Kōbō Abe

Kōbō Abe

, pseudonym of Kimifusa Abe ("Abe Kimifusa", March 7, 1924January 22, 1993) was a Japanese writer, playwright, photographer and inventor.

His name is romanized as "Kobo Abe" in Vintage International's English-language editions of his book, while Columbia University Press offers "Three Plays by Kōbō Abe".

Biography

Abe was born in Kita, Tokyo, grew up in Mukden (now Shen-yang) in Manchuria, this early life experience in Manchuria gave Abe‘s novels very romantic and honest colors. His father was a physician who taught at the medical college. Abe returned to Japan in 1941 and began studies at Tokyo Imperial University in 1943. He graduated in 1948 with a medical degree, on the condition that he would not practice. He was first published as a poet with "Mumei Shishu" ("Poems of an unknown poet") in 1947. The next year he published his first novel, "Owarishi michi no shirube ni" ("The Road Sign at the End of the Street") which established his reputation. He worked as an avant-garde novelist and playwright, but it was not until he published "The Woman in the Dunes" in 1962 that he won widespread international acclaim.

In the 1960s, he collaborated with Japanese director Hiroshi Teshigahara in adapting to film "The Pitfall", "Woman in the Dunes", "The Face of Another" and "The Ruined Map".

In 1973, he founded an acting studio in Tokyo, where he trained performers in his innovative performance methods and directed plays.

Abe's surreal and often nightmarish explorations of the individual in contemporary society earned him comparisons to Kafka and his influence extended well beyond Japan, particularly with the success of Woman in the Dunes at the Cannes Film Festival.

Kenzaburō Ōe was one of Abe's friends. Oe said he thinks Abe's novels are beyond his work and are as great as Kafka's and Faulkner's, Nobel Prize in Literature that Kōbō Abe shoud took before him, in fact Kōbō Abe had nominated many times with Nobel Prize. Critics thought his literary style similar Alberto Moravia so interesting, modernism and charming.

ummaries of selected works

"The Ruined Map" (1964)

In order to locate a timid woman's missing husband, a private investigator abandons his own identity.

"The Ark Sakura" (1984)

Fearing imminent nuclear holocaust, an obese survivalist named "Mole" builds a sprawling, technologically well-equipped shelter out of an abandoned quarry. Challenges mount as the insect salesman and pair of shills that he has recruited as crew members start making demands and an elderly brigade of street-sweepers threatens invasion.

"Kangaroo Notebook" (1991)

After seeking treatment for a patch of radish sprouts discovered growing on his legs, an office supply worker is taken on a journey through various surreal locales by a hospital bed with a mind of its own.

List of books available in English

*nihongo|"Inter Ice Age 4"|第四間氷期|Daiyon kampyōki 1959 (translated by E. Dale Saunders)
*nihongo|"Woman in the Dunes"|砂の女|Suna no onna 1962 (translated by E. Dale Saunders)
*nihongo|"The Face of Another"|他人の顔|Tanin no kao 1964 (translated by E. Dale Saunders)
*nihongo|"The Ruined Map"|燃え尽きた地図|Moetsukita chizu 1967 (translated by E. Dale Saunders)
*nihongo|"Friends" (play)|友達|Tomodachi 1967
*nihongo|"The Man Who Turned Into A Stick" (play)|棒になった男|Bō ni natta otoko
*nihongo|"The Box Man"|箱男|Hako otoko 1973 (translated by E. Dale Saunders)
*nihongo|"Kangaroo Notebook"|カンガルー・ノート ca 1973 - 1977(translated by Maryellen Toman Mori)
*nihongo|"Secret Rendezvous"|密会|Mikkai 1977 (translated by Juliet Winters Carpenter)
*nihongo|"The Ark Sakura"|方舟さくら丸|Hakobune Sakura-maru 1984 (translated by Juliet Winters Carpenter)
*"Beyond the Curve" (short stories) 1990 (translated by Juliet Winters Carpenter)
*"Three Plays by Kobo Abe" 1993 (translated by Donald Keene)

Novels

Poetry

References

*"Encyclopædia Britannica 2005 Ultimate Reference Suite DVD", article- "Abe Kōbō".
*"Abe Kobo: an Exploration of his Prose, Drama, and Theatre" by Timothy Iles. Published by EPAP, 2000.

