1-887178-27-9
*"LifePlace: Bioregional Thought and Practice", Robert Thayer, University of California Press, 2003. ISBN 0-520-23628-9
*"Shield Country: The Life and Times of the Oldest Piece of the Planet", Jamie Bastedo, Red Deer Press, 1994. ISBN 0-88995-191-8
*" [ Bioregionalimo] . La visione locale di un mondo globale", Emanuele Guerrieri Ciaceri, Argo Edizioni, Italia 2006. ISBN 9788888659190

External links

* [ Planet Drum Foundation] website.
* [ North American Bioregional Congress website]
* [ Putah-Cache Bioregion Project] - interdisciplinary research and educational project at UC Davis.
* [ Encyclopedia of Earth: Ecoregion]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем сделать НИР

Look at other dictionaries:

  • bioregionalism — noun Date: 1981 an environmentalist movement to make political boundaries coincide with bioregions • bioregionalist noun or adjective …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • bioregionalism — bi·o·re·gion·al·ism (bī ō rēʹjə nə lĭz əm) n. The belief that social organization and environmental policies should be based on the bioregion rather than on a region determined by political or economic boundaries.   bi o·reʹgion·al·ist n. * * * …   Universalium

  • bioregionalism — noun The belief that naturally defined regions (bioregions or ecoregions) should be the basis of political or cultural identity …   Wiktionary

  • bioregionalism — noun the belief that human activity should be constrained by ecological or geographical boundaries rather than political ones. Derivatives bioregionalist noun …   English new terms dictionary

  • bioregionalism — bio·regionalism …   English syllables

  • bioregionalism — …   Useful english dictionary

  • Biorégion — Une biorégion correspond à un territoire dont les limites ne sont pas définies par des frontières politiques, mais par des limites géographiques qui prennent en compte tant les communautés humaines que les écosystèmes[1]. Le terme de biorégion a… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Eco-socialism — Green red redirects here. For other uses, see Red green (disambiguation). Socialism …   Wikipedia

  • Joel Kovel — (born 27 August 1936) is an American politician, academic, writer and eco socialist. A practicing psychiatrist and psychoanalyst until the mid 1980s, he has lectured in psychiatry, anthropology, political science and communication studies. He has …   Wikipedia

  • Nine Nations of North America — The Nine Nations of North America is a book written in 1981 by Joel Garreau. In it, Garreau argues that North America can be divided into nine regions, or nations , which have distinctive economic and cultural features. He argues that… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”