- Partition
Generally, a

**partition**is a splitting of something into parts. The term is used in a variety of senses:**Law***

Partition (law) , to divide up a piece of land into separate portions representing the proportionate interests of the tenants. It may also consist of dividing a property with common ownership into identifiable individual ownership**Computing***

Disk partitioning organisation of a disk on PC systems

*RTOS or IMA partitioning: In the case of Integrated Modular Avionics and the use of Real-Time Operating Systems, there are at least four types of partitioning often required: spatial partitioning, temporal partitioning, control partitioning and resource partitioning. Using these techniques, high integrity processes are protected from other, or low integrity, processes.

*Partition (database) division of a database into parts

*Logical partition division of a physical memory into protected areas**Mathematics***

List of partition topics

*Partition of a set , a collection of non-empty subsets such that every element belongs to one and only one of the subsets

*Partition (number theory) , a way to write a positive integer as a sum of other positive integers; the partition function gives the number of different ways to partition a number

*Multiplicative partition , a way to write an integer greater than 1 as a product of other integers that are also greater than 1.

*Partition problem , an NP-complete problem: given a set of integers, can the set be partitioned into two subsets with equal sums?

* Apartition of unity is a set of functions whose sum is the constant function

*Partition of an interval , used in the theory of the Riemann integral and the Riemann-Stieltjes integral**Music***

Partition (music) — a method of creating segments from sets when the twelve-tone technique is used**Film***"Partition" (film)

*"Partition" (1987 film)**Physics***

Partition function (statistical mechanics)

*Partition function (quantum field theory) **Political geography***

Partition (politics) Notable examples are:

*Partitions of Poland and Poland-Lithuania in the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries

* 1905 Partition of Bengal and 1947 Partition of Bengal

*Partition of India (colonial British India) in 1947 into the independent dominions (later republics) of India and Pakistan (which included modern day Bangladesh)

* Partition of Punjab in 1966 into the states of Punjab, Haryana and Himachal Pradesh

* Partition of Pakistan in 1971, when East Pakistan became the independent nation of Bangladesh after the Bangladesh Liberation War

*1947 UN Partition Plan for Palestine (region)

*Partition of Ireland in 1920 into the independent Irish Free State and (British) Northern Ireland

*Treaty of Kars of 1921, which partitioned Ottoman Armenia between the republic of Turkey and the then Soviet Union (Western and Eastern Armenia)

*Partition of Vietnam in 1954

*Partitions of Luxembourg , last in 1838 into Duchy of Luxembourg and Belgian province

* The hypothetical partition of the Canadian province of Quebec**Furniture*** Office partitions, which may be used to form

cubicle s

* Folding screens such asByōbu

* Industrial partitions generally constructed of wire mesh panels. These wire partitions are used to separate and/or secure different zones within an industrial manufacturing or distribution facility.**See also***

Division (disambiguation)

*Stratification

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