Prizes

*1951 Akutagawa Prize - "The Crime of S. Karuma", "(Kabe S. Karuma shi no hanzai,nihongo2|「壁 S・カルマ氏の犯罪」)
*1962 Yomiuri Prize - "Woman in the Dunes"
*1967 Tanizaki Prize - "Friends, (Tomodachi, nihongo2|友達)"

External links

*isfdb name|id=Kobo_Abe|name=Kobo Abe
*iblist name|id=7093|name=Kobo Abe
*ibdof name|id=614|name=Kobo Abe
* [http://www.ibiblio.org/abekobo/index.html Abe Kobo at ibiblio.org]
* [http://web.archive.org/web/20070922061219/http://www.litweb.net/biography/90/Kobo_Abe.html LitWeb.net: Kobo Abe Biography]
* [http://www.themodernword.com/scriptorium/abe.html The Modern Word: Kobo Abe]
* [http://web.archive.org/web/20070310184546/http://www.centerforbookculture.org/review/02_2_inter/interview_masaki.html Interview with Goro Masaki about Japanese Science Fiction, large part devoted to Kobo Abe's work]
* [http://www.horror-house.jp/e/cat4/kobo-abe-19241993.html Kōbō Abe's grave]


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  • Kobo Abe — Abe Kōbō (jap. 安部 公房 eigentlich Abe Kimifusa; * 7. März 1924 in Tokio; † 22. Januar 1993 in Tokio) war ein japanischer Schriftsteller. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Lebenslauf 2 Werke 2.1 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kōbō Abe — Abe Kōbō (jap. 安部 公房 eigentlich Abe Kimifusa; * 7. März 1924 in Tokio; † 22. Januar 1993 in Tokio) war ein japanischer Schriftsteller. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Lebenslauf 2 Werke 2.1 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kōbō Abe — (安部公房, Abe Kōbō?) (Tokio, 7 de marzo de 1924 idem, 22 de enero de 1993), seudónimo de Kimifusa Abe, fue un escritor japonés. Contenido …   Wikipedia Español

  • Kobo Abe — Kōbō Abe Pour les articles homonymes, voir Abe. Kōbō Abe (安部 公房, Abe Kimifusa) (né le 7  mars  1924 à Tōkyō , mort le 22  janvier  1993 à Tōkyō ), passa son enfance à Mukden en Mandchourie, où son père travailla en tant que… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Kobo abe — Kōbō Abe Pour les articles homonymes, voir Abe. Kōbō Abe (安部 公房, Abe Kimifusa) (né le 7  mars  1924 à Tōkyō , mort le 22  janvier  1993 à Tōkyō ), passa son enfance à Mukden en Mandchourie, où son père travailla en tant que… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Kôbô Abe — Kōbō Abe Pour les articles homonymes, voir Abe. Kōbō Abe (安部 公房, Abe Kimifusa) (né le 7  mars  1924 à Tōkyō , mort le 22  janvier  1993 à Tōkyō ), passa son enfance à Mukden en Mandchourie, où son père travailla en tant que… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Kōbō Abe — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Abe. Kōbō Abe (安部 公房, Abe Kimifusa?, né le 7  mars  1924 à Tōkyō, mort le …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Abe Kobo — Abe Kōbō (jap. 安部 公房 eigentlich Abe Kimifusa; * 7. März 1924 in Tokio; † 22. Januar 1993 in Tokio) war ein japanischer Schriftsteller. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Lebenslauf 2 Werke 2.1 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Abe Kimifusa — Abe Kōbō (jap. 安部 公房 eigentlich Abe Kimifusa; * 7. März 1924 in Tokio; † 22. Januar 1993 in Tokio) war ein japanischer Schriftsteller. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Lebenslauf 2 Werke 2.1 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Abe Kôbô — Kōbō Abe Pour les articles homonymes, voir Abe. Kōbō Abe (安部 公房, Abe Kimifusa) (né le 7  mars  1924 à Tōkyō , mort le 22  janvier  1993 à Tōkyō ), passa son enfance à Mukden en Mandchourie, où son père travailla en tant que… …   Wikipédia en Français

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