# Partition

Partition

Generally, a partition is a splitting of something into parts. The term is used in a variety of senses:

Law

*Partition (law), to divide up a piece of land into separate portions representing the proportionate interests of the tenants. It may also consist of dividing a property with common ownership into identifiable individual ownership

Computing

* Disk partitioning organisation of a disk on PC systems
* RTOS or IMA partitioning: In the case of Integrated Modular Avionics and the use of Real-Time Operating Systems, there are at least four types of partitioning often required: spatial partitioning, temporal partitioning, control partitioning and resource partitioning. Using these techniques, high integrity processes are protected from other, or low integrity, processes.
* Partition (database) division of a database into parts
* Logical partition division of a physical memory into protected areas

Mathematics

* List of partition topics
* Partition of a set, a collection of non-empty subsets such that every element belongs to one and only one of the subsets
* Partition (number theory), a way to write a positive integer as a sum of other positive integers; the partition function gives the number of different ways to partition a number
* Multiplicative partition, a way to write an integer greater than 1 as a product of other integers that are also greater than 1.
* Partition problem, an NP-complete problem: given a set of integers, can the set be partitioned into two subsets with equal sums?
* A partition of unity is a set of functions whose sum is the constant function
* Partition of an interval, used in the theory of the Riemann integral and the Riemann-Stieltjes integral

Music

* Partition (music) &mdash; a method of creating segments from sets when the twelve-tone technique is used

Film

Physics

* Partition function (statistical mechanics)
* Partition function (quantum field theory)

Political geography

* Partition (politics)

Notable examples are:
* Partitions of Poland and Poland-Lithuania in the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries
* 1905 Partition of Bengal and 1947 Partition of Bengal
* Partition of India (colonial British India) in 1947 into the independent dominions (later republics) of India and Pakistan (which included modern day Bangladesh)
* Partition of Punjab in 1966 into the states of Punjab, Haryana and Himachal Pradesh
* Partition of Pakistan in 1971, when East Pakistan became the independent nation of Bangladesh after the Bangladesh Liberation War
* 1947 UN Partition Plan for Palestine (region)
* Partition of Ireland in 1920 into the independent Irish Free State and (British) Northern Ireland
* Treaty of Kars of 1921, which partitioned Ottoman Armenia between the republic of Turkey and the then Soviet Union (Western and Eastern Armenia)
* Partition of Vietnam in 1954
* Partitions of Luxembourg, last in 1838 into Duchy of Luxembourg and Belgian province
* The hypothetical partition of the Canadian province of Quebec

Furniture

* Office partitions, which may be used to form cubicles
* Folding screens such as Byōbu
* Industrial partitions generally constructed of wire mesh panels. These wire partitions are used to separate and/or secure different zones within an industrial manufacturing or distribution facility.

*Division (disambiguation)
*Stratification

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Synonyms:

### Look at other dictionaries:

• partition — par·ti·tion /pär ti shən/ n: the severance voluntarily or by legal proceedings of common or undivided interests in property and esp. real property: division into severalty of property held jointly or in common or the sale of such property by a… …   Law dictionary

• partition — par‧ti‧tion [pɑːˈtɪʆn ǁ pər , pɑːr ] noun [countable] 1. a thin wall that divides one part of a large room from another, for example in an open plan office: • glass partitions 2. COMPUTING one of the parts that a computer’s memory, such as a… …   Financial and business terms

• Partition — Par*ti tion, n. [F. partition, L. partitio. See {Part}, v.] 1. The act of parting or dividing; the state of being parted; separation; division; distribution; as, the partition of a kingdom. [1913 Webster] And good from bad find no partition. Shak …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

• Partition — Par*ti tion, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Partitioned}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Partitioning}.] 1. To divide into parts or shares; to divide and distribute; as, to partition an estate among various heirs. [1913 Webster] 2. To divide into distinct parts by lines …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

• Partition — (lat. partitio ‚Abschnitt, Teil‘), auch Partitionierung (‚Aufteilung‘), bezeichnet: die Landesteilung in der Politik in der Mengenlehre eine Unterteilung von Mengen, siehe Partition (Mengenlehre) die Unterteilung von Datenträgern, siehe Partition …   Deutsch Wikipedia

• partition — Partition. s. f. Terme d arithmetique. Division d un nombre par un autre. Regle de partition. Il signifie aussi une Composition de musique dont toutes les parties sont ensemble l une au dessous de l autre. A voir la partition de cette musique on… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

• partition — [n] divider, division allotment, apportionment, barrier, detachment, disconnection, dissolution, distribution, disunion, dividing, hindrance, obstruction, parting, portion, rationing, rupture, screen, segregation, separation, severance, share,… …   New thesaurus

• partition — ► NOUN 1) a structure dividing a space into parts, especially a light interior wall. 2) division into parts, especially the division of a country into self governing parts. ► VERB 1) divide into parts. 2) divide or separate (a room or part of a… …   English terms dictionary

• partition — [pär tish′ən] n. [ME particioune < L partitio] 1. a parting or being parted; division into parts; separation; apportionment 2. something that separates or divides, as an interior wall dividing one room from another 3. a part or section;… …   English World dictionary

• Partition — (v. lat. Partitio), 1) Theilung; 2) so v.w. Division …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

• Partition [1] — Partition (lat.), Teilung, Einteilung. In der antiken Rhetorik heißt partitio das Zerlegen des Ganzen in seine Teile (oft von divisio, dem Zerlegen der Gattung in ihre Arten, noch unterschieden) …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon