Parione is the VI rione of
Rome.Its name comes from the fact that in the area there was a huge ancient wall, maybe belonging to the stadium of Domitianus; the nickname people gave to this wall was "Parietone" ("big wall" in ancient Italian), from which the name "Parione". Its logo is a rampant griffon, a Greek mythological creature with the head of an eagleand the body of a lion. It was chosen as a symbol of pride and nobility.
During Antiquity, it belonged to the IX Augustan region called "Circo Flaminio".In this area
Domitianusbuilt his stadium and an "Odeon" ("Odeum" in latin), for musical and poetic competitions. Pompeybuilt his curia.
1200the area was called "Parione e S. Lorenzo in Damaso" and the population kept on increasing until the 1400, when it obtained a great importance thanks to the paving of Campo de' Fiori, that soon became an important economic center.
Sixtus IV( 1471- 1484) the rione lost its chaotic look, typical of the Middle Ages, for a cleaner and tidier one, typical of the Renaissance. Recovering buildings, enlarging streets, building the new bridge "ponte Sisto" connecting Trastevereand Parione, improved the quality of the area.
Thanks to this renewal, urbanization increased between the
1400and 1500. In the same period, several artists were asked to renew the front of the greatest buildings: this habit was born in the northern Italyand was spreading in that period. In 1500most of the commercial activity slowly moved from Campo de' Fiorito Piazza Navona, that was the favorite place since it was wider.
1600 Piazza Navonachanged sensibly thanks to the work of Bernini, other houses were built to fill the holes between the other buildings.
From this period until
Romebecame capital of Italyin 1870there were no major changes but the opening of Vittorio Emanuele IIstreet, great street having a flexuous track in order to avoid the already existing palaces. If one palace was jutting, its front was moved backwards to preserve it.
* [http://mp_pollett.tripod.com/rione06.htm History, maps and images of the rione]
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