Administrative divisions of Finland

Administrative divisions of Finland

subdivisions of Finland
Politics of FinlandAs of 1 January 2005, Finland is divided into:

* 6 provinces (Finnish "lääni", Swedish "län")
* the provinces are divided into 20 regions (Finnish "maakunta", Swedish "landskap")
* the regions are divided into 74 sub-regions (Finnish "seutukunta", Swedish "ekonomisk region")
* the sub-regions are divided into 432 municipalities (Finnish "kunta", Swedish "kommun").


The state organisation is divided into six administrative provinces "(lääni, pl. läänit)", though they have little significance. [ [ Local Governance in Industrial Countries - ISBN: 082136328X ] ] Police, prosecutors, and other state services operate under the administration of the province, which is again divided to admistratively insignificant districts. After 1997 reforms the provinces have been Southern Finland, Western Finland, Eastern Finland, Oulu, Lapland, Åland. The province of Åland Islands is autonomous.

Municipalities (which may also call themselves towns or cities) account for half of public spending. Spending is financed by municipal income tax, state subsidies, and other revenue. As of 2008, there were 415 municipalies and most were under 5000 residents. For comparison, Denmark has set a minimum size of 30,000 residents. In Finland, state has started the Municipality and Service Structure Reform Program to reform the complex and expensive municipal system, but initiatives have encountered much opposition from local bureaucrats and interest groups. People often identify with their municipality.

In addition to municipalities, there are complex other arrangements. Municipalities co-operate in seventy-four sub-regions and twenty regions. These are governed by the member municipalities. The Åland region has a permanent, democratically elected regional council, as a part of the autonomy. In the Kainuu region, there is a pilot project underway, with regional elections. Sami people have a semi-autonomous Sami Domicile Area in Lapland for issues on language and culture.

In the following chart, the number of inhabitants includes those living in the entire municipality ("kunta/kommun"), not just in the built-up area. The land area is given in km², and the density in inhabitants per km² (land area). The figures are as of January 1, 2007. Notice that the capital region – comprising Helsinki, Vantaa, Espoo and Kauniainen (see Greater Helsinki) – forms a continuous conurbation of one million people. However, common administration is limited to voluntary cooperation of all municipalities, e.g. in Helsinki Metropolitan Area Council. :"Further information: List of Finnish municipalities, List of Finnish municipalities by population, List of Finnish municipalities by area, and Former municipalities of Finland"


ee also

*Subdivisions of Norden

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Administrative divisions of Latvia — Administrative divisions of Latvia, (valid 1 July 2009). According to the Administrative territorial reform of Latvia, Latvia changed its administrative divisions from two level municipalities (towns, cities, towns countryside territories and… …   Wikipedia

  • Administrative divisions of Murmansk Oblast — Murmansk Oblast, Russia Administrative center: Murmansk As of 2010: Districts[1 …   Wikipedia

  • Administrative divisions of Portugal — The border between the municipalities of Lisbon and Oeiras; shared also by the civil parishes of Santa Maria de Belém (Lisbon) and Algés (Oeiras) Administratively, Portugal is a unitary and decentralized State. Nonetheless, operationally, it is… …   Wikipedia

  • Administrative divisions of Azerbaijan — Map of the administrative divisions of Azerbaijan. Note that the divisions of the Nakhchivan exclave are listed in the next section. 1. Absheron Rayon 2. Aghjabadi Rayon 3. Agdam Rayon 4. Agdash Rayon 5. Agstafa Rayon 6 …   Wikipedia

  • Administrative divisions of Ukraine — Ukraine This article is part of the series: Politics and government of Ukraine …   Wikipedia

  • Administrative divisions of Armenia — Subdivisions of Armenia Legend Map ref. Administrative division Provincial capital 1 Aragatsotn Ashtarak …   Wikipedia

  • Administrative divisions of Moldova — Moldova This article is part of the series: Politics and government of Moldova …   Wikipedia

  • Administrative divisions of Abkhazia — In Soviet times, the Abkhazian ASSR was divided into 6 raions (districts) named after their respective capitals: Gagra, Gudauta, Sukhumi, Ochamchira, Gulripsh and Gali. The administrative divisions of the Republic of Abkhazia (international… …   Wikipedia

  • Administrative divisions of Russia in 1744–1764 — Major events*1744 Vyborg Governorate was formed on the recently acquired parts of Finland; also included portions of St. Petersburg Governorate. *1744 Orenburg Governorate was created from the lands annexed from Siberian and Astrakhan… …   Wikipedia

  • Finland — This article is about the country in Northern Europe. For other uses, see Finland (disambiguation). Coordinates: 65°N 27°E / 65°N 027°E / 65; …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